Re: [Covenanted Reformation] Re: Historic Presbypics
- Dear Riley;
Do you know who your session is descended from, in the sense of what part of
the Church, during the times of Cameron? This is an important question, for
if they stood not with Cameron during that time, they would need to repent
publicly for the sins against Christ and brethern ...you must understand
this already, from your studies right? I mean the principle found over and
over in scripture of those confessing the sins of their forefathers. My
elders were faced with this when they first became aware of that great wrong
done three hundred years ago.
It would be most wonderful if your session would study this, and come to
love the reformers as you seem to.
But Riley, if you continue in the way you are going, and your session does
not follow in agreement with you. You'll find you'll be at a cross road of
decision just like Cameron and Cargill came to. You'll have to leave your
session, or continue to be a part of that compromise.
Anyway, I'm sure some of the men on the list could give a better account for
what should be done and said on this topic.
Riley, by the Lord's mercy, may no wavering be found in you or I !
Peace be to the brethern, and love with faith, from God the Father and the
Lord Jesus Christ, Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ
in sicerity, Amen.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Dan Fraas" <fraasrd@...>
Sent: Tuesday, August 31, 2004 10:00 PM
Subject: [Covenanted Reformation] Re: Historic Presbypics
> --- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "Soles"
> <dsranch@y...> wrote:
> > Riley this is very good that you found the whole to be agreeable.
> > And please understand that I'm not trying to catch you out or
> anything with
> > this next question. Would your session be in total agreement with
> the paper?
> Of course I can't say for sure. I know they would agree with a great
> deal of it. Our pastor has briefly used Cameron's story (and those
> of other covenanters) to illustrate some of the truths of Scripture
> in his sermons. He's also preached on the biblical model of
> presbyterial church government as a divine ordinance. So I believe
> our session would find a great deal of agreement with this article.
> I've never discussed with them the proper grounds and justification
> for resisting the civil power by force, but I know at least our
> pastor thinks it can be justified in some cases. In discussing the
> original Westminster Confession, chap 23, section 3 it seems from
> talking to each of our elders that they would agree with me in
> preferring the original to the revised portion from the American
> However I will say that as far as politics go it's not something that
> our session ever brings up in a teaching setting, except to exhort us
> not to put our hope in governments on earth or human politicians, but
> to seek a better country and to be prepared to endure persecution if
> and when it comes. I'd say there's a general feeling that our
> original US constitution has flaws but its a moot point to debate
> about the civil laws when we can't even get the politicians to follow
> the laws that are written.
> Blessings in Christ,
> > Thanks for responding so quickly.
> > ~Cathie~
> > ----- Original Message -----
> > From: "Dan Fraas" <fraasrd@y...>
> > To: <email@example.com>
> > Sent: Tuesday, August 31, 2004 8:11 PM
> > Subject: [Covenanted Reformation] Re: Historic Presbypics
> > >
> > > > So now, I'll just ask you if you are in agreement with the paper
> > > that
> > > > Cargill and Cameron framed?
> > > >
> > > > Titled*** The Queensferry Paper, June 4th 1680*** this can be
> > > at
> > > > http://www.truecovenanter.com/ look part way down till you see
> > > > it listed under Documents of the United Societies.
> > >
> > > Dear Cathie,
> > >
> > > Thank you for providing that great reading! I thoroughly enjoyed
> > > it. I found the whole to be agreeable.
> > >
> > > Riley
- Paul:I'm with the One Holy Catholic Apostolic Church.Is there any other?Why do you ask?Who are you with?I find that when I try to be "with" anything less than that people try to reduce me to less than that.People would prefer a more precise definition so that they can pack me up into a nice little box. They'd like me to be a Calvinist, or a Pentecostal, or an Eastern Orthodox, or a Covenanter, or an Anglican, or a Lutheran, or a "Roman" Catholic, or a Baptist, etc., etc., bam.I entered into "full communion" with Rome three years ago. I did not take this to mean that I was no longer in communion with the One Holy Catholic Apostolic Church that includes the Protestant Churches, nor did I take this step with all the finality and certitude of these evangelical converts who think that Trent had it right on justification by faith alone and so on.I had many many questions that were not fully resolved that a priest fielded for me with clarity and grace - in a three way conversation with a Lutheran seminarian as well as with a local Lutheran pastor.I was at a time in my life that I basically crawled through the doors of "mother" church. Perhaps it was an overreaction to the circumstances of my life and my own sense of panic, unresolved guilt, etc, a need for a too-easy solution to a world that was shattered and fragmented and in need of a highly rational, systematic, coherent picture of objective reality.Perhaps it was also a genuine response to God's leading through providence.I am still sorting all of this out.Theologically I was able to answer many questions that rang true at the time.Rome says that Presbyterians, Lutherans, Anglicans, etc., subsist in this Catholic church, the body of Christ. So these are all my brothers and sisters in Christ - and they are all in his church. These all affirm that they, too, are "with" the One Holy Catholic Apostolic Church (Presbyterians, Lutherans, Anglicans, etc).I've been through a great deal of confusion and free floating anxiety due to some of the circumstances I've had to deal with. I am also recovering from the grief and loss of divorce and am healing up day by day through God's love and tender mercy, as well as nature's healing processes - time heals all wounds.But if I create the impression that one day all of this is clear as a bell to me and the next day I'm in a fog, please don't scoff. Challenge my ideas, not my sanity, which is coming along quite well, thank you. God has not given us a spirit of fear, but one of power, and of love, and of a sound mind. That is my meat for the day.What I believe personally about a few doctrines that Rome holds as dogma is still being worked out in my own mind. Most of the ones that have given me problems can be answered quite simply.Is Mary the Theotokos, the God-bearer?Of course she is.Is Mary's name to be exalted as "blessed" throughout all generations? The scripture says this is so - it is a prophetic word spoken by a Hebrew prophetess, Miriam, the mother of our Lord.Who honors this prophecy - who has brought this prophecy to fruition on a day-to- day basis down through the centuries? Who exalts the name of Mary in practice, as a matter of respect and importance?Is it through Mary's "yes" that we have a Savior?Beyond dispute.Is Mary the mother of God?According to the ecumencial council that Calvinists, Lutherans, Anglicans, affirm, yes she is. She gave birth to God in human form.Is she the Queen mother of the church?She is the mother of our Lord, the crown prince of peace, the King of Kings and Lord of Lords.She was given by Christ as mother to the church through John the beloved disciple at his hour of need and extremity - and as a consolation to her even as an excruciating sword passed through her traumatized soul.St. Paul said to give honor where honor is due.The Apostolic Catholic church does just that.Can her intercessions with Christ move the Lord to act on behalf of the needy and the joyless? Can her prayers make a festive Christian out of a kill-joy sour-puss at a Wedding Feast?Some wonders never cease to amaze!According to John's gospel so be it! That message was not just intended for our historical interest, it was the first of Christ's "signs."What, then, does it signify?The signs of Christ are significant for all times and all places, not just the first century in which he walked the earth.Christ not only responds to human need - he responds to his mother even when the request seems misplaced and ill-timed. That's at least one of the things that this "sign" signifies.A prayer request among fellow Christians is not anything like worship toward God. It is part of our Christian life, a request for prayer among fellow believers, and if Mary is the Queen mother of believers, then she is sitting in the catbird seat, in pretty close proximity to the crowned prince - remember, she waits on him - she has no power over his will. At the wedding feast the best she could do was drop a very feminine hint - here's the need, buster, now is there any Son of Man around here, a would-be Messiah, a Son of God, to take care of it for all these good people?She could not order that the water be turned to wine. Yet with the mere mention of a need, she has the Lord's ear.She does not boss Christ around. She drops hints. Offers suggestions, and then tells the servants to do as he says. She's pretty confident that her suggestions will receive some divine attention.The body of Christ is one, on earth and in heaven, and is composed of the triumphant no less than the militant saints. They all function as part of the one body of Christ -"But speaking the truth in love, (we) may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ: From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying itself in love." (Ephesians 4.15 - 16).Even on earth we are seated with Christ in heavenly places (Ephesians) -That was the whole point of Calvin's doctrine of the Lord's Supper.Wasn't it?When we share our prayer requests with each other we are doing God's will "on earth as it is in heaven." Christ is not some ego-maniacal crank who can't stand seeing his people cooperating with each other and helping each other out and bearing one another's burdens and sharing each other's prayer requests - or honoring his mother with the respect that is due her.I doubt if he minds if we ask saints in heaven to pray for us. Christ is divine in all his members - each divinized member presents a different facet of Christ's full blown human nature, which bears and absorbs and liquidates sin in its members (the blood of Christ cleanses us from all unrighteousness).If I ask you to pray for me, does that mean I don't trust Jesus as the one mediator between God and man? The head mediates through his entire body, on earth as it is in heaven. This is all that prayer to the saints means to me.All of the above I can concede.Is the Pope Catholic?He is solicitous toward the entire church on earth.Can anyone deny that?I have very strong proclivities, very strong sympathies, toward the Reformers, especially with Luther, and with Lutherans and with Presbyterians, which is where I come from. Because we have religious freedom in this country and a great deal of pluralism there is no one standing at the front of our churches with both arms folded, nor in front of the altars asking for name, rank, and serial number, so I am not kicked out of my Presbyterian Church when I attend with my parents, even though I was confirmed in full communion with Rome three years ago. I grew up in a church where all believing Christians from any background were invited to the Lord's table, and this is a deeply held conviction with me. There is no franchise, or corner, on the Lord's body and blood, or on faith in his name. His Spirit is free and cannot be roped off or boxed in - or controlled by men posing as sargeants-at-arms for Jesus. Like Minister Farrakhan's grim faced body-guards.Christ is not bought and sold and faith in Christ should not be coerced.Nor should those who have faith in Christ be excluded from the table in any church that professes the universal creeds.Where Rome disagrees with me on this matter I simply thumb my nose beneath my breath.I attend Catholic churches the same reason a bee attends to his nourishment.I'll take what I need and need and fly off by God's free spirit (Acts 8.34 - 40).What nourishes me will nourish also the entire body of Christ, and it will be salutory also for those who benefit from my growth in grace, in knowledge, in wisdom, in the love and the fear of the Lord and respect for, and kindness to, my neighbors.I have attended Lutheran churches and taken communion - and out of deference to what that means in some Lutheran churches I no longer do so. If I thumbed my nose in a Lutheran congregation I'd start a riot.I am very sympathetic to Luther because I have had horrible bouts of anxiety and scruples and his theological insights and his writings appeal to me on many levels. Calvin too appeals to me, but not as much as Luther.I enjoy many parts of the Westminster Confession and the Large and Small Catechisms, and I think about them on ocassion and pray about them. They do not separate justification and sanctification though they distinguish them. They parts in there about adoption and perserverance are very comforting and encouraging to me. They clearly understood about the weakness and the infirmities that remain in the flesh of the beliver, and sections about this made me feel inside the range of genuine Christian experience - this was very encouraging to me at some very bleak and black moments.There is much in American and Evangelical Christianity that is so cocksure about salvation and so on that if you feel the slightest doubt about yourself or about your failures and so on you begin to doubt that you are "saved." Lutherans find comfort in baptism and the Reformed find comfort of providence but loose canon evangelists come around saying with conviction from who knows where that even if you've been baptised you have not been "born again." My reading of the Christian tradition tells me that baptism was called "the laver of regeneration."When Luther was afflicted in a furnace of doubts he would simply tell the devil that he's been baptised. Evangelicals keep pointing us to our own subjectivity - to our own "experience" rather than turning our eyes on some clear and palpable assurance provided through our tradition and our scripture, to our sacraments and to promising Words from Almighty God our Father.Would a Covenanter kick me out of church for holding these beliefs?A Covenanter may kick me out of a Covenanter Church, but he has no authority to kick me out of the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. Ultimately, only Jesus can do that - and Jesus is a friend who sticks closer than a brother, who has never left me nor forsaken me through my worst moments of social ostracism and self doubt. Just at this place he has reminded me that he did not come for the righteous, that he is the friend of sinners, the friend of fiesty little farts like Zaccheus and self-willed red-necks like Saul the Apostle.As for the trinity, I will respectfully ponder the catechism, as suggested to me by gmw.But I recite the Nicene Creed every Lord's day, and I reflect on it as a basic math student would reflect on particle physics. I'm not very good at it, but I've been given a few insights, that I might share with you some day. I've got a little book in possession called "my way of life" by St. Thomas Aquinas, and the part in there about the trinity is a gem of loving contemplation. I might write it down and enclose it in another dispatch for this group.Given what was prevalent in Luther's day I can see why he gutted the sacrificial component of the mass. He did this on the basis of his reading of St. Paul. Luther's simplified liturgy helps put to rest any notion that God needs anything from us but thanksgiving.The Catholic offering up of our bodies "in, with, and under" our head ("through him, with him, in him, in the unity of the Holy Spirit, all glory and honor is yours almighty Father, forever and ever, amen) is our reasonable service, not our Sunday obligation.But I doubt that Luther would have gutted all the things that have been thrown out - things that he took for granted, including a very strong devotion to Mary, the sign of the cross, the celebration of the Supper every Lord's day.Calvin wanted the Lord's Supper celebrated every Lord's day. Calvinists have never followed through on this, at least not the ones that I know of. Once a month, or once a quarter.I read somewhere that Luther had a private confessor till his dying day.All the things that the Apostolic Catholic Church holds are drawn out from scriptures and are consonant with scripture, including the primacy of the Petrine office. This primacy was held in honor until the ultimate clash between east and west, and it staggered but did not fall at the time of the Reformation.A little healthy competition never hurt McDonald's, so why should it hurt the "Roman" Catholic church?The Pope goes to confession every Saturday.He's a man, a Christian man, and a sinner, and he knows it right well, better than most of us.How many of us confess our sins frankly and routinely to another brother or sister in Christ, that we might be healed? ("Confess your sins one to another, that you might be healed.")Are you with the same church as I am, Paul, or do you distinguish yourself as an Anglican by way of historical accident - and the wilfull obstinacy of good old King Henry? Is the King of England the rightful head of the Apostolic church in England?Is the Anglican church alive and well, vital and throbbing through all parts of the globe? Do you have a sample Anglican church to hold out as exemplary before my eyes here in Southeast Michigan?What about a Covenanter congregation in these parts?I am not trying on samplers, mind you, I just want to be in tune with a larger picture of the universal body of believers scattered throughout the globe - as the Lord would have me see it, or as a "far-seer" or an overseer would see it.I am still preparing an answer for Whit, and I may send it concurrent with this answer. If it displays the mind of a simpleton, or confusion, then so be it. That would be a good argument for recourse to the overall mind of the teaching office of the church. Is there such an office?Where do I look for it? In Scotland? In Missouri (Missouri Synod Lutheran Church)? In the Westminster Confession? In the Book of Concord? In the writings of the early church fathers? In Luther's Works? In Karl Barth's Church Dogmatics? In the modern catechism of the Catholic Church? In the documents of the Second Vatican Council?Of course I've prayed about all of this till I've been blue in the face.Christianity presents unity in diversity for those who look at things in a positive light. For those who are more skeptical, it presents a babel of confusion."Which church are you with?" sums it up quite well.We are not presenting to the world the united front of
"One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic" church.Are we?Are we supposed to?Barry Ferguson.
In a message dated 9/13/04 5:40:22 PM Central Daylight Time, gogon789@... writes::
(Oops, did I just say free spirits?)
What church are you with?
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