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Rupas Ch 6, no 1

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  • Nina van Gorkom
    Dear friends, Chapter 6. Intimation through Body and Speech Citta is one of the four factors that produces rúpa. We look different when we laugh, when we cry,
    Message 1 of 1 , Apr 2, 2007
      Dear friends,

      Chapter 6.

      Intimation through Body and Speech

      Citta is one of the four factors that produces r�pa. We look
      different when we laugh, when we cry, when we are angry or when we
      are generous. Then we can notice that citta produces r�pa.
      Bodily intimation (k�yavi��atti) and speech intimation (vac�vi��atti)
      are two kinds of r�pa, originated by citta. They are not produced by
      the other three factors that can produce r�pa, by kamma, temperature
      or nutrition.
      As to bodily intimation, this is movement of the body, of the limbs,
      facial movement or gestures which display our intentions, be they
      wholesome or unwholesome. The intention expressed through bodily
      intimation can be understood by others, even by animals. Bodily
      intimation itself is r�pa, it does not know anything. We read in the
      �Dhammasanga�i� (� 636):

      What is that r�pa which is bodily intimation (k�yavi��atti)?
      That tension, that intentness, that state of making the body tense,
      in response to a thought, whether good or bad, or indeterminate
      (kiriyacitta), on the part of one who advances, or recedes, or fixes
      the gaze, or glances around, or retracts an arm, or stretches it
      forth - the intimation, the making known, the state of having made
      known - this is that r�pa which constitutes bodily intimation.

      According to the �Atthas�lin�� (I, Book I, Part III, 82, 83), in the
      case of bodily intimation citta produces the �eight inseparable
      r�pas� [1 ] and among them the element of air (wind, oscillation or
      motion) plays its specific part in supporting the body and strengthen
      the postures. We read:

      ... But there is a certain peculiar, unique mode of change in the
      primaries (four Great Elements) when set up by mind, through which,
      as a condition, mobility (the element of wind or motion) is able to
      strengthen, support and agitate the coexistent body. This is
      intimation. ... Because it is a capacity of communicating, it is
      called �intimation�. What does it communicate? A certain wish
      communicable by an act of the body. If anyone stands in the path of
      the eye, raises his hands or feet, shakes his head or brow, the
      movement of his hands, etc. are visible. Intimation, however, is not
      so visible; it is only knowable by the mind. For one sees by the eye
      a colour-surface moving by virtue of the change of position in hands,
      etc. 2. But by reflecting on it as intimation, one knows it by mind-
      door-consciousness, thus: �I imagine that this man wishes me to do
      this or that act.�...

      footnote 1: The four Great Elements of solidity, cohesion,
      temperature and motion, and visible object, odour, flavour and


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