Re: Jesus and the Twelve
- <<All the bits about "hearts hardened" mention only "disciples." The
once they are introduced into the text (and 6:7-13 is a manifest
interpolation; see my SBL handout from last Nov), are consistently held in
Apostolic tradition also holds them in honor, and attributes some
interesting documents to them collectively, among them the Didache. By the
late 1c, to be Apostolic was to be authentic, whence the spurious Petrine
literature, to mention nothing else. Mark's attitude toward the Twelve,
though much earlier than this theologically, is not fundamentally
James and John get it spectacularly wrong in 10:35-45, Peter in 8:29-35.
In 9:2-13, they completely misunderstand. In 14:33-42 they all fall asleep.
Peter denies Jesus three times. By the end of the book, they've all run
away. Only the women remain with Jesus, and they're scared to tell anyone what
they saw at the tomb. Is that really such a positive portrayal? Or is Mark
saying to his audience, 'The Twelve got it wrong, and that's why the
Jerusalem people never understood. I'm giving you the correct story now'?
Subsequent Gospels obviously rehabilitate them, and later tradition
continues that. But that has nothing to do with Mark.
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