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Abhidhamma in Daily Life, 104

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  • Nina van Gorkom
    Dear friends, Processes with kusala javana-cittas and processes with akusala javana- cittas can arise shortly one after the other. For instance, people have
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 24, 2006
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      Dear friends,

      Processes with kusala javana-cittas and processes with akusala javana-
      cittas can arise shortly one after the other. For instance, people
      have the intention to offer food to the monks. However, when someone
      has bought the ingredients for the food he is going to offer, he may
      find the cost rather high. At that moment there may be cittas with
      stinginess and then the javana-cittas are akusala cittas. Thus we see
      that accumulated defilements can appear at any time when there are
      conditions, even if one has the intention to do a good deed.
      It is during the time of the javana-cittas that we accumulate
      wholesomeness or unwholesomeness. There is no self who can control
      javana-cittas, but knowing the conditions for wholesomeness will help
      us to have kusala cittas.
      The Buddha, out of compassion, taught people the way to have less
      akusala. He encouraged them to perform all kinds of kusala, no matter
      whether it is dåna (generosity), síla (morality) or bhåvanå (mental
      development). He taught the development of the wisdom which can
      eradicate all kinds of akusala. There are different degrees of
      wisdom, paññå. If there is understanding of what is kusala and what
      is akusala, there is paññå, but it is not of the degree that it can
      eradicate akusala. When paññå has not been developed to the degree of
      ``insight-wisdom'', right understanding which sees realities as they
      are, there is still a concept of self who develops wholesomeness and
      abstains from ill deeds. So long as there is the concept of self,
      defilements cannot be eradicated.
      The person who is not an ariyan (noble person who has attained
      enlightenment) may be able to observe the five precepts, but there is
      a difference between him and the sotåpanna, the ariyan who has
      attained the first stage of enlightenment, who does not transgress
      them. The non-ariyan may transgress the five precepts when there are
      conditions for it, whereas for the sotåpanna there are no more
      conditions for transgressing them. Moreover, the sotåpanna who
      observes síla does not take the observing of síla for self any more,
      since he has eradicated the latent tendency of wrong view. Thus his
      síla is purer. He is on the way leading to the eradication of all
      defilements.

      ******
      Nina.

      [Non-text portions of this message have been removed]
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