11891RE: [Covenanted Reformation] Sproul VS Covenant
- Dec 30, 2004"Q.31 With whom was the Covenant of Grace made?
"A. The Covenant of Grace was made with Christ as the second Adam,
and in him with all the elect as his seed."
In the new and better covenant, God the Father made an agreement with
God the Son, Jesus Christ. Acting as the Mediator, as the
Representative and Substitute for his people, the elect, Jesus Christ
fulfilled all the conditions of the Covenant of Works that Adam had
failed to fulfill. Jesus procured all the blessings of salvation for
his people, and that salvation he gives to them all as a free gift.
Q. 166. Unto whom is baptism to be administered?
A. Baptism is not to be administered to any that are out of the visible
church, and so strangers from the covenant of promise, till they profess
their faith in Christ, and obedience to him, but infants descending
from parents, either both, or but one of them, professing faith in Christ,
and obedience to him, are in that respect within the covenant, and to be
We must distinguish the Covenant of Grace in its spiritual essence (see q
31) and its visible administration (see q 166). With respect to its
spiritual essence, the Covenant of Grace is with the elect alone, and
unconditional. But with respect to its visible administration (as
exemplified in water baptism), the Covenant of Grace is with the visible
church, and conditional. The conditions are true faith and repentance, for
not all of the visible church will be saved, but only those with true faith
and repentance. Of course, only the elect will have true faith and
repentance, for they alone did Christ atone for and the Spirit regenerate,
God working faith and repentance in them.
Of course, there are many like Schilder, Schlissel, etc. who have denied
that the Covenant of Grace in its spiritual essence is with the elect alone.
Such are great errorists, who undermine the doctrines of grace.
On the other hand, we must beware the error of those who deny the Covenant
of Grace in its visible administration is conditional, as if what we believe
and how we live has no relation to our salvation. This tends toward
- Parnell McCarter
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