22492Re: [XTalk] Kee on Synagogues
- Dec 2, 2007At 06:50 PM 12/2/2007, Jeffrey B. Gibson wrote:
>If anyone here has access to the online NTS and is willing to down loadJeffrey,
>some articles for me, I'd be grateful to receive the following articles
>by H.C. Kee on Synagogues:
>"The transformation of the synagogue after 70 CE : its import for early
>Christianity" New Testament Studies 36 (1990) 1-24.
>"The Changing Meaning of Synagogue : A response to Richard Oster.
>New Testament Studies 40 (1994) 281-283.
>"Defining the First-Century CE Synagogue : Problems and Progress",
>New Testament Studies 41 (1995) 481-500.
>as well as the one by Richard Oster that Kee replies to:
>"Supposed anachronism in Luke-Acts' use of synagoge : a rejoinder to H C
>Kee," New Testament Studies 39 (1993) 178-208.
>I'd also be interested in hearing what List Members think about the
>cogency of, and the assumptions behind, the claim that Robert Price
>makes in his _Deconstructing Jesus_ that the stories in the Gospels
>about Jesus in synagogues cannot be historical since for the gospel
>authors SUNAGWGE means a building and there's no archaeological
>evidence for synagogue buildings in Galilee before the second century:
> Then there are broader historical anachronisms that seem to
> vitiate the gospel controversy stories: Generally, the whole
> depiction of Jesus preaching in "their" synagogues is
> anachronistic, as there were virtually no synagogue buildings
> in Galilee till late in the first century C.E., after the
> flight of Pharisees and other refugees into Galilee (which
> "hated the Torah"). Luke even has a Gentile (a clone of his
> Cornelius character, Acts 10:1-4ff.) praised for bankrolling
> the construction of one synagogue (Luke 7:5). Apologist Howard
> Clark Kee admits this one is a problem but maintains that,
> otherwise, in gospel usage "synagogue" need mean no more than
> "assembly" or "meeting." But is this really likely? Mark has
> Jesus stop preaching "in" synagogues because the crowds are
> too large, presumably, for buildings to accommodate. Hence he
> assembles the Jews at the seaside or in the open. Would there
> be "rulers of the synagogue," like Jairus, if the synagogue in
> view were merely someone's porch? How about "the seat of
> Moses" and the "chief seats in the synagogues" in Matt. 23:2,
> 6? Just someone's Naugahyde couch?
>(If you are interested in seeing what I make of it -- and how I've been
>dealt with because of what I've noted -- go to the discussion of Price's
>claim on the Internet Infidels Discussion Board of that you'll find
FWIW, have you taken a look at Shaye J.D. Cohen's From the Maccabees to the
Mishnah (1987), pp. 111-115, section titled "Synagogues"?
University of Hawaii
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