Logic and the Age of the Earth
- The Bible (in its English translations) contains hundreds of verses
with the expression "if" and "then." Biblical "if - then"
statements are related to the commonplace meaning of words and ordinary
affairs. For example, Genesis 24:8 "But if the woman is not willing to
follow you, then you will be free from this my oath; only do not take
my son back there." If the woman says no, then you are free from the
oath. Another example, if a witness refuses to publically testify to
what he has seen, then he shall be guilty (Leviticus 5:1).
Formal logic did not come into existence until Aristotle. Logical
syllogisms go back about a century. In mathematical logic, words often
have metaphysical meanings. For example, if the universe is 6,000 years
old, then its diameter cannot be greater than 6,000 light years. In
this proposition, certain metaphysical ideas are relied on without
1. Time exists, even though no one has ever detected or isolated any of
2. Time is measurable. It is pure speculation to imagine that one can
measure what one cannot detect. The Bible states that time (Hebrew
olam) is in our minds: Ecclesiastes 3:11.
3. Clocks and orbits are linear. We observe innumerable ancient atomic
clocks and star streams in billions of galaxies. No ancient galaxy
shines with the light frequencies of modern atoms. Indeed, some ancient
galaxies shone at less than 10% of the light frequencies of modern
atoms. When we observe the history of how galaxies formed, we see that
the stars accelerated outwards as naked galaxies grew into huge
growth-spirals as the light clocks also accelerated.
4. Clocks are useful for scaling meters, velocities and light years. The
suppositions that time exists, is linear and is a marker for distances
are not supported by visible cosmic history.
Let's examine the age of the earth with biblical logic, rather than
mathematical logic. Can the universe be both old in age and young in
years? If ancient days and years were vast eons and days and years
steadily accelerate, then the world would have vast age, yet few
rotations around the Sun. Jacob, in keeping with the ancient way of
thinking, said that his days and years were shorter and worse than the
days and years of his fathers. Genesis 47:9.
Are ancient calendars linear records?
The earliest calendars had 360 days with 12 - 30 day months, which is
the calendar Noah during the flood. Sometime later, nations abandoned
the 360-day calendar for one with 365 days. The lunar calendar also
changed to 12 lunations in 354 days, eleven days short of the solar
year. Priests noticed this discrepancy and adjusted their dynamic
calendars to fit the changing cycles of nature. No one in that era
could imagine that time exists or is measurable, since they adjusted
their calendars to fit the observed irregularity of heavenly events.
Our ancestors, a few hundred generations ago, mentioned catastrophic
planet passages and a planet shattering, which are also recorded in the
Bible. Indeed, we find thousands of shattered planet pieces (complete
with volcanic and sedimentary rocks) orbiting between Mars and Jupiter.
If planets passed sufficiently close, the Earth would precess during
the passage. The Sun could appear to swinging to the north and then
back to the south, as the Greeks recorded that it did when Patheon fell
and smashed towards the Baltic north. Joshua recorded that the Sun
delayed in Gibeon and the Moon persisted over the valley of Ajalon. The
earliest record of a planet's orbit, the Venus Tablets of
Ammizaduga, record a synodic cycle remarkably different from the modern
Venusian orbit. The tablet record suggests a much smaller solar system.
For two thousand years, astronomers measured, with angles, a decreasing
solar parallax, as though the solar system was gradually expanding. The
solar parallax has continued to decrease even since the 1960's when the
canonical AU was established by means of clocks and radar.
The ancients recorded that the patriarchs lived for vast ages. Job even
explained that the sea (Hebrew west) dried as a marker for the brevity
of life during the dinosaur age (Job 14). Indeed, drill cores confirm
that the Mediterranean dried eight times, leaving thick deposits of
plankton alternating with layers of rock salt, stromatolite and gypsum.
Job mentioned how their faces (paniym) doubled (shama) before they
died. If we lived for geological eons, our skulls would grow
Neanderthal brows. Our grandchildren, however, would have more modern
faces, as the fossils show. Some wag might insist that accelerating
days and years require a logical reason. The records of the ancients is
We observe that the visible properties of matter keep changing
throughout cosmic history, as one should expect from Romans 8:21 (that
the creation is enslaved to change.) We also observe, when we compare
the shape of galaxies at many ranges, that the star streams continued
to accelerate outwards as galaxies spread out and grew. It is
reasonable to accept that the visibly changing properties of matter
caused the outward accelerating orbits.
Wait, says the skeptic, even if this were to occur in galaxies, what
could cause local days and years to accelerate? We observe tides from
the Sun and Moon. If gravity is propagating at light speed, the Sun
would pull more on one hemisphere than on the other (as paraconical
pendulums confirm). This would gradually accelerate both orbits and
rotations. It would also cause all the planets to accelerate outwards,
producing a logarithmic spread, as in Titius Bode's law. The technical
name for this phenomena is gravity aberration. You don't need a
technical name. Every old person remembers that days and years were
slower during our youth.
The age of the universe is not a problem for Changing Earth
Creationists. We use biblical logic, not mathematical logic, to accept
what our ancestors recorded, what the Bible states and what we confirm
in cosmic history. Changing Earth Creationist's reject the idea
Peter predicted for the last days - the notion that all things remain
the same. Logic itself fails in a universe where every atom changes as
it ages. 1 + 1 would always equal 2, but all ancient 1's would be
unlike modern 1's. A universe where matter changes as it ages, the
cosmos could have vast age, yet the Earth could have orbited the Sun
only 6,000 times. Orbits would acclerate along with the acclerating
clocks, which is what we observe in cosmoic history.
The picture is of Kurt Godel, a mathematical logician. His fame comes
form his "proof" that any sufficiently complex system of
mathematics that starts with axioms and develops rules, must be either
incomplete or inconsistent. Furthermore, one cannot prove the system
from within itself. Creation does not use syllogisms, just Moses'
Hebrew words. His creation account is confirmed in how the stars
continued to come out from billions of ancient galaxies that were
originally compact and naked (formless and without starry appendages).
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