B i s m i l l a a h i r R a h m a a n i r R a h e e m
Bismillaahi walhamdulillaahi wassalaatu wassalaamu ‘alaa rasoolillaahiAssalaamu `Alaykum wa Rahmatullaahi wa BarakaatuhuAl Mujaadalaha.k.a.(Al Mujadilah)
She That Disputeth, The Pleading WomanSoorah 58 ~ Aayat 1-22This is the only Soorah in the Holy Qur'aan where the Name ofAllâhSubhanahu wa Ta'alais mentioned in every aayah (verse)(in some aayah, more than once).This Soorah is entitled Al Mujaadalah as well as Al Mujadilah, the title being derived from the word tujadiluka of the very first aayah. As at the outset mention has been made of the woman who pleaded with the Prophet Sall Allahu alayhi wa sallam the case of zihar pronounced by her husband and urged him to suggest a way out of the difficult situation in order to save her and, her children's life from ruin, and Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala has described her pleading by the word "mujaadalah", the Soorah came to be known by this very title. If it is read as "mujaadalah", it would mean "pleading and arguing", and if it is read as "mujadilah", it would mean "the woman who pleaded and argued."~ Alhamduli'llah ~Fi Amman AllahK a r i m aBackground
by Ayub. A. Hamid
Soorah Mujaadalah was revealed some time after the pagan invasion of Al-Ahzaab during a time when hypocrites had increased their anti-Islam activities. Their behind-the-scene subversive activities, their secret propaganda against Allaah’s Messenger Sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam and Islamic teachings, their rumour mongering, and their efforts to sow dispute and discontent among Muslims were all at full swing.
This soorah differentiates between the attitude, behaviour and activities of sincere, dedicated Muslims vis-à-vis those of hypocrites. The purpose is to educate Muslims to adopt the right attitude and behaviour, to encourage them to remain vigilant of hypocrites’ propaganda and activities, and to give them good news of Islamic mission’s ultimate success, on the one hand; and to warn the hypocrites of their impending failure and defeat, on the other.
The soorah starts with an example of right Islamic attitude when Muslims encounter a problem in their personal life. The Islamic attitude would be to bring the matter to Allaah’s Messenger Sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam for guidance and directions, and to patiently wait until the guidance is provided; while a hypocrite would go to pubic forums complaining about the difficulty, displaying frustration, raising objections, ranting, raving, and using the opportunity to create anti-Islam propaganda instead of seeking an Islamic solution. In the example quoted in this soorah, a sincere Muslimah brought her issue to the Prophet Sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam. In response, Allaah Subhaanahu wa Taa'ala guided them for a way out of their difficulty.While exposing activities and attitudes of hypocrites, Allaah Subhaanahu wa Taa'ala has taken the opportunity to improve the ranks of Muslims by introducing more reforms relating to social etiquettes and interactions in public gatherings.Al MujaadalahSoorah 58 Aayat 1-22(the interpretation of the meanings)1. Allah has said indeed heard (and accepted) the statement of the woman who pleads with thee concerning her husband and carries her complaint (in prayer) to Allah. and Allah (always) hears the arguments between both sides among you: for Allah hears and sees (all things).
2. If any men among you divorce their wives by Zihar (calling them mothers), they cannot be their mothers: None can be their mothers except those who gave them birth. And in fact they use words (both) iniquitous and false: but truly Allah is one that blots out (sins), and forgives (again and again).
3. But those who divorce their wives by Zihar, then wish to go back on the words they uttered,- (It is ordained that such a one) should free a slave before they touch each other: Thus are ye admonished to perform: and Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.
4. And if any has not (the wherewithal), he should fast for two months consecutively before they touch each other. But if any is unable to do so, he should feed sixty indigent ones, this, that ye may show your faith in Allah and His Messenger. Those are limits (set by) Allah. For those who reject (Him), there is a grievous Penalty.
5. Those who resist Allah and His Messenger will be humbled to dust, as were those before them: for We have already sent down Clear Signs. And the Unbelievers (will have) a humiliating Penalty,-
6. On the Day that Allah will raise them all up (again) and show them the Truth (and meaning) of their conduct. Allah has reckoned its (value), though they may have forgotten it, for Allah is Witness to all things.
7. Seest thou not that Allah doth know (all) that is in the heavens and on earth? There is not a secret consultation between three, but He makes the fourth among them, - Nor between five but He makes the sixth,- nor between fewer nor more, but He is in their midst, wheresoever they be: In the end will He tell them the truth of their conduct, on the Day of Judgment. For Allah has full knowledge of all things.
8. Turnest thou not thy sight towards those who were forbidden secret counsels yet revert to that which they were forbidden (to do)? And they hold secret counsels among themselves for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Messenger. And when they come to thee, they salute thee, not as Allah salutes thee, (but in crooked ways): And they say to themselves, "Why does not Allah punish us for our words?" Enough for them is Hell: In it will they burn, and evil is that destination!
9. O ye who believe! When ye hold secret counsel, do it not for iniquity and hostility, and disobedience to the Prophet; but do it for righteousness and self- restraint; and fear Allah, to Whom ye shall be brought back.
10. Secret counsels are only (inspired) by the Evil One, in order that he may cause grief to the Believers; but he cannot harm them in the least, except as Allah permits; and on Allah let the Believers put their trust.
11. O ye who believe! When ye are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room: (ample) room will Allah provide for you. And when ye are told to rise up, rise up Allah will rise up, to (suitable) ranks (and degrees), those of you who believe and who have been granted (mystic) Knowledge. And Allah is well- acquainted with all ye do.
12. O ye who believe! When ye consult the Messenger in private, spend something in charity before your private consultation. That will be best for you, and most conducive to purity (of conduct). But if ye find not (the wherewithal), Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
13. Is it that ye are afraid of spending sums in charity before your private consultation (with him)? If, then, ye do not so, and Allah forgives you, then (at least) establish regular prayer; practise regular charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
14. Turnest thou not thy attention to those who turn (in friendship) to such as have the Wrath of Allah upon them? They are neither of you nor of them, and they swear to falsehood knowingly.
15. Allah has prepared for them a severe Penalty: evil indeed are their deeds.
16. They have made their oaths a screen (for their misdeeds): thus they obstruct (men) from the Path of Allah. therefore shall they have a humiliating Penalty.
17. Of no profit whatever to them, against Allah, will be their riches nor their sons: they will be Companions of the Fire, to dwell therein (for aye)!
18. One day will Allah raise them all up (for Judgment): then will they swear to Him as they swear to you: And they think that they have something (to stand upon). No, indeed! they are but liars!
19. The Evil One has got the better of them: so he has made them lose the remembrance of Allah. They are the Party of the Evil One. Truly, it is the Party of the Evil One that will perish!
20. Those who resist Allah and His Messenger will be among those most humiliated.
21. Allah has decreed: "It is I and My apostles who must prevail": For Allah is One full of strength, able to enforce His Will.
22. Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (for ever). Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Truly it is the Party of Allah that will achieve Felicity.
Translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali
"Given the depth as well as the sublimity of the Qur'anic text, a faithful translation of it into another language is virtually impossible. The various translations that exists today, however accurate they may be, cannot be designated as the Qur'an, since they can never hope to imitate the diction or the style of the Book of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta'ala. But as translation is one of the few ways to export the message of the Qur'an to allow those lacking in knowledge of Arabic to share this priceless gift, it becomes a duty for those in a position to fulfill this task."(Excerpt from the foreword text by "The Presidency of Islamic Researchers, IFTA, Call and Guidance" on the publication of "The Holy Qur-an English translation of the meanings and Commentary" under a Royal decree (No. 19888, dated 16/18/1400 AH) issued by the Custodian of The Two Holy Mosques, King Fahd Ibn Abdul Aziz Al-Saud, King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.