Re: o-grade thoughts
>and *bhen "schlagen, verwunden"
> These are all roots derived from different earlier forms:
> *bha:-, 'shine', from *bha?-
> *bha:-, 'speak (loudly)', from *bhaH-
> *bhei(6)-, 'beat', from *bho-y-?-
>Pokorny *bhe:-, *bho:- "wärmen, rösten"
> *bho:-, 'roast (on a stick)', from *bho?-
and *bhok- "flammen, brennen" -> Latin focus and ->
(TP) Nordwestblock in German Baake, in English beacon
Now if I coukld get *bhu:- "be" etc into this, that would be nice.
>More likely "X is afraid" from an impersonal *bho:i "there is (was)
> *bho:i-, 'be afraid (perspire/feel hot from fear)', from *bho?-y-
an appearance to X" with an accusative, cf. the older (eg. Old
Danish) it dreamt me (that ...)"
I think the resyllabification caused by the prefix PPIE *a-
(but not by reduplication!) in its turn caused a consonant
alternation in occlusives: unvoiced unaspirated vs voiced
aspirated; this was regularised in most roots,but cf this
(B = the PPE predecessor of p/bh, whichever it was)
(occlusive alternation and ablaut)
from which is abstracted either
the root *por- "transport once"
the roor *bher- "transport continually"
There are no verbal roots *per- or *bhor- meaning "transport"
- further from the same text:
It is now generally accepted that the Proto-Semitic aspectual system
is to be reconstructed to resemble that found in Akkadian. This system
contains two prefixal forms, one *ya-prus 'he separated' (perfective),
and another, *ya-paras 'he is separating' (imperfective). The third
prefix conjugation exists only in Akkadian as the perfect form
i-p-t-aras 'he has separated'. Its Proto-Semitic status has been
proposed by Voigt (1987) on the basis of further evidence from Berber
and Bedawye (North Cushitic). Of fundamental importance for the later
developments in Semitic is the ambivalence of the reconstructed
'middle-perfect' form *ya-p-t-aras (intransitive *ya-q-t-arVb 'he is
close' and 'he got close') between the perfect and the mediopassive
perfective (cf. Bubenik 2003).
Akkadian, preterite singular
PIE, perfect singular
*-h2-e -> *-a
*-th2-e -> *-ta
*-Ø-e -> *-e