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Adam violated the Covenant of Works

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  • raging_calvinist
    Knoxknox, I ve not read Vincent s exposition of the Larger Catechism, but I can offer this -- A Confession of Faith has been handed down to us which
    Message 1 of 1 , Dec 3, 2001
      Knoxknox,<br><br>I've not read Vincent's
      exposition of the Larger Catechism, but I can offer this --
      A Confession of Faith has been handed down to us
      which guards us from error if we do not stray from it.
      Consider (especially section #2 below):<br><br>Chapter
      VII.-Of God's Covenant with Man.<br><br>I. The distance
      between God and the creature is so great, that although
      reasonable creatures do owe obedience unto him as their
      Creator, yet they could never have any fruition of him as
      their blessedness and reward, but by some voluntary
      condescension on God's part, which he hath been pleased to
      express by way of covenant[a]. <br><br>II. The first
      covenant made with man was a covenant of works[b], wherein
      life was promised to Adam, and in him to his
      posterity[c], upon condition of perfect and personal
      obedience[d]. <br><br>III. Man by his fall having made himself
      incapable of life by that covenant, the Lord was pleased to
      make a second[e], commonly called the Covenant of
      Grace: whereby he freely offereth unto sinners life and
      salvation by Jesus Christ, requiring of them faith in him,
      that they may be saved[f]; and promising to give unto
      all those that are ordained unto life his Holy
      Spirit, to make them willing and able to believe[g].
      <br><br>IV. This covenant of grace is frequently set forth in
      the scripture by the name of a Testament, in
      reference to the death of Jesus Christ the testator, and to
      the everlasting inheritance, with all things
      belonging to it, therein bequeathed[h]. <br><br>V. This
      covenant was differently administered in the time of the
      law, and in the time of the gospel[i]; under the law
      it was administered by promises, prophecies,
      sacrifices, circumcision, the paschal lamb, and other types
      and ordinances delivered to the people of the Jews,
      all foresignifying Christ to come[k], which were for
      that time sufficient and efficacious, through the
      operation of the spirit, to instruct and build up the elect
      in faith in the promised Messiah[l], by whom they
      had full remission of sins, and eternal salvation;
      and is called the Old Testament[m]. <br><br>VI. Under
      the gospel, when Christ the substance[n] was
      exhibited, the ordinances in which this covenant is
      dispensed are the preaching of the word, and the
      administration of the sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's
      Supper[o], which, though fewer in number, and administered
      with more simplicity and less outward glory, yet in
      them it is held forth in more fulness, evidence, and
      spiritual efficacy[p], to all nations, both Jews and
      Gentiles[q]; and is called the New Testament[r]. There are not
      therefore two covenants of grace differing in substance,
      but one and the same under various dispensations[s].
      <br><br>(a) Isa. 40:13-17; Job 9:32,33; 1 Sam. 2:25; Ps.
      113:5,6; Ps. 100:2,3; Job 22:2,3; Job 30:7,8; Luke 17:10;
      Acts 17:24,25. <br><br>(b) Gal. 3:12. <br><br>(c) Rom.
      10:5; Rom. 5:12-20. <br><br>(d) Gen. 2:17; Gal. 3:10.
      <br><br>(e) Gal. 3:21; Rom. 8:3; Rom. 3:20,21; Gen. 3:15;
      Isa. 42:6. <br><br>(f) Mark 16:15,16; John 3:16; Rom.
      10:6,9; Gal. 3:11. <br><br>(g) Ezek. 36:26,27; John
      6:44,45. <br><br>(h) Heb. 9:15-17; Heb. 7:22; Luke 22:20;
      1 Cor. 11:25. <br><br>(i) 2 Cor. 3:6-9. <br><br>(k)
      Heb. chapters 8,9,10; Rom. 4:11; Col. 2:11,12; 1 Cor.
      5:7. <br><br>(l) 1 Cor. 10:1-3; Heb. 11:13; John 8:56.
      <br><br>(m) Gal. 3:7-9,14. <br><br>(n) Col. 2:17. <br><br>(o)
      Matt. 28:19,20; 1 Cor. 11:23-25. <br><br>(p) Heb.
      12:22-27; Jer. 31:33,34. <br><br>(q) Matt. 28:19; Eph.
      2:15-19. <br><br>(r) Luke 22:20. <br><br>(s) Gal. 3:14,16;
      Acts 15:11; Rom. 3:21-23,30; Ps. 32:1 with Rom.
      4:3,6,16,17,23,24; Heb. 13:8. <br><br>I'm not sure that Vincent,
      according to your discription, is stepping outside the
      confines of our Confession, but certainly the idea that
      Adam did not violate the Covenant of Works but the
      Covenant of Grace does.<br><br>gmw.
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