Adam violated the Covenant of Works
- Knoxknox,<br><br>I've not read Vincent's
exposition of the Larger Catechism, but I can offer this --
A Confession of Faith has been handed down to us
which guards us from error if we do not stray from it.
Consider (especially section #2 below):<br><br>Chapter
VII.-Of God's Covenant with Man.<br><br>I. The distance
between God and the creature is so great, that although
reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their
Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as
their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary
condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to
express by way of covenant[a]. <br><br>II. The first
covenant made with man was a covenant of works[b], wherein
life was promised to Adam, and in him to his
posterity[c], upon condition of perfect and personal
obedience[d]. <br><br>III. Man by his fall having made himself
incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to
make a second[e], commonly called the Covenant of
Grace: whereby he freely offereth unto sinners life and
salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him,
that they may be saved[f]; and promising to give unto
all those that are ordained unto life his Holy
Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe[g].
<br><br>IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in
the scripture by the name of a Testament, in
reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to
the everlasting inheritance, with all things
belonging to it, therein bequeathed[h]. <br><br>V. This
covenant was differently administered in the time of the
law, and in the time of the gospel[i]; under the law
it was administered by promises, prophecies,
sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types
and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews,
all foresignifying Christ to come[k], which were for
that time sufficient and efficacious, through the
operation of the spirit, to instruct and build up the elect
in faith in the promised Messiah[l], by whom they
had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation;
and is called the Old Testament[m]. <br><br>VI. Under
the gospel, when Christ the substance[n] was
exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is
dispensed are the preaching of the word, and the
administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's
Supper[o], which, though fewer in number, and administered
with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in
them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and
spiritual efficacy[p], to all nations, both Jews and
Gentiles[q]; and is called the New Testament[r]. There are not
therefore two covenants of grace differing in substance,
but one and the same under various dispensations[s].
<br><br>(a) Isa. 40:13-17; Job 9:32,33; 1 Sam. 2:25; Ps.
113:5,6; Ps. 100:2,3; Job 22:2,3; Job 30:7,8; Luke 17:10;
Acts 17:24,25. <br><br>(b) Gal. 3:12. <br><br>(c) Rom.
10:5; Rom. 5:12-20. <br><br>(d) Gen. 2:17; Gal. 3:10.
<br><br>(e) Gal. 3:21; Rom. 8:3; Rom. 3:20,21; Gen. 3:15;
Isa. 42:6. <br><br>(f) Mark 16:15,16; John 3:16; Rom.
10:6,9; Gal. 3:11. <br><br>(g) Ezek. 36:26,27; John
6:44,45. <br><br>(h) Heb. 9:15-17; Heb. 7:22; Luke 22:20;
1 Cor. 11:25. <br><br>(i) 2 Cor. 3:6-9. <br><br>(k)
Heb. chapters 8,9,10; Rom. 4:11; Col. 2:11,12; 1 Cor.
5:7. <br><br>(l) 1 Cor. 10:1-3; Heb. 11:13; John 8:56.
<br><br>(m) Gal. 3:7-9,14. <br><br>(n) Col. 2:17. <br><br>(o)
Matt. 28:19,20; 1 Cor. 11:23-25. <br><br>(p) Heb.
12:22-27; Jer. 31:33,34. <br><br>(q) Matt. 28:19; Eph.
2:15-19. <br><br>(r) Luke 22:20. <br><br>(s) Gal. 3:14,16;
Acts 15:11; Rom. 3:21-23,30; Ps. 32:1 with Rom.
4:3,6,16,17,23,24; Heb. 13:8. <br><br>I'm not sure that Vincent,
according to your discription, is stepping outside the
confines of our Confession, but certainly the idea that
Adam did not violate the Covenant of Works but the
Covenant of Grace does.<br><br>gmw.