Re: Theory: The Line Between Verb and Syntax Sections
- This is certainly a way to do it. I've found that especially shorter
grammatical descriptions benefit from being morphologically driven. For a
bit more advanced topics, such as subordination, I'd suggest also adding
more syntactically minded chapters. This is simply because semantically
closely related categories can require you to use very different morphology
(or syntax for that matter).
You might for example have a simple clause linking morpheme that attaches
to verbs and simply says that this is a subordinated verb and every
inflection (person, tense, aspect...) of the finite verb of the main clause
also applies here. But when some of these categories changes, you suddenly
need to revert back to fully inflected finite verbs with perhaps a special
subordinate mood and a conjunction marking the subordinate clause. This is
in fact not that different to what English does:
We chatted while eating.
We chatted after we had eaten.
We chatted while you were eating.
Notice how the subordinated verb of the first sentence has totally
different morphology associated to it compared to the subordinate clauses
of the last two sentences. If you don't already know the structure of the
language, finding out these things might be a pain if they aren't compiled
under unified chapters. Whether you decide to put such chapters under a
special "syntax" title or among the morphological description is naturally
a matter or personal taste and what happens to work the best.
For a really thorough reference grammar you might even consider a dual
presentation. First have a section where you go through all the morphology
giving short descriptions of the uses of each inflection and cross
referencing for broader descriptions of use in later syntax chapters. After
that have the syntax section where you describe how all the morphology is
used in actual sentences but now organised based on use rather than form.
The downside is of course that you end up describing many of the things
twice and having a ridiculously long grammar.
2013/8/16 David Peterson <dedalvs@...>
> In the morphology section (for WH-questions and yes/no questions), and in
> the lexicon (for all constructions that are dependent on the
> particularities of a given verb or subset of verbs [i.e. raising/control
> and subordination]). If a special section was wanted, I'd put it under
> verbal morphology.
> David Peterson
> LCS President
> On Aug 16, 2013, at 12:20 AM, Nico Baier <nico.baier@...> wrote:
> > So David, where would you put things like raising/control constructions,
> wh-question formation or subordination?