[XTalk] Tucker's questions
- On March 28, 2000 Brian Tucker asked:1. What kind of support is there on this list for corporate authorship?
2. What would a cultivated and controlled formation and transmission be?
3. What are preformed traditions?
As to 1, sveral expansions in Markan material reflect contributions arrived at through discussion before publication. The Gerasene Demoniac story is a prime example. Originally, and within the context of the Boat Source upon which "Mark" drew, the story simply told of the surprising cure of a demon-possessed victim. Jesus was seen by the disciples seated in quiet conversation with the "weild" man. But the story has been expanded by introducing the name "Legion" and the stuff about casting "these" unclean spirits into a herd of swine who tumbled into the sea. This addition politicized the whole event. It now became the destruction of Roman "swine," not the original emphasis at all. So *expansion* by audience participation before the Gospel was released to redacting hands.In this particulat case, the "preformed tradition" is discernable from the liturgical context of Mark's Boat Source. This "tradition" had its appropriate place in *haggadoth* narrating stages in Rosh Hashana worship as people presented their votive offerings in the New Year "accounting." Other elements in the Boat Source rehearsals were: the Feeding of a multitude (5000), Healing of a Woman with a Hemorhage, and Deliverance of the Twelve in their "ship" from a storm at sea. The Psalmnic precedents for the Boat Source were in Ps.107.1-32. Why, even the High Priest's "call to Israel" of Ps.107.1-3 is echoed in Mk.3.7-12 as Jesus "withdrew to the sea" followed by a great multitude from Galilee, Judea, Jerusalem, Idumea and from beyond Jordan and Tyre and Sidon (i.e., from north to south and east to west).One of the astonishing weaknesses of Gospel interpretation is that scholars ignore the fact that Jews worshiped God (and still do). There are a number of Psalmnic allusions undergirding Gospel tradtition which emerged from just such liturgical practices as I have outlined abovePhilip B. Lewis, HR, Presbytery of Plains & PeaksCottonwood, AZ