Photo referred to in this post is here:
William Gladstone noticed that ancient Greeks, like Homer, referred to different colors than we see. Homer wrote of the wine-dark sea, the bronze sky, wine-colored oxen and green honey. Xenophanes said the rainbow had three colors: purple, green-yellow and red. Empedocles, Democritus and the Pythagoreans thought the only colors were white, black, red and yellow. Pliny, Quintilian and Cicero wrote that until Alexander's time, the Greeks only painted with four colors. Gladstone reasoned that early Greeks were color blind. Lazarus Geiger, made a study of color references in ancient sources. He claimed that, over the centuries, languages developed a color sense in the sequence: black and white; red; yellow; green and lastly blue. A hundred years later, Brent Berlin and Paul Kay rediscovered that languages evolve as they discern colors with the sequence: black and white; red; green; yellow; blue etc.
Was the ancient sky really bronze? Prehistoric artists did not paint with blues. They used black (charcoal); white (ground calcite); red and yellow ochre. Of course the animals they painted are not blue and blue paints are hard to make. Later, during historical times, we find that the Sumerians prized lapis lazuli. The Egyptians made a bright blue cobalt glass. The Babylonian Ishtar Gate has blue tiles. Tutankhamun's death mask is made of gold and lapis lazuli.
(1) The left frame is a NASA sundial as seen under white light on Earth. (2) The next frame show the sundial in Martian daylight. (The shadow shows the Sun's angle). The blue tab looks red; green seems pink; red-brown shows as tan; tan seems yellow, gold is grey and off-white is white. We see few blues today on Mars. (The hematite blue-berries on the Martian plains are false color images to show their mineral composition. Similar hematite berries on Earth appear grey-brown.) (3) The next frame shows a sunset on Mars, as reconstituted with camera filters. The Sun is white surrounded by blue tinges but the rest of the sky is bronze. The Martian sky varies in color depending on the amount of dust in the atmosphere. (4) The right frame shows an Egyptian tomb painting from more than three thousand years ago. The sun-god Ra rides his boat across the tan sky. The sun-disk is red and the river is wine colored. The Egyptian artist used white and blue in the picture, but not for the Sun's disk or the sky's color.
Today, we see a light blue sky and blue sea because air molecules scatter the blues and absorb the reds from white sunlight. The Martian atmosphere is thick with rusty dust that absorbs the blues and scatters the red. (1) If the Sun shone red 3,000 years ago, the ancient's could have seen a bronze sky. (2) If air molecules were smaller, they could have absorbed blues and scattered reds.
Support for reason #1. With telescopes, we see the distant past. In general, the more ancient the light spectra, the redder it is. The most-distant galaxies shine and absorb light at less than 1/10th the frequencies emitted and absorbed by modern atoms. Throughout cosmic history, we observe how the absorption and emission spectra keep shifting towards the blue.
Support for reason #2. When we compare galaxy shapes at many ranges, we observe distinct clumps coming out from point sources. Billions of galaxies intrinsically grew into local growth spirals as the space matter takes up, its inertial properties and it clock frequencies kept on changing. The visible history of how matter changes is an important element in earth history.
When modern atoms are heated, they expand and emit / absorb higher frequencies. Atomic clocks close to a large object tic at lower frequencies than those farther from the large body. The early earth evidently was a tiny planet, since the continents fit together on a tiny globe without major seas. The youngest crust lies along a global expansion seam that continues to form new sea floor. The theory that the earth swallowed two thirds of its crust is denied by the layered, undisturbed sediments in the "subduction" trenches. At least some of earth's atoms must be increasing in volume in order for the earth to grow in size. If one removes the lunar mare, the older highlands join together on a much smaller moon. Changing Earth Creationists differ from Young Earth and Old Earth creationists because we accept the visible evidence that matter is continually changing its properties.
Scientist: You are speculating with evidence from billions of years ago.
CEC: We accept what is visible, that galaxies intrinsically grew as the stars continued to accelerate outwards, the star circuits not closing as the properties of matter kept shifting. What is visible confirms Creation. God created the plural heavens and Earth first. At that stage the Earth was formless until God continued to command light to continue to be. He did not form the Sun, Moon and stars until half way through the creation week and continued to place them in the spreading place. We see that billions of galaxies started out as naked midgets. Then globs packed tightly with close together stars came out, spread out as their atomic clocks accelerated.
Scientist: We measure time and scale thousands of precision empirical units and mathematical constants from our most precise instrument, our atomic clocks. We measure the age of the universe with precision instruments.
CEC: Peter predicted the first law, arch ktiseous, of the last days as "all things remain the same - panta houtos diamenei." Peter predicted that mockers will obfuscate the age of the plural heavens with this idea. That is what you are doing. You assumed that atoms are perpetual motion engines. You measure things that only exist in the symbolical world of mathematical reality. No wonder your universe is 99% invisible. You speculate that the vacuum of space time spreads out and stretches passing light. No one has ever observed a spreading vacuum or light changing frequency as it passes through a void. What is visible is that matter is always shifting its properties throughout cosmic history. The clocks on the Pioneer spacecraft, accelerated their rates relative to NASA's hydrogen maser clocks of the moment at the Hubble ratio. You use this Hubble ratio to estimate galactic distances using the wavelength of ancient light.
Our ancestors claimed close planet passages and the shattering of a nearby planet a few thousand years ago, events the Bible also mentions. Job described the geological ages that passed during the few days of their lives during the dinosaur age. He explained how their faces changed before they died. Our skulls are the only part of our skeleton that keeps growing as we age. If we lived for geological ages, our faces would grow Neanderthal. However, our grandchildren would not have the extended brows, which is what the fossil record shows. So where do you get evidence for atomic perpetual motion or linear orbits? We have no problem with bronze skies a few thousand years ago because we observe that everything changes, which is why we call ourselves Changing Earth Creationists.