Knowledge of Hebrew Among Gentiles
- Does anyone know, or know where the issue is discussed, how many people who
did not come from a Jewish or Samaritan background knew Hebrew in the
centuries immediately before and after Jesus? Origen learned it. Was he
unique or highly unusual in that respect?
Kenneth A. Olson
MA, History, University of Maryland
PhD Student, Religion, Duke University
- Perhaps the first article of these:
C.J. Elliott, "Hebrew Learning Among the Fathers" Dictionary of Christian
Biography 863-4; Hugo Gressman, "Juedisch-Aramaeisches bei Epiphanius," ZNW
16 (1915) 191-7; Juergen Dummer, "Die Sprachkenntnisse des Epiphanius," Die
Araber in der alten Welt, 5/1, 392-435 (F. Altheim ed., 1968); M.A. Levy,
"Bemerkungen zu den arabischen Analekten des Herrn Prof. Hitzig," ZDMG 12
(1958) 712; Ignaz Stern, "Elischa nd Elxai," Ben Chanania [Szsgedin] (1858)
35-7; William Adler, review of Panarion part 1 trans. by F. Williams,
JSPseudepigrapha 3 (1988) 101-4; J. Mordtmann "Dusares bei Epiphanius,"
ZDMG 29 (1875) 492-3; on Arabic cf. Haer. 58.1.2; M. Sprengling's intro in
J. Dean ed./trans. of Epiphanius Weights and Measures, Syriac version
(Chicago, 1935); R. Pritz, Nazarene Jewish Christianity, 49; J. M. Lieu,
"Epiphanius on the Scribes and Pharisees," JTS 39 (1988) 509-24.