ADL ch. 6 (18-23)
- from: http://www.budsas.org/ebud/nina-abhidhamma/nina-abhi-00.htm
Abhidhamma In Daily Life
chapter 6, paragraphs 18-23
18. When we study the Abhidhamma we learn that there are two types of
dosa-mula-citta; one is asankharika (unprompted) and one is sasankharika
(prompted). Dosa is sasankharika (prompted) when, for example, one
becomes angry after having been reminded of the disagreeable actions of
someone else. When dosa is asankharika (unprompted) it is more intense
than when it is sasankharika. Dosa-mula-cittas are called
patigha.sampayutta, or accompanied by patigha, which is another word for
dosa. Dosa.mula-cittas are always accompanied by domanassa (unpleasant
feeling). The two type of dosa-mula-citta are:
1. Accompanied by unpleasant feeling, arising with anger, unprompted
(Domanassa-sahagatam, patigha-sampayuttam, asankharikam ekam)
2. Accompanied by unpleasant feeling, arising with anger, prompted
patigha-sampayuttam, sasankharikam ekam)
19. As we have seen, there are many degrees of dosa; it may be coarse or
more subtle. When dosa is coarse, it causes akusala kamma-patha
(unwholesome deeds) through body, speech or mind. Two kinds of akusala
kamma-patha through the body can be performed with dosa-mula-citta:
killing and stealing. If we want less violence in the world we should
try not to kill. When we kill we accumulate a great deal of dosa. The
monk's life is a life of non-violence; he does not hurt any living being
in the world. However, not everyone is able to live like the monks.
Defilements are anatta (not self); they arise because of conditions. The
purpose of the Buddha's teachings is not to lay down rules which forbid
people to commit ill deeds, but to help people to develop the wisdom
which eradicates defilements.
20. As regards stealing, this can either be performed with
lobha-mula-citta or with dosa-mula-citta. It is done with
dosa-mula-citta when there is the intention to harm someone else. Doing
damage to someone else's possessions is included in this kamma-patha.
21. Four kinds of akusala kamma-patha through speech are performed with
dosa-mula-citta: lying, slandering, rude speech and frivolous talk.
Lying, slandering and frivolous talk can either be done with
lobha-mula-citta or with dosa-mula-citta. Slandering, for example, is
done with dosa-mula-citta when there is the intention to cause damage to
someone else, such as doing harm to his good name and causing him to be
looked down upon by others. Most people think that the use of weapons is
to be avoided, but they forget that the tongue can be a weapon as well,
which can badly wound. Evil speech does a great deal of harm in the
world; it causes discord between people. When we speak evil we harm
ourselves, because at such moments akusala kamma is accumulated and it
is capable of producing akusala vipaka. We read in the 'Sutta Nipata'
(the Great Chapter, 'Khuddaka Nikava'):
Truly to every person born
An axe is born within his mouth
Wherewith the fool cuts himself
When he speaks evil.
22. As regards akusala kamma-patha through the mind performed with
dosa-mula-citta, this is the intention to hurt or harm someone else.
23. People often speak about violence and the ways to cure It. Who of us
can say that he is free from dosa and that he will never kill? We do not
know how much dosa we have accumulated in the course of many lives. When
the conditions are there we might commit an act of violence we did not
realize we were capable of. When we understand how ugly dosa is and to
what deeds it can lead we want to eradicate it.