[tied] Re: Daz^bog Etymology
- On 2006-08-04 00:32, Joao S. Lopes wrote:
> Reduced form of *h1wesu- would be *h1usu-, wouldn't it?The fundamental vocalism of this adjective is long, *h1wé:su-, and
*h1wésu- is already the weak counterpart thereof. Any further reduction
is only possible in some special circumstances and need not be fully
regular. The full form of a morpheme may easily shrink beyond ordinary
ablaut reduction in the formation of compounds (many examples have been
discussed on this list); such extra shrinkage may also result in the
simplification of consonant clusters (cf. Gk. déspoina < *dems potnih2
or even ultimately something like *demh2-s pot-h1-nt-ih2), so
compositional reduction like *h1wesu- > *h1(e)su- > *(h1)su- is hardly
- Piotr Gasiorowski <gpiotr@...> wrote:On 2006-08-03 16:29, Joao S. Lopes wrote:
> Could Greek eu- good, be a merging of *h1esu- and *h1we:su- ?Or, to be more precise, *h1sú- and *h1wésu-. It could, though there
are no unambiguous traces of the expected digamma. In a few words
Greek seems to have a reflex of laryngeal-less *su- (the
simplification probably took place already in PIE before a heavy
syllable). My personal suspicion is that PIE *h1sú- represents an
irregular compositional reduction (the "weak form") of *h1wé(:)su-, so
the two roots are ultimately the same.
____________________Any idea what *dus- might be a reduction of?Andrew
- --- In email@example.com, "Joao S. Lopes" <josimo70@...> wrote:
> Greek eao:n < *wesawo- ?
> Piotr Gasiorowski <gpiotr@...> escreveu:
On 2006-08-03 02:39, Joao S. Lopes wrote:
> > Which is the current analysis of vasu-?
> *h1wé:su (*h1wésw-) 'good'.
I'd say that the pair * (wàT- / waTz,ú- "be / good")
became PIE *wèf- / wets,ú- with an analogical *wefs,ú-
formed as an alternative. Then sound changes created
wèf- be (located)