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Re: Do you speak english?

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  • Cian Ross
    ... ` = preceding vowel has primary accent but is short ^ = preceding vowel is long and has primary accent A:n lo:custe yn i Veldane:assu lingwassu? A:n
    Message 1 of 20 , Mar 31 11:50 PM
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      On Mon, 2006-03-27 at 02:38 +0200, Remi Villatel wrote:

      > An easy translation exercise:
      > Do you speak [insert your conlang name]?

      : = preceding vowel is long
      ` = preceding vowel has primary accent but is short
      ^ = preceding vowel is long and has primary accent



      A:n lo:custe yn i Veldane:assu lingwassu?
      A:n lo:cu.ste yn i Veldane:a.ssu lingwa.ssu?
      QUEST talk.2ND-SG with[1] the Veldan.PREP-SG language.PREP-SG

      [1] 'Yn' always denotes a means by which something is done.



      This is something of a hard question to ask in Taroan...the speakers
      don't have a separate name for their own language ('Taroan' derives from
      a foreigner's misunderstanding). The closest to a name would be
      "bahonga 'ta roa" (= what it takes to talk), so a naive translation
      could come out meaning something like "Are you able to speak?" :) A
      native speaker, if the matter came up, might ask:

      No nui so roa ye nau no?
      N.o nui so roa ye nau n.o
      QUEST.FUT maybe you speak like we/us QUEST.FUT



      Au kyete stxvha Kyet Kenawme?
      QUEST speak.[1] you.ERG.[2] talk our

      [x = schwa, vh = voiced bilabial fricative]

      [1] The terminal -e is in harmony/agreement with the last vowel in the
      head word of the patient (Kyet).

      [2] -vh- is the ergative marker, obligatorily followed by a vowel in
      harmony with the last vowel in the root.



      Lokwandazelokwutan?
      Lokwandaze lokwu t an
      Lokwandaze speak 2ND-SG QUEST



      Auchtayeisi Lichom Ainteroino`som?
      Auchta.yei.si Licho.m Ainteroino.`som?
      speak.OPT.2ND-SG tongue.ABS-SG Second-People.GEN-PL



      A:n sprecast Anglysc?
      A:n sprec.ast Anglysc?
      QUEST speak.2ND-SG Anglysc



      And, finally, from the lamentably defunct Arda project:

      Te:lel O:radiendelsae^n?
      Te:l.el O:radiendelsa.e^n
      speak.2ND-SG O:radiendelsa.ACC

      A polite/deferential/honorific form uses the optative:

      Teislel O:radiendelsae^n?
      Teisl.el O:radiendelsa.e^n
      speak(OPT).2ND-SG O:radiendelsa.ACC



      2ND = second person
      ABS = absolutive
      GEN = genetive
      ERG = ergative
      FUT = future tense
      OPT = optative
      PL = plural
      PREP = prepositional
      QUEST = question-marker
      SG = singular



      Cian Ross
      cian@...
      http://crlh.tzo.org/~cian/conlang/
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