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Tiika Vis. 22

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  • nina van gorkom
    Vis. 22: 22. Herein, meaning (attha) is briefly a term for the fruit of a cause (hetu). For in accordance with the cause it is served, arrived at, reached,
    Message 1 of 1 , Oct 20, 2003
      Vis. 22:
      22. Herein, "meaning" (attha) is briefly a term for the fruit of a cause
      (hetu). For in accordance with the cause it is served, arrived at,
      reached, therefore it is called 'meaning' (or 'purpose'). But in
      particular the five things, namely, (i) anything conditionally produced,
      [441] (ii) nibbana, (iii) the meaning of what is spoken, (iv) (kamma-)
      result, and (v) functional (consciousness), should be understood as
      "meaning". When anyone reviews that meaning, any knowledge of his,
      falling within the category (pabheda) concerned with meaning, is the
      "discrimination of meaning".

      22. tattha atthoti sa"nkhepato hetuphalasseta.m adhivacana.m. hetuphala.m hi
      yasmaa hetuanusaarena ariyati adhigamiyati sampaapu.niyati, tasmaa atthoti
      vuccati. pabhedato pana ya.m ki~nci paccayasambhuuta.m, nibbaana.m,
      bhaasitattho, vipaako, kiriyaati ime pa~nca dhammaa atthoti veditabbaa. ta.m
      attha.m paccavekkhantassa tasmi.m atthe pabhedagata.m ~naa.na.m
      atthapa.tisambhidaa.

      Tiika 22:

      words:
      sampaapaka: leading to
      anusaarena: in accordance with
      dahati: necessitate
      vidahati: contrive, arrange
      nibbattati; to arise, to be rpoduced
      nibbattaka: producing
      bhaajaniya: division
      nibbacana: word derivation.
      sampaapunati: to reach, to attain
      adigacchati: to attain
      saadhara.na: general. common.
      bhaasita: spoken
      avabodhati: perceive, pay attention to

      Tiika22. nibbaanampi sampaapakahetuanusaarena ariiyati, adhigammatiiti
      attho.
      Also nibbana, in accordance with the cause leading to it, is , as is said,
      served, reached, and thus, it is meaning.

      ``ya.m ki~nci paccayasambhuuta''nti etena
      saccahetudhammapaccayaakaaravaaresu aagataani dukkhaadiini gahitaani.
      As to the expression, ³anything conditionally produced², this means: it
      refers to the sections of truth, of cause, of dhamma, of the structure of
      conditions *, and is taken as dukkha and so on.

      saccapaccayaakaaravaaresu nibbaana.m, pariyattivaare bhaasitattho,
      Nibbana refers to the section of truth, and to the structure of conditions,
      the meaning of what is spoken refers to the section of competency in the
      scriptures (pariyatti) ** ,

      abhidhammabhaajaniiye vipaako, kiriyaa caati eva.m paa.liya.m vuttaana.m eva
      vasena pa~nca atthaa veditabbaa.
      Result and functional consciousness refer to the Abhidhamma division, and
      because of what is thus said in the text, five categories which are meaning
      should be known.

      dahatiiti vidahati, nibbattakahetuaadiina.m saadhaara.nameta.m nibbacana.m.
      As to the word necessitates, this means, it arranges, by a cause that
      produces (result)and so on ***, and this (nibbattakahetu, producing cause)
      is a common word derivation.

      tadattha.m pana vibhaavetu.m ``pavatteti vaa sampaapu.nitu.m vaa detii''ti
      vutta.m.
      It was said, ³It makes occur, or it allows it to be reached², in order to
      explain this meaning.

      (tesu purimo attho maggavajjesu da.t.thabbo. )
      .............

      bhaasitampi hi avabodhanavasena attha.m pavatteti, maggo pana nibbaana.m
      paapetiiti (tasmi.m pacchimo attho.)
      Also what is spoken makes the meaning occur because of understanding it, and
      the Path causes nibbana to be reached........

      nibbaana.m hi pattabbo attho, bhaasitattho ~naapetabbo attho, itaro
      nibbattetabbo atthoti eva.m tividho hoti.
      Nibbana is meaning that should be attained, the meaning of what is spoken is
      meaning that must be made known, as to the other meaning, that must be
      produced and in this way meaning is threefold.

      ******
      English:

      Also nibbana, in accordance with the cause leading to it, is , as is said,
      served,
      As to the expression, ³anything conditionally produced², this means: it
      refers to the sections of truth, of cause, of dhamma, of the structure of
      conditions *, and is taken as dukkha and so on.
      Nibbana refers to the section of truth, and to the structure of conditions,
      the meaning of what is spoken refers to the section of competency in the
      scriptures (pariyatti) **,
      Result and functional consciousness refer to the Abhidhamma division, and
      because of what is thus said in the text, five categories which are meaning
      should be known.
      As to the word necessitates, this means, it arranges, by a cause that
      produces (result)and so on ***, and this (nibbattakahetu, producing cause)
      is a common word derivation.
      It was said, ³It makes occur, or it allows it to be reached², in order to
      explain this meaning.
      .............
      Also what is spoken makes the meaning occur because of understanding it, and
      the Path causes nibbana to be reached........
      Nibbana is meaning that should be attained, the meaning of what is spoken is
      meaning that must be made known, as to the other meaning, that must be
      produced and in this way meaning is threefold.

      _____________
      * Meaning, attha, is the outcome or result of a condition. Nibbana is to be
      reached by means of a condition, thus it falls under meaning, attha. As to
      the truth section, the truth of dukkha is the result of the truth of origin,
      which is craving. Thus it falls under the category of meaning, attha.
      ** The meaning of what is spoken is the effect to be reached by means of the
      condition called ³what is spoken². The condition is the competency in the
      scriptures, as is explained in the ³Dispeller of Delusion², Ch 15, Category
      section, §1966.
      Now we see that discriminative understanding of language can be understood
      ³by means of meaning and so on, which have these as object² as said in Tiika
      21. Thus, by means of attha, meaning, outcome or result, and dhamma, cause,
      we also understand better what is said about language that is uttered.
      *** This is said about dhamma, law, in Vis. 23.

      ******
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