22491Kee on Synagogues
- Dec 2, 2007If anyone here has access to the online NTS and is willing to down load
some articles for me, I'd be grateful to receive the following articles
by H.C. Kee on Synagogues:
"The transformation of the synagogue after 70 CE : its import for early
Christianity" New Testament Studies 36 (1990) 1-24.
"The Changing Meaning of Synagogue : A response to Richard Oster.
New Testament Studies 40 (1994) 281-283.
"Defining the First-Century CE Synagogue : Problems and Progress",
New Testament Studies 41 (1995) 481-500.
as well as the one by Richard Oster that Kee replies to:
"Supposed anachronism in Luke-Acts' use of synagoge : a rejoinder to H C
Kee," New Testament Studies 39 (1993) 178-208.
I'd also be interested in hearing what List Members think about the
cogency of, and the assumptions behind, the claim that Robert Price
makes in his _Deconstructing Jesus_ that the stories in the Gospels
about Jesus in synagogues cannot be historical since for the gospel
authors SUNAGWGE means a building and there's no archaeological
evidence for synagogue buildings in Galilee before the second century:
Then there are broader historical anachronisms that seem to
vitiate the gospel controversy stories: Generally, the whole
depiction of Jesus preaching in "their" synagogues is
anachronistic, as there were virtually no synagogue buildings
in Galilee till late in the first century C.E., after the
flight of Pharisees and other refugees into Galilee (which
"hated the Torah"). Luke even has a Gentile (a clone of his
Cornelius character, Acts 10:1-4ff.) praised for bankrolling
the construction of one synagogue (Luke 7:5). Apologist Howard
Clark Kee admits this one is a problem but maintains that,
otherwise, in gospel usage "synagogue" need mean no more than
"assembly" or "meeting." But is this really likely? Mark has
Jesus stop preaching "in" synagogues because the crowds are
too large, presumably, for buildings to accommodate. Hence he
assembles the Jews at the seaside or in the open. Would there
be "rulers of the synagogue," like Jairus, if the synagogue in
view were merely someone's porch? How about "the seat of
Moses" and the "chief seats in the synagogues" in Matt. 23:2,
6? Just someone's Naugahyde couch?
(If you are interested in seeing what I make of it -- and how I've been
dealt with because of what I've noted -- go to the discussion of Price's
claim on the Internet Infidels Discussion Board of that you'll find
Jeffrey B. Gibson, D.Phil. (Oxon)
1500 W. Pratt Blvd.
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