Re the first 'The Times' article is incorrect in suggesting there is
a representation of a walking frame in Breughel's 'The Beggars' of
--- In email@example.com
, "Keith Armstrong"
> IN MAY 1954 Physiotherapy, the journal of the Chartered Society of
> Physiotherapy, published a description of an apparatus to assist
> walking, designed by a member of the staff at Bromley General
> Hospital, Norman Metcalfe. One of the first appliances of its type,
> it was the forerunner of many of today's aids, most visible in
> the ubiquitous Zimmer frame, whose name has become virtually
> for such appliances.
> Aids to walking for infants and the infirm were not of course a
> century invention. In a painting of 1495 in the Kunsthistorisches
> Museum, Vienna, Hieronymus Bosch has the Christ-child walking with
> the aid of a frame, while Pieter Breughel's The Beggars (1568) in
> the Louvre depicts a wide variety of doubtless home-made
> appliances supplying the deficiencies of amputated or deformed
> exhibited in a crowd of mendicants.
> But in modern times, Metcalfe's device was one of the earliest in
> its field designed expressly for use in the home, thus liberating
> patient from dependence on outside assistance. With it, he had
> restored in the first instance a degree of mobility to a patient
> had suffered from the effects of poliomyelitis contracted ten years
> April 28, 2003