Fwd: [wp] Fw: Israel, Pakistan and the Muslim World--Professor Khurshid Ahmad
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Subject: [wp] Fw: Israel, Pakistan and the Muslim World--Professor Khurshid Ahmad
Subject: Israel, Pakistan and the Muslim World--Professor Khurshid Ahmad
Israel, Pakistan and the Muslim World
Professor Khurshid Ahmad
Information began sermonizing in favor of recognizing Israel. As if not to be left behind, the Interior Minister
and Sardar Abdul Qayyum also jumped into the foray. This made Jan's Intelligence Digest of July 2003 almost
declared that Pakistan had decided to recognize Israel. It said:
Pakistani authorities, particularly the military leadership close to the President, have already
taken a decision to establish direct links with Israel Musharaf seems determined
to push forward with his agenda in the near future.
According to this defense journal, this all is being done as it would facilitate Pakistan and its army, with respect
to relations with India and United States, in purchasing weapons.
"The decision of recognizing Israel is set to have a significant impact on the General
Pervez Musharaf's attempts to stabilize Pakistan as well as his own political future."
The message of these intelligence reports about defense issues is that while decision has been taken
"General Musharaf is keen on testing the likely reactions; both at home and abroad."
While we would present our view substantiating it with arguments, we want to foretell the result of our
analysis in clear words that recognizing Israel would be an error of Himalayan proportions on our part, and
that it would incite nation's hatred and protest besides inviting Allah's wrath. This would throw the country
into instability, rather than giving strength to Pakistan or to Pervez Musharraf's rule. An analysis of what has
been written on this and what has been said in speeches and comments since it was first suggested clearly
establishes that, except a few individuals, the entire nation is against it. All renowned columnists and political
circles have opposed the notion, declared it a reversal of national interests and Pakistan's historical and
principled stand, and expressed the suspicion that this is not a thought that has come from within Pakistan,
it is rather a ploy that has been tried on us from outside there is someone with vested interest behind the
The Foundations for Legitimacy of a Country:
The question of recognizing a country relates to international law, diplomacy, and trade. It is not necessary
for every country to recognize each and every country, or to establish diplomatic or trade relations with it.
This issue is, in the main, related to two aspects: first, whether the country with which relations are under
consideration is a legitimate and sovereign entity; and second, if it is in our national interests to establish
diplomatic and trade relations with it. The first question has its own legal, political and ethical grounds, while
the second one is concerned solely with interests. Also, under international law and traditions it is not necessary
to recognize and establish of diplomatic and trade ties with every country with which you are not in
the state of war. For various reasons, many countries did not recognize one another for decades, without
incurring any harm.
From pure legal perspective, to recognize a country is to accept it as a legitimate entity. According to international
law, a country should meet four conditions for this: defined geographic borders, population, sovereignty,
These are essential elements for a country to be recognized as an independent entity. Recognition is,
therefore, not conferred on a country whose case is disputable with respect to any of these four elements.
A country or area that is under the control of some other force is not recognized as sovereign; it is also not
recognized if it is considered as lacking in legitimacy for any other reason and this may span a period of
many centuries. Despite England's occupation of Falkland for over 150 years, Argentina has not yet accepted
it. Russia, China, Taiwan have all undergone this phase. India is in occupation of two-thirds of
Jammu and Kashmir, but would not gain legitimacy for it on the basis of forceful occupation for over 50
years. In the case of recognizing Israel, too, the foremost principle and legal, moral and political question is:
whether Israel is a legitimate state? Nobody denies its de facto existence, just as the existence of the English,
French, Italian, Hispanic, Dutch and other colonial forces could not be refuted, or just as the existence
of the apartheid state of the ethnic white people in South Africa could not be denied. But these could not
gain legitimacy merely on the basis of their occupation and being in power. And then, with the vicissitudes
of time, new independent states came into being and gained legitimacy under the United Nations Charter.
The Status of Israel:
The case of Israel is altogether different from other countries.
The Palestinian land was not the original habitat of Israelis, who entered it 1,300 years BC and occupied it
after battles for 200 years. They were twice moved out of the land. Romans expelled them completely from
Palestine in 135 AD. In the history of 6,000 years, Israelis' stay was just about four to five hundred years in
the Northern Palestine, and about eight to nine hundred years in the South; whereas Arabs have been living
for 2,500 years in the Northern and for 2,000 years in the Southern areas.
Zionists base their claim on the Palestinian land in a so-called Divine pledge in the Bible. This is no more
than a myth, at the most. On the basis of this make-believe, imaginary right, Europe's rich and politically
ambitious Jew leadership launched a Zionist movement towards the end of the 19 th century. With temptation,
oppression and suppression, political maneuvering and colonialist designs, and by pitching Arabs and
Turks against each other, they got foothold in this land during the times of British mandate. Thus, the goal
of establishing a Jewish state of Israel was realized apparently under a UN General Assembly resolution on
14 May 1948, but in reality by the use force and military might and Palestinians' forceful expulsion and
genocide. Arther Koestler, a Jew intellectual and writer, was enamored in his youth by Zionism and left his
home in Germany to move to Jewish settlements (kibbutz). But when he witnessed the cruelty meted out to
Palestinians, he summed up the whole tragic episode:
One nation solemnly promised to a second nation the country of a third nation" (Arther Koestles,
Promise and fulfillment, London, 1949, P-4
In 1914, there were just 3,000 Jew families living in Palestine and there number could only reach 56,000 in
spite of large-scale emigration of Jews to Palestine after the First World War, whereas there were 644,000
Palestinian Arabs at that time. When Israel was given the form of a State with the use of force, bloodshed
and oppression, Jews held just 5.6 percent of the Palestinian land and barely constituted 33 percent of Palestine's
population. It is worth mentioning here that the Jew population had increased ten-fold as Jews from
80 countries of the world had been settled here for over a period of 30 years while Palestinians were being
expelled and their towns were being destroyed!
Through the UN resolution, 56 percent of the Palestinian land was presented to Jews on a platter while the
remaining 44 percent was sanctioned to the independent State of Palestine. However, Israel's extremist
groups occupied 78 percent of the land when it was still the year 1948, followed by occupation of what remained
of Palestine, including Eastern Jerusalem, in 1967.
We do not intend to narrate the whole tragic episode, we want to highlight the historical fact that Israel is
not a real and natural State coming to existence on the basis of the right of self-determination of the people
of the region. Rather, it is a 'stolen' land and a state that has come into being by expelling the original inhabitants
from their lands and settling the colonizers from outside. Without understanding the genesis of
this State, it is impossible its position in the region. It is not a Middle Eastern State, it is an embodiment of a
colonizing power's domination and suppression in the heart of the Middle East, a state that is devoid of legitimacy
under the international law and would remain so. It owes its existence to 'occupation by force'
and to accept occupation a basis for conferring legitimacy to a country is not only a violation of the international
law, it also constitutes a menace to international peace.
Writing in the International Herald Tribune, 25 July 2003, an expert of international law John V. Whitbeek
says that the roadmap is an illusion. He rightly depicts the situation when says:
"The roadmap builds on a false premise, that the real problem is Palestinian resistance to
the 36 years occupation and not the occupation itself."
He rightly concludes that not any so-called violence by Palestinians but Israel's occupation of Palestinians'
land is the cause of problem. Peace is not possible without an end to the occupation.
It is necessary to keep in view the following facts in order to understand the nature of and truth about this
Occupation by Force:
Israel's Jews were not the original inhabitants of the region nor are they to this date. They were collected
from all over the world and given control of others' country by expelling the original inhabitants, merely with
sheer use of force and under the umbrella of colonial power. Then, the United Nations was used for giving it
legal legitimacy. These outsiders are imposing their culture and life-style on the region and are there only
on the basis of force.
Not Based on Self-Determination:
Israel is the only country in the world that has come into being on the basis of the UN General Assembly's
resolution in utter violation of the UN Charter according to which people of a region can achieve freedom
only by exercising their free will and their right of self-determination. Since Arabs were 66 percent of Palestine's
population, the UN refused to opt for plebiscite in connivance with the US, Britain, and Russia and
instead passed a resolution for Palestine's division for the establishment of two states. Even the manner in
which this all was done was quite questionable. The vote in the General Assembly was twice deferred due
to lack of majority as only 30 of the then 56 members favored it, 13 opposed it, and 13 remained neutral. By
deferring the vote for two times and employing pressure and money, the US and the Zionist lobby forced
three neutral countries (Haiti, Philippines, Liberia which all were under the US influence) to vote for the
resolution for Palestine's division. So, this resolution was adopted by committing three violations of the UN
a) Decision about a country's future without plebiscite
b) Deferment of vote for two times
c) Obtaining three countries consent 'under duress'
These facts are part of history and are available in the form of confessions in the speeches of the members
of the US Congress.
Violations of law and international norms did not stop here. Israel's declaration of establishment of government
even before the resolution could be adopted, and its recognition by both the US and Russia too were
flagrant violations of international norms. These are the historical facts. To recognize Israel is to reaffirm
this whole historical process of foul-play and injustice.
No Specified Borders:
Israel is the only country whose establishment and existence depend on continuous and unnatural transfer
of population and occupation of the region through oppression and use of force, and expansion of border
through war and military might. Its borders are not yet defined. It got 56 percent of the Palestinian land in
the wake of the UN resolution, which was enhanced to 78 percent through military aggression in 1967. After
the 1967 war, directives for its retreat to pre-war positions were issued through UN resolutions 242 and
383, which were repeated in more than 20 resolutions, but Israel refused to heed to these calls.
The roadmap that is being talked about these days practically gives 40 percent of the 22 percent of land
that was given to Palestinians, and the remaining area, which would be called Palestinian Authority now
and Palestinian State after 2005, would remain in shambles and at the mercy of the occupier. This territory
would neither be contiguous, nor would transportation from one part to another be possible without passing
through Israeli check posts. Moreover, this so-called State would never have its own army and the responsibility
for law and order and policing would be with Israel, which would control all highways and water resources.
Those who are talking about recognizing Israel today should tell as to what is the basis of their logic and
what is that they are advocating for? To us, the State of Israel has no legitimacy. But those who talk about
two States on the basis of UN resolution should at least wait until the borders of the two become clear.
What is the purpose behind accepting flexible, undefined and continuously changing boundaries?
Here, it should be clearly understood that Israel's ideological basis is founded on 'expanding boundaries',
which is but another name of imperialism and a threat to the whole region. Israel and its entire leadership
has never kept the matter a secret and have openly declared that Greater Israel is their goal. Ben Gurion
had said in 1948:
The Achilles heel of the Arab coalition is Labnon. Muslim supremacy in this country is artificial and can easily
be overthrown. A Christian State ought to be set up there, with its southern frontier on the Litani. We
would sign a treaty of alliance with this state. Thus when we have broken the strength of the Arab Legion
and bombed Amman, we could wipe out Transjordan; after that Syria would fall. And if Egypt dared to make
war on us, we would bomb Port Said, Alexandria and Cairo. We should thus end the war and would have
but paid to Egypt, Assyria and Chaldea on behalf of our ancestors. (Ben Gurion diarry, May 21, 1948)
Before this, at Versailles Peace Conference in 1919, World Zionist Organization had presented
a map of its proposed Jewish State. According to this map, the areas that Israel
wants to occupy include Egypt up to the Niles, whole of Jordan, whole of Syria, whole of
Lebanon, a big portion of Iraq, Southern region of Turkey, and upper Hijaz up to Madina
Munawwarah. (My Diary at the Conference of Paris with Documents, D.H. Miller, vol 5, p
Addressing the Israeli parliament Knesset in 1982, just three years after the Camp David Accords, Israeli
Prime Minister Manaehan Begin had clearly said:
"By rights, the northern border of the Land of Israel ought to include the Golan
Heights. That it was not included following the breakup of the Ottoman Empire in 1918
and the establishment of Britain's mandate over Palestine was due to the arbitrariness of
colonial rulers in an era that has passed, never to return. We are not bound by this arbitrariness "
World Zionist Organization and Israeli leadership have always laid claim on accession of large areas and
never showed any reservations in expressing their plans for their forceful occupation.
Palestine is a territory whose chief geographical feature is this; that the river Jordan does
not delineate its frontier but flows through its centre.
(Vladimir Jabotinsky, at the 16th Zionist Congress in 1929)
Take the American Declaration of Independence for instance. It contains no mention f the
territorial limits. We are not obliged to state the limits of our state.
(Ben Gurion's Diary, May 14, 1948)
To maintain the status quo will not do. We have to set up a dynamic state bent upon expansion.
(Ben Gurion in Rebirth and Destiny of Israel, The Philosophical Press, New York, 1954).
During the last 100 years our people have been in a process off building up the country
and the nation, of expansion, of getting additional Jews and additional settlements in order
to expand the borders here. Lett no Jew say that the process has ended. Let no Jew
say that we are near the end of the road.
(Moshe Dayan in Ma'ariv, July 7, 1968)
Isreal's Defence Minister Moshe Dayan had said in an interview to the Times:
Our father had reached the frontiers which were recognized in the Partition Plan. Our generation
reached the frontiers of 1949. Now the Six Day generation has managed to reach
Suez, Jordan and the Golan Heights. This is not the end
So, such are Israel's designs. Is there still any doubt about the fact that by its nature Israel is not a peaceloving
state but a colonialist power? To recognize it, therefore, amounts to give legitimacy to colonialism. It
is pertinent to define colonialism here. The Webster Dictionary defines it as:
Imperialism: The policy, practice, or advocacy of extending the power and dominion of a nation,
especially by direct territorial acquisition or by gaining indirect control over the political or economic
life of other areas.
(Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1981)
It would be relevant to present the perceptions of some known figures of the West about the State of Israel:
If it is proper to 'reconstitute' a Jewish state which has not existed for two thousand years, why not
go back another thousand years and reconstitute the Cannanite state; the Cananites, unlike the
Jews, are still there.
The cause of unrest in Palestine, and the only cause, arises from the Zionist movement, and from
our promises and pledges in regard to it.
Sir Winston Chirchill, 14 June 1921, in the House of Commons.
A Zionist state in Palestine can only be installed and maintained by force and we should not be a
party to it.
President Franklin Rooseveit, 5 March 1945.
The Jewish state idea is not in my heart. I cannot understand why it is needed. It is connnected
withh narrow-mindedness and economic obstacles. I believe it is bad. I have always been against
Albert Einstein, 1946.
These references are found in William Baker's eye-opener Theft of a Nation. The conclusion at which William
Baker, himself a scholar of anthropology and history, arrives is:
Now consider what has taken place from 1917 to the present day. The entire country of Palestine
has been "taken" by political Zionists, and it would seem the entire world has believed, supported
and participated in the "theft" of an entire country from an entire nation Land, homes, customs,
economy, everything which formerly belonged to the Arab people have been replaced with Israeli
control and influence, including the very name of the country! The assumption that Palestine is the
Jewish homeland and they only require aid to get back what is "rightfully" theirs has been so well
propagandized that one is accused of "discrimination" or anti-Semitism if not supportive of the occupation
and theft of Palestine. But we must insist on presenting the facts regardless of the emotional
response incurred from others, or there will never be a just and lasting settlement of this
(Theft of a Nation, by William W. Bakes, Jireh Publication, West Mossouri, LA. USA, 1989
The matter does not stop here. Israel is not just a colonial and expansionist State; it is also a racist one. If a
Jewish State is formed in a region on the basis of Jews' majority there, perhaps no one would object to it as
there are also Hindu States (like Nepal), Buddhist States (like Thailand and Sri Lanka), and Christian States
(including the Vatican) in the world. But this is not the case with Israel. Occupying others' land, expelling
them from their homes, and establishing a State by force and violence, its claim is that Jews being distinct
and superior than other nations on racial grounds, and others are inferior, it is their right to establish their
Great State and rule over the rest. This is quite like the mentality South African racist and apartheid regime.
It is this feature that makes Israel a racist state contrary to the UN Charter as well the International Charter
of Human Rights. This also makes it a menace to peace in the region, besides its enjoying an upper hand
over other States in the region for its military power and nuclear capability.
Weizman, leader of the World Zionist Organization and first President of Israel, ridiculing the democratic
principle of majority and minority in the wake of the Balfour Declaration, had contemptuously declared that
Jews were "qualitatively" better than the "native" Arabs. He had said:
The democratic principle reckons with the relative numerical strength; and the brutal numbers
operate against us for there are five Arabs to one Jew... This system doe not take
into account the fact that there is a fundamental qualitative difference between Jew and
Arab. The present system tends to level down the Jew politically to the status off a native.
When Einstein asked him what would become of Arabs if Palestine was given to Jews, Weizman shrugged,
"What Arabs? They are hardly of any consequence."
The first Israeli Prime Minister Professor Ben Zion Dinur wrote in the foreword to History of the Haganah:
In our country there is room only for the Jews. We shall say to the Arabs: Get Out! If they do not
agree, if they resist, we shall drain them out by force.
(Quoted by Roger Garudy, The Case of Israel: A Study of Political Zionism, London, 1983, p 38)
It is for such views that Arabs do not have the rights of second and third grade citizens in Israel, while under
the Law of Return every Jew living in any corner of the world has the racial right to Israeli citizenship. The
law that Israeli parliament has recently passed, for whose repeal the UN Human Rights Commission has
demanded, holds that if an Arab man living on the West Bank in Palestinian marries an Arab woman living
in Israel, the couple would have no right to live in Israel either live separately, or leave Israel! So, what
more proof is required to realize that Israel is a racist entity, and not a democratic state, and to recognize it
would amount to negating the dignity humanity has so far achieved. In his charge-sheet against Israel, renowned
French scholar Roger Garudy maintains:
1. The Zionist state of Israel possesses no legitimacy historical, Biblical or juridical in the place
where it has been established. Nor does it posses any moral legitimacy; its conduct, both international
and external ( racism, expansionism, state terrorism) makes it a state like any other, and
even sets it among the worst of states resembling those with which it is in fact most closely connected
i. The United States, from which it takes over, for use against the Arabs, the
worst of that country's traditions, namely its treatment of the Indians and the
Blacks; whose worst actions, such as the Vietnam war, it emulates and whose
"democratic" fictions combined with support, in Latin America, of the dictatorships
ii. South Africa, whose apartheid and archaic colonialism it practices; and
iii. El Salvador Guatemala, Paraguay (the chief piece of refuge off the old Nazis),
to whom Israel supplies arms and instructors to help them terrorize their peoples.
2. The constituent doctrine of the State of Israel, political Zionism born not of Judaic tradition,
which merely provides it with camouflage and pretexts, but of Western nationalism and colonialism
of the 19 th century is a form of racism, nationalism and colonialism.
3. This state, sprung from this false ideology and from a series of acts of violence and terrorism, was
created in the name of an illegal decision by the United Nations' Organization (dominated at the
time by the Western powers) and by means of pressure and corruption. It has survived not through
its own work and its own strength but, just like the Crusader states in their day, through an influx of
money and weapons from the West, and above all through the unconditional and unlimited backing
of the United States, which has used it as a major element in its world strategy, as a wedge driven
into the Middle East.
4. The Zionist State of Israel, stripped of the myths that were used to justify its foundation, and of
the intellectual (and sometimes physical) terrorism that is used to protect it, is thus simply one
state among the rest, without any halo or privilege or sacred character. Because all states owe
their origin, just like Israel's, not to any "right" but to a certain relation of forces, and to accomplished
(Roger Garudy; The case of Israel: A Study of Political Zionism, London, 1983, pp157-
The Hapless Palestinian State:
By ignoring Israel's performance for the last 55 years and the hell it has let loose on Palestinians, and citing
Palestinian Authority's haplessness for accepting Israel is such an audacity that no sane person can commit.
Out of the 22 Arab countries, only two (Egypt and Jordan) have, under duress, recognized Israel. As for
Yasser Arafat or the Palestinian Authority, the matter is far from the establishment of a State as they are he
is just making frantic effort to come out of the Israeli trap. To say that he has accepted Israel is like saying
that Quaid-e-Azam had accepted British colonial rule because he had become a member of the Indian Constituent
Assembly during the struggle for freedom. Today, Palestinians are struggling for freedom through
all political means and armed struggle. To term this as "recognition of Israel" is to refute the facts, and other
countries' "recognition of Israel" would mean nothing but to remove whatever international pressure might
be exerted on Israel even before going through a decisive phase. Obviously, this would be like stabbing the
Palestinian struggle for freedom in the back.
Islamic Viewpoint: The issue of the Israel's recognition is not just about recognizing or not recognizing a
State. The land of Palestine is important not only for Palestinians or Arabs, it is important sacred for all
Muslims. Al-Qudus is a place of sanctity for us where there are Masjid Al-Aqsa and the Dome of the Rock.
For its being the first Qibla for Muslims, it is the most sacred place after Masjid Al-Haram in Makkah and
Masjid Al-Nabawi in Madinah. The Holy Qur'an is witnessed to its sacredness:
Glory to Allah who did take His Servant for a Journey by night from the Sacred Mosque to
the Farthest Mosque, whose precincts WE did bless, in order that We might show him
some of Our Signs. He is the One Who hears and sees (all things). (al-Asra 17:1)
Jewish occupation of Al-Aqsa and talk of recognition of Israel! Could there be any more perverse thinking?
Hostility towards Pakistan:
From Day One, and particularly after acquiring nuclear capability, Pakistan has been a special target of Israel's
hostility. Israel is working in collusion with India to destabilize the whole region and, more specifically,
Pakistan. Is our leadership is unconscious of the designs of Israeli leadership? Ben Gurion's vow in Jewish
Chronicle's issue of 19 August 1967 is recorded in history and serves as an eye-opener.
After the events of 11 September 2001, Shimon Perez, who has been Israeli Prime Minister, had said in an
interview to the Newsweek that he and General Pervez Musharraf were on the same boat! But the pun is
worth noticing. On the US President Bush's strategy to counter terrorism and Israel's "low profile" in this
regard, he said:
I told him, we understand your strategy. As a good Jewish boy, I would have never
dreamed that I would pray for the safety of Musharaf, the President of Pakistan. That is a
most unexpected experience. But we understand and do not want to have an agenda of
(Newsweek, 5 November 2001, p 33)
This interview also hinted at attach on Iraq after Taliban's government in Afghanistan as well as preemptive
strike on Kahuta by India or Israel!
Right at the time when the General and his associates were talking about national debate on recognizing
Israel, its official spokesman announced that Ariel Sharon would visit India in September and that even if
Pakistan accepts Israel, it would give more importance to its relations with India. (Ausaf, London, 12 July
Perez's statement published in The Nation on 9 January is also worth pondering. He had said that Israel
would side with India in case of an India-Pakistan war. So, is it this Israel with which expectations of goodwill
and friendship are being entertained!
The Views of Iqbal and Jinnah:
While our leaderships do not tire talking about the vision of Pakistan's founding fathers, but know little about
their views and feelings about Israeli and Zionist designs. Allama Iqbal very well knew the implications of
Europe's being in clasp of Jews. He also asked: if Jews have any right on the Palestinian land, why should
Arabs not lay claim on Spain!
On 25 October 1947, Quaid-e-Azam gave an interview to Reuters and made his position known. About a
dozen of his statements from 1933 to 1948 as well as his letter to the US President Truman are proofs of
his stand against Israel. But the condition of our leadership is such that it has eyes but does not see, has
ears but does not listen, and has heart but does not understand.
In the light of the principles that Islam have given us, as well, we have no justification to sanction it legitimacy
by recognizing it for some vague interests at this juncture and isolate ourselves from the people of
Palestine, Arabs, Muslims all over the world, and all oppressed people. Being an occupying force and oppressive
power, it is playing havoc with the lives of our Muslim brethren. It is Arab people, not rulers and
opportunists, who are our companions on the journey to common destination. Those who give preference
to their own interest to those of the Muslim community and consider attaining the pleasure of their Western
lords as their success, cannot be our co-travelers.
According to a recently conducted survey in Palestine, 87.9 percent of the population are in favor of Intifada
al-Aqsa; 65.3 percent and 60.5 percent fully support armed struggle in Israeli territory and occupied West
Bank; and 59.9 percent vote for suicide attacks. Abu Mazen commands confidence of only 1.8 percent of
the population; and 67.8 percent think that he has been made Prime Minister only because of external pressure.
However, 51.9 percent feel that resolution of the issue in the present circumstances is possible in the
form of the establishment of two separate States, provided that the Palestinian States is really sovereign
and independent to run its own affairs. (Impact International, May 2003, p 13)
But the signs of the establishment of such a Palestinian State are nowhere to be seen. In such circumstances,
even a bit of retreat from our principled position would result in dire consequences. In the present
situation, our duty is to support and back up our innocent and hapless brethren, rather than emboldening
Israel by talking about its recognition. Qur'anic command shows us the way:
Allah does not forbid you, with regard to those who do not fight you for your Faith nor
drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them; for Allah loves
those who are just. Allah only forbids you, with regard to those who fight you for your
Faith and drive you out of your homes, and support others in driving you out, from turning
to them for friendship. Those who take them for friends are indeed the wrongdoers. (al-
(Professor Khurshid Ahmad is the Senate Member of the Pakistan Parliament and chairman of Islamic Foundation UK )
(The BFE Post, Vol.1, Issue 2 June-July 2007 )
[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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