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Re: Cramner

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  • thebishopsdoom
    Quatch asked: I looked at the 39 Articles, and was quite pleased with most of it. I heard that Thomas Cramner wrote the Book of CP. Is that true? How Reformed
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 3, 2001
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      Quatch asked: "I looked at the 39 Articles, and
      was quite pleased with most of it. I heard that
      Thomas Cramner wrote the Book of CP. Is that true? How
      Reformed / Calvinistic was Cramner? Anyone of you
      historical theologians could give me a run down on Cramner's
      theological position on say, freewill and other
      issues?"<br>Cranmer, archbishop of Canterbury 1533-1553 (born 1489)
      was burned at the stake by Queen Mary (Saturday 21st
      March, 1556). He signed a recantation to save his life
      after imprisonment in 1555 (Latimer and Ridley went to
      the stake). Plagued by his decision, Mary further
      desired he end the reformation by publically recanting in
      front of his congregation. On the day required, he
      preached instead in favor of further reform. He ended
      with: "As for the Pope I denounce him as the antichrist
      with all his false doctrines." He came willingly to
      the stake, which he kissed. He also placed his hand
      such as to be certain the first to be destroyed by the
      flames would be the hand that he used to sign his prior
      recantation. Among his reforms: the communion service was
      simplified; the number of candles on the altar was reduced;
      stone altars were replaced by wooden tables; he
      compiled prayer books in English (1549, 1552); he was
      responsible for the Great Bible (1538); and the 39 Articles
      of the Church of England. His attempts at reform
      began to be implemented under Edward VI, though in some
      ways unsuccessfully insofar as many of the commons
      were at best apathetic to the changes, and a number of
      priests still supported Romanist views. Edward was
      followed by Mary, and then by a protestant, Elizabeth, who
      nevertheless was not so favourable to all of the reforms
      sought as Edward was.<br>Cranmer, as an earlier Anglican
      reformer, was weaker on a few issues that had not yet been
      so fully worked out among the reformed Anglicans in
      his day. Worship was one of the issues. While it was
      true that Cranmer's attempt to revise the Anglican
      prayer book was noble, and in its attempts, it was good
      insofar as it began purging out some things which were
      beginning to be understood as corruptions that had evolved
      over the development of popery, which may in fact have
      had good intentions at first, not having been worked
      out and understood so fully as to see the
      implications of such things and why they ought not to be. As
      such, there were those who advanced that the taking
      away of the common prayer book was to step backwards
      into popery (so the bishops would have it) when the
      church underwent presbyterial reforms in the 1640s,
      which were stopped by the actions of the military coup
      against parliament by a certain Oliver Cromwell. You may
      see what the presbyterians thought of the common
      prayer book here:
      <a href=http://www.geocities.com/a_covenanter/worship/reasons_against_book_of_common_prayer.html target=new>http://www.geocities.com/a_covenanter/worship/reasons_against_book_of_common_pra
      yer.html</a><br>It should also be noted that they, undertsanding the
      times to which Cranmer lived, and how far that church
      had just begun attempting to shake off corruption,
      with much not yet looked into, do not condemn Cranmer
      for his prayerbook, but rather see it as the
      beginnings of a reform that had not yet come to greater
      light. Problems in the prayerbook led to churches
      finding ways to retain elements of romanism and
      eventually probably aided the development of
      Anglo-Catholicism.<br>As to the 39 Articles. They are Calvinistic, though
      many have attempted to avoid the Calvinism of the 39
      Articles, putting an arminian spin upon them. After the
      swearing of the SL&C, British Parliament, longing for
      reforms in the Church of England, set out to revise the
      39 Articles and presbyterianize the Anglican church.
      See here:
      <a href=http://www.covenanter.org/Parliament/parliamenthome.htm target=new>http://www.covenanter.org/Parliament/parliamenthome.htm</a><br>This resulted in the convening of the Westminster
      Assembly (many forget that this was an assembly
      predominantly of and f
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