Re: [XTalk] Re: Why Luke? Two early 'witnesses' of Farrer's theory?
John uses the older gospels creatively. In the passion story he is intent on
having Jesus crucified on Nisan 14, the day pashal lambs were slaughtered in
the temple. Why he did this deviating from the synoptic gospels is a long
and involved story which I pursued extensively in my book, the Open Tomb.
Briefly, under King Herod Agrippa I (40-44) the festival calendar was
probably altered. According to the priestly calendar the first day of the
fifty days of Pentecost should always fall on a Sunday (Lev 23,15). The
Pharisees opted for Nisan 16, the day after Pasasover.
In John's calendar John meets the requirement of both. He has the open tomb
story on the Sunday after Pesach. And he has the story on Nisan 16, the
Pharisaic calendar that had become official in the synagogue since Agrippa
I. John wrote a 'spiritual' gospel and he looked for a compromise in this
matter of the 'Passover of the ioudaioi'.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Bob MacDonald" <bobmacdonald@...>
Sent: Monday, May 10, 2004 2:26 AM
Subject: RE: [XTalk] Re: Why Luke? Two early 'witnesses' of Farrer's theory?
> Karel wrote Again there is more to say on John's knowledge
> and deliberately commenting on Mark, Matthew and Luke.
> If John knew the other gospels as well as you imply - to be
> able to summarize them in a sentence or two - not an
> impossibility in a culture that had no TV, then there must
> be other hints perhaps especially in the Passion story that
> is so extensively shared among the four, but also
> structurally in the unique pericopae in John, that John has
> taken the synoptic witness for granted and is grounding his
> poetry in a known universe.
> This is a consequence to your thesis that demands followup.
> Has anyone done this yet?
> (Curious that John passes over Peter's weeping bitterly, but
> that Bach had to include this in his Passion according to St
> John - one of the more challenging melismas for the tenor.)
> Bob MacDonald
> Victoria, B.C., Canada
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