- Not much happened in 1802 (afaik), but here is an 1800's timeline from
(there's more than computer info listed for some reason)
Year | Event
---- | ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1804 | Frances Joseph-Marie Jacquard completes his fully automated loom that
_____| is programmed by punched cards.
1814 | Izrael Staffel is born in 1814.
1815 | George Boole is born November 2, 1815.
1815 | Ada Lovelace is born December 15, 1815.
1820 | Thomas de Colmar creates the first reliable, useful and commercially
_____| successful calculating machine.
1822 | In the early 1822 Charles Babbage purposed and begins developing the
_____| Difference Engine.
1826 | The earliest known surviving photograph is taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
_____| in 1826 of a view of a courtyard from his window.
1827 | George Simon Ohm introduces Ohm's law in the book Die galvanische Kette,
_____| mathematisch bearbeitet.
1831 | Joseph Henry of Princeton invents the first working telegraph.
1832 | Semen Korsakov uses punch cards for the first time to store and search
_____| for information.
1837 | Charles Babbage purposes the Analytical Engine.
1838 | Samuel Morse invents a code (later called Morse code) that used different
_____| numbers to represent the letters of the English alphabet and the then digits.
1844 | Samuel F.B. Morse dispatches the first telegraphic message over a line
_____| from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore on May 24, 1844.
1845 | In 1845, Izrael Staffel demonstrated the Staffel's calculator at the
_____| industrial exhibition in Warsaw.
1847 | Thomas Edison is born February 11, 1847.
1847 | Siemens is founded.
1851 | Western Union was founded.
1852 | Ada Lovelace passes away November 27, 1852.
1856 | Nikola Tesla is born July 10, 1856.
1857 | The phonautograph (phonograph) is patented March 25, 1857 by Frenchman
_____| Édouard-LéonScott de Martinville. The device was capable of transcribing
_____| sound to a medium.
1859 | The Elevator is patented on August 9, 1959.
1860 | Herman Hollerith is born February 29, 1860.
1861 | The first known permanent color photograph is taken of a Tartan Ribbon
_____| by the photographer Thomas Sutton. To achieve a color image he took a
_____| photo of the ribbon three times, each time with a different color,
_____| a method developed by James Clerk Maxwell.
1866 | The first successful Trans-Atlantic cable is laid from Ireland to Newfoundland.
1868 | Christopher Sholes invents the typewriter in the United States utilizing
_____| the QWERTY keyboard.
1871 | Charles Babbage passes away October 18, 1871.
1875 | Tanaka Seizo-sho is established in Japan and later merges with another
_____| company called shibaura Seisaku-sho to form Tokyo Shibarura Denki. Later
_____| this companies name is shortened to the company that we know today, Toshiba.
1875 | The company American Telephone and Telegraph Company that later became
_____| AT&T is founded.
1876 | Scottish-Canadian-American Alexander Graham Bell is often credited as
_____| inventing the telephone makes the first call March 10, 1876.
1877 | The microphone is invented in the United States by Emile Berliner.
1877 | Thomas Edison invents and announces on November 21, 1877 the first
_____| phonograph capable of recording and replaying sounds.
1878 | Eadweard Muybridge's "The Horse In Motion" becomes the first motion picture.
1879 | Thomas Edison demos incandescent electric light bulb that lasts 13 1/2 hours
_____| October 21, 1879.
1879 | James Jacob Ritty patents the worlds first cash register November 4, 1879.
1880 | ASME is founded.
1888 | Eastman Kodak is founded.
1884 | Izrael Staffel passes away in 1884.
1883 | American Thomas Edison discovers the Edison effect, where an electric
_____| current flows through a vacuum.
1885 | American Telegraph and Telephone company (AT&T) is incorporated March 3,1885.
1888 | Nikola Tesla patents the rotating field motor May 1, 1888 and later sells
_____| the rights to George Westinghouse. This invention helps create and transmit
_____| AC power and today is still a method for generating and distributing AC power.
1888 | William S. Burroughs patents a printing adding machine.
1888 | John Loud gets patent for the ballpoint pen October 30, 1888.
1888 | Friedrich Reintzer discovers liquid crystal.
1891 | Phillips is founded.
1895 | Wilhelm Röntgen discovers X-rays November 8, 1895.
---- | ----------------------------------------------------------------------
1896 | Herman Hollerith starts the Tabulating Machine Company, the company later
_____| becomes the well-known computer company IBM (International Business Machines).
1897 | German scientist Karl Ferdinand Braun invents the Cathode-Ray Oscilloscope.
1898 | Alcatel is founded.
1898 | Nikola Tesla invents the remote control November 8, 1898.
1890 | Herman Hollerith developed a method for machines to to record and store
_____| information onto punch cards to be used for the US census. He later formed
_____| the company we know as IBM today.
1899 | AT&T acquires assets of American Bell, and becomes the parent company of
_____| Bell System.
1899 | On September 13, 1899 Henry Bliss becomes the first North American pedestrian
_____| to be killed by an automobile.
- Similar info from:
The 1800's: Theory, lights, radios, and movies.
1822: Charles Babbage begins working on a mechanical device that was
far superior to the Pascal machine, but lacking the resources to build
such a device, construction is never completed.
1833: Charles Babbage stopped work on his mechanical calculator it to
move on to another project that would calculate 'yes / no' analytical
or conditional functions beyond simple addition. This system was
designed to use 'holes punched in paper' as a method of input, but the
device was never built beyond the 'plans' to develop it. These were the
first plans developed for a logical calculating computer.
1831: Michael Faraday demonstrates that magnets passed through a coil
of wires can create electricity.
1837: Samuel Morse invented the first workable telegraph.
1876: Alexander Gram Bell invents the first telephone on March 10, 1876.
1876 - 1877: Thomas Alva Edison invents the first phonograph.
1879: Telephones begin to use numbers instead of names. 1879: Thomas
Alva Edison's first public exhibition of "moving pictures" 1879: Thomas
Alva Edison creates the first light bulb, and the world moves out of
the dark ages on October 18, 1879.. 1879: Thomas Alva Edison creates
the first electric motor, and 110 volts becomes the future from which
so many of our devices take for granted today.
1880: Long distance telephone service is developed.
1884: German, Paul Nipkow developed a rotating-disc technology to
transmit pictures over wire in 1884 called the Nipkow disk. This was
the very first electromechanical television scanning system.
1887: Heinrich Hertz, a German physicist begins experimenting with
1889: The company "Nintendo" is founded when Fusajiro Yamauchi who
lived in Kyoto Japan established the company by creating playing cards.
1890: the US Government commissions work to begin on a new census
machine to calculate the population of the United States. The census
bureau was the leading cause of the development of the "punch card"
tabulator. American inventor named Herman Hollerith developed the
machine that was able to count (or tabulated) the punched cards which
counted the population of the USA). Hollerith finally sold his company
to CTR, the company that went on to become IBM.
1891: Thomas Alva Edison invented and patented the first motion picture camera.
1894: The first 'movie house' opens. The Holland Brothers opened the
first Kinetoscope Parlor at 1155 Broadway in New York City on April 14,
1894 using the Edison Kinetoscope and charging 25 cents to each patron.
1895: Guglielmo Marconi sends and receives the first radio signals in
Italy. Marconi becomes the inventor of the modern day radio.