At 07:23 PM 12/3/2003 +0000, Brian wrote:
>...It is always possible that Matthew, Luke (or even Q, if it existed)
>knew of the Qumran community and its theology, and more specifically,
>of scrolls like 4Q521. But the first question we need to ask is
>whether or not we even need to posit such knowledge, or if we can
>find sufficient links to the LXX to make such knowledge unnecessary.
>Texts like Daniel 12:2 and Isaiah 26:19 already establish that there
>was an expectation that the Messianic Age would include a general
>resurrection of the dead. Isaiah 11 tells us there will be an end to
>suffering and death, and again likewise in chapter 25. Thus, all
>will be healed, no one will suffer or die, and by these signs the
>people will know that the Messiah has come. The challenge for Luke
>and the other evangelists was to show how Jesus had fulfilled these
>expectations. There is no need for a reading of 4Q521 to know this
>by either Matthew or Luke. They can get it from Isaiah....
What Wise, Abegg & Cook say about 4Q521, after quoting Matthew 11:2-5, is
"This account of Jesus' response to the Baptist (see also Luke 7:22)
parallels the Dead Sea Scrolls' [4Q521] in a remarkable way. Both the
Gospels and this scroll presuppose that during the age of the messiah, the
dead will be resurrected, either by God himself or through his messianic
agent. Yet nowhere in the Old Testament do we read of this belief."
Evidently, they see important differences in the OT texts you cite when
compared with these later sources.
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