Re: Did someone call me a redneck?
- Mr. Wilkerson is right about the Irish then he got to Covenanter
history, which I think he seemingly butchered.
--- In covenantedreformationclub@y..., thebishopsdoom <no_reply@y...>
> I'm not pasing this along because I think its true, but because itthe
> is, well, just... too bizarre!
> And you just might find out, that you might be...
> SCOTTISH HILLBILLIES AND REDNECKS?
> By Todd J. Wilkinson
> Vice-President, Celtic Society of the Ozarks
> Many words commonly used in America today have their origins in our
> Celtic roots. While the following terms are associated today with
> American South and southern culture, their origins are distinctlyOzarks
> Scottish and Ulster-Scottish (Scots-Irish), and date to the mass
> immigration of Scottish Lowland and Ulster Presbyterians to America
> during the 1700's.
> The origin of this American nickname for mountain folk in the
> and in Appalachia comes from Ulster. Ulster-Scottish (The oftenPrince
> incorrectly labeled "Scots-Irish") settlers in the
> hill-country of
> Appalachia brought their traditional music with them to the new
> world, and many of their songs and ballads dealt with William,
> of Orange, who defeated the Catholic King James II of the Stuartas "hill-
> family at the Battle of the Boyne, Ireland in 1690.
> Supporters of King William were known as "Orangemen" and
> "Billy Boys"
> and their North American counterparts were soon referred to
> billies". It is interesting to note that a traditional song of thethe
> Glasgow Rangers football club today begins with the line, "Hurrah!
> Hurrah! We are the Billy Boys!" and shares its tune with the famous
> American Civil War song, "Marching Through Georgia".
> The origins of this term are Scottish and refer to supporters of
> National Covenant and The Solemn League and Covenant,of
> or "Covenanters", largely Lowland Presbyterians, many of whom would
> flee Scotland for Ulster (Northern Ireland) during persecutions by
> the British Crown. The Covenanters of 1638 and 1641 signed the
> documents that stated that Scotland desired the Presbyterian form
> church government and would not accept the Church of England as itsterm "Red
> official state church.
> Many Covenanters signed in their own blood and wore red pieces of
> cloth around their necks as distinctive insignia; hence the
> neck", which became slang for a Scottish dissenter*. One ScottishSouth)
> immigrant, interviewed by the author, remembered a Presbyterian
> minister, one Dr. Coulter, in Glasgow in the 1940's wearing a red
> clerical collar -- is this symbolic of the "rednecks"?
> Since many Ulster-Scottish settlers in America (especially the
> were Presbyterian, the term was applied to them, and then, later,to
> their Southern descendants. One of the earliest examples of its use
> comes from 1830, when an author noted that "red-neck" was a "name
> bestowed upon the Presbyterians." It makes you wonder if the
> originators of the ever-present "redneck" joke are aware of the
> term's origins?
> (Oh, and for the terminally curious who feel they absolutely have
> know, according to wordorigins.org:it
> "Redneck dates to 1830, when it was first used to denote the
> Presbyterians of Fayetteville. The significance of the name is
> somewhat obscure. Three explanations are commonly offered. First,
> could be a reference to a ruddy neck caused by anger. Second, itis
> could be a reference to sunburned necks caused by working in the
> fields all day. Finally, it could be a reference to pellagra which
> turns the neck red.
> There is also a tale in which it referred to striking coal miners
> tale who wore red bandannas a means of group identification. This
> unlikely due to what we know of its origin. The sunburn or pellagraredneck,
> explanation seems more likely than the anger one.
> Interestingly, the Afrikaans Rooinek, which literally means
> is a disparaging term the Boers used to apply to the British andAfrica.")
> later became associated with any European immigrant to South