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Re: Homonyms across conlangs (part 1)

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  • Andreas Johansson
    ... Tairezazh has, AFAIK, no homonymous stems, but there is considerable amounts in derived or inflected forms, either of the same stem - eg, from _dák_
    Message 1 of 12 , Mar 1, 2005
      Quoting Benct Philip Jonsson <bpj@...>:

      > Sarahal Meyuçnel isnerq (Sally Caves wrote):
      > > What might be equally interesting is finding out how
      > > many conlangs have homonyms within themselves, as I
      > > think this is a feature of most natural languages
      > > and a good source of punning.. I've been trying to
      > > assign more than one meaning to words I make up, but
      > > I've noted a few inadvertant homonyms in Teonaht:
      > In Kejeb, the protolanguage of the Sohlob dialects there
      > are by design no homonyms, though there probably must
      > arise some in the daughters due to the sound changes,
      > though I know of no easy way tpfind them in the database.
      > The same goes for false friends across the dialects.

      Tairezazh has, AFAIK, no homonymous stems, but there is considerable amounts in
      derived or inflected forms, either of the same stem - eg, from _dák_ "sorrow"
      we get both _daks_ "sorrow (acc)" and _daks_ "sad" - or from similar ones - eg
      _tain_ "our, ours" from _ta_ "I", _tain_ "Terran" from _tai-_ "Earth". No doubt
      there'd be alot more of this if the language had as many stems as a natlang

    • Arthaey Angosii
      ... Quite. I like random statistics and such. :) ... In that case, why not compare them in IPA (or X-SAMPA)? ... Nothing exact, since /st/ is not allowed
      Message 2 of 12 , Mar 1, 2005
        Emaelivpeith Sanghyeon Seo:
        > Is this interesting in any way? :-)

        Quite. I like random statistics and such. :)

        > formalizing their letter-to-sound rules if possible.
        > In order to have a look at homonyms across conlangs.

        In that case, why not compare them in IPA (or X-SAMPA)?

        > lest: Iliani blue, Verdurian unit of distance

        Nothing exact, since /st/ is not allowed finally (she says as she
        quietly fixes "syikavást" in the lexicon *grin*). I do have something

        lesh /lES/ close (in distance).

        Otherwise I have no exact matches. What we really need, if we want to
        do this sort of comparison, is a computer program that compares
        wordlists. It's too tedious to do in bulk otherwise, IMHO.


        (watch the Reply-To!)
      • Tristan McLeay
        ... Not forgetting inflected and other modified forms: if your conlang (like mine) marks the e.g. plural with a vowel change, that might mean the singular form
        Message 3 of 12 , Mar 1, 2005
          On 2 Mar 2005, at 1.01 pm, Arthaey Angosii wrote:

          > Emaelivpeith Sanghyeon Seo:
          >> Is this interesting in any way? :-)
          > Quite. I like random statistics and such. :)
          >> formalizing their letter-to-sound rules if possible.
          >> In order to have a look at homonyms across conlangs.
          > In that case, why not compare them in IPA (or X-SAMPA)?
          >> lest: Iliani blue, Verdurian unit of distance
          > Nothing exact, since /st/ is not allowed finally (she says as she
          > quietly fixes "syikavást" in the lexicon *grin*). I do have something
          > close:
          > lesh /lES/ close (in distance).
          > Otherwise I have no exact matches. What we really need, if we want to
          > do this sort of comparison, is a computer program that compares
          > wordlists. It's too tedious to do in bulk otherwise, IMHO.

          Not forgetting inflected and other modified forms: if your conlang
          (like mine) marks the e.g. plural with a vowel change, that might mean
          the singular form is ahomophonous, but the plural is. (I don't think I
          have any homophones amongst that word list yet in either Ancient or Old

        • David J. Peterson
          Part 1, eh? Can t wait to see what part 2 is.
          Message 4 of 12 , Mar 1, 2005
            Part 1, eh? Can't wait to see what part 2 is.

            Here's my first result, Iliani-Verdurian homonyms. Actually, since I
            haven't completed letter-to-sound part, these are really homographs.

            Is this interesting in any way? :-)

            You bet! Assuming these are basically IPA, I think it'd be neat to
            have a nice big list of various phonological forms that correspond
            to different words in different conlangs--natlangs, too. Why not?

            I'll add some where possible (only showing those that have equivalents):

            <looks over dictionaries>

            Huh. Would you look at that: Not one single homonym. They're all
            possible in at least one of my languages. I could've *sworn* I had a
            word "mena" somewhere, but nope: Nothing. Oh well. Nevertheless,
            in honor of your idea, I've coined a word in Gweydr:

            grel: Iliani clean-shaven, Verdurian hail, Gweydr list

            The idea of a "list" is a useful concept to have, and since what you
            is a list, Gweydr now has a word for "list" based on your list.

          • Arthaey Angosii
            ... I copied all the homonyms so far mentioned in this thread to Muke s wiki: http://wiki.frath.net/Homonyms_Across_Languages -- AA
            Message 5 of 12 , Mar 2, 2005
              Emaelivpeith David J. Peterson:
              > You bet! Assuming these are basically IPA, I think it'd be neat to
              > have a nice big list of various phonological forms that correspond
              > to different words in different conlangs--natlangs, too. Why not?

              I copied all the homonyms so far mentioned in this thread to Muke's wiki:



              (watch the Reply-To!)
            • (no author)
              ... I m Maxime L����vesque, or only Max, or also #1 My languages don t have names, I ve never try to invent one because I don t what word using for.. I ll come
              Message 6 of 12 , Mar 2, 2005
                >LUNATIC SURVEY 2005, by Sally Caves
                >1. Who are you, and what is the name of your invented language or
                >languages? Pseudonyms allowed. (Are you using one? asked "Sally Caves")

                I'm Maxime Lévesque, or only Max, or also #1

                My languages don't have names, I've never try to invent one because I don't
                what word using for.. I'll come with names when I'll finally make a conlang
                more complete.

                >*2. Are you new to the Lunatic Survey or have you filled out a version of
                >this survey before?

                That's my first one, I'm on that list since the beginning of last December
                (or maybe the end of November but I'm not sure because in the beginning I
                deleted mails after reading them.

                >3. Do you have a website for you language/world(s)? If so, please list the
                >URL address.

                Don't have any website, I don't even know how to build one so it's not for

                >4. What is your email address? name at hostsite dot whatever.

                salut_vous_autre at hotmail dot com
                (Yes I know there's a mistake in my name I noticed to late to change)

                >5. What is your age? (vague answers allowed, but it is an important

                16 (for still a half month)

                >6. What is your gender?


                >7. What is your nationality? Where do you live now?

                I'm from the Quebec, where I also live

                >8. What is your native language?


                >9. What natural languages foreign to you have you studied or do you speak?

                English, and a little of spanish during the last 3 years (but not this one)

                But if everything happen like I'd want it to happen, I'll have Spanish at
                school next year and German in two year

                >10. What is your level of education? i.e., your highest degree achieved or

                I'm doing my secondary 5. Could probably be called grade 11 to make it more

                >11. What is your profession? Are you a professional linguist? If so, what
                >also makes you a conlanger?

                No profession but linguist might be a good one to aim

                >13. If you are a student, what is your major or your area of study?

                I aim linguistic studies, probably going to translation. With the growing of
                the mondialisation, the wanting for translators will grow too

                >14. How long have you been developing your invented language(s)?

                Only since a few months

                >15. At what age did you first start inventing a language? Can you briefly
                >describe your early efforts?

                16, a few months ago.

                My interest for communication begun with codes (I created methods of coding
                that are perfectly undecipherable(particularily not sure of that last word)

                My first try of conlang where something where every cases, determiners,
                adjectives, auxiliaries were affixed and pasted together, the vocabulary
                were built of word inspired of French, English, and Spanish (and one or two
                from Italian), with the monlian method for forming the genitives. I've got
                tired of that conlang when I was tired of choosing translations words after
                words. That's the last time I've made vocabulary by changing it from

                >16. What drew you to start inventing a language and/or constructed world?
                >What was the inspiration?

                After having passed through a French grammar, I've begun to search for other
                languages's basic grammars

                I've found for German, Latin, Arabic, Swahili, Breton, and finally...

                After having read everywhere it was very easy, I tried to learn its working:
                the endings, the affixes...

                But it after forced me to search what was that difference between these
                nominative and accusative and then I discovered cases (and finally
                understood what they were talking about in the Latin grammars :-P)

                I then tried to represent all those cases by affixes to "be original", but I
                didn't know that conlanging were so practiced

                >17. Did you start inventing before you had heard of the list or after?
                >Before you had heard of Esperanto or Tolkien? (I name the two most common

                A little before the list (kind of 2 or 3 weeks) but a little after Esperanto
                and Tolkien (approximately 2 or 3 weeks too)

                >18. Tolkien calls it a "shy art" and a "secret vice"; but that was before
                >the Internet. How secret do you keep it from others outside this list for
                >much the same reasons?

                On the contrary, I'd be glad to finaly show a good conlang but there are
                missing two things: 1. completing a conalng and 2. learn to build websites

                >19. Yaguello has called it "pathological," influenced, unfortunately, by a
                >lot of psychiatric writings such as _Le Schizo et la langue_. To what
                >extent have you encountered such reactions by outsiders you had taken into
                >your confidence?

                When people hear about my conlanging goals, they first say: "OK, tell me how
                you say...", after they ask: "Why are you doing such things?", and end with
                "It seems interesting but it's totally useless"

                >*20. Do you consider it nerdy to be doing this? This is a term that gets
                >tossed around a lot. Or actually sophisticated? Do you need to get a life,
                >or is this your life? What is a life?

                It could be considered nerdy if we think that one has to be interest in
                grammar and scolar things.

                >21. There has been a connection noted between linguistic and musical
                >ability. Are you musically inclined? Do you sing and/or play a musical
                >instrument? Do you compose music?

                Linguistic and musical ability? It probably means I'll never be good in
                linguistic... :-P

                I already played violin, guitar, tuba (do not laugh that one!), and
                percussion but I've never been what anybody could call "good"

                But I'm always singing for myself does that counts?

                >22. There has been a connection noted between linguistic and mathematical
                >ability. Are you mathematically inclined or inclined towards computing in
                >any way?

                Yes, I'm good in mathematics (but don't like them), but in computing I don't
                know much

                >23. What other passions do you pursue that give you creative pleasure?
                >(painting, drawing, sculpting, calligraphy, model-building, novel or
                >story-writing, role-playing games, map-making, book-
                >making, poetry, web-designing, star-gazing or other?)

                I've tried at least once each of them but none of them is really a passion
                for me, but I like to look at other's creations in these domains.

                >1. Pick the best term for the invented language you are currently invested
                >in: auxlang, artlang, engelang, loglang, lostlang, philosophical language,
                >or "other." etc.

                I've tried auxlangs and loglang in sketches but what I like are languages
                who feel natural, probably those enter in the "other" category

                But I always go with feeling, If I get a pratical idea for an engelang I
                will make it, if I get an beautiful idea for an artlang I will try it etc..

                >2. Is your conlang a priori (devised from scratch) or a posteriori (based
                >on an existing natural language or drawing from a language class such as

                After my first try of conlang, I now make all my languages a priori I like
                my conlangs being totally unlinked to everything I know.

                >4. Do you have a script for your conlang? What is it called? Could you
                >provide me at a later date > with a sample of it? Is it on Langmaker's
                >"neography" site?

                I once create one but I decided to not create antoher before I have a
                conlang complete enough to need it.

                >5. Briefly describe the outlines of your invented language (syntactical
                >structure--VO, OV, etc.; class or type--analytic, synthetic, agglutinating,
                >incorporative, accusative, ergative, active, trigger, other, combinations,
                >etc.), noting what you have done with it that is innovative in your

                That's the description of my most developped conlang

                The syntactical structure works by the orther of the persons with a case

                2nd pers. - 1st pers. - VERB - 3rd-human - 3rd neutral

                As this will be placed the subject, the direct and the idirect object with
                their case indicated on their article

                I think it is flexionnal but only 2 kinds of words vary, the articles in
                number, case, definiteness, possesser...; and the verb in transitivity,
                voice, and person (with the first argument appering in the sentence)

                >7. How extensive would you say your invented language is, now? How big the
                >vocabulary? Do you provide a vocabulary list or taxonomy on your website if
                >you have one?

                What restrains my vocabulary is the fact there's no conworld with it, I
                can't create animals, plants, tools and other word relative to the place you
                live in.

                >8. How do you build vocabulary? Some people pull words out of the air;
                >others build up a base of root words and affixes. Many do both.

                I pull them out the of air. I'm not good in using roots but words with near
                meanings are similar but the links are totally irregular.

                >3. Does a constructed world accompany your invention(s)? What is it called?

                No, but I'll have to try someday

                >*9. Has your language and conworld ever served in a role-playing game or a
                >world shared by other conlangers?


                >*10. Briefly describe your conculture (is it within the bounds of this
                >world? on another world, etc.?)

                there are none

                >*11. Are the beings who speak your invented language human or alien? If
                >alien, what features have you given the language to make it alien or how
                >have you restricted or expanded its phonology? vocabulary?

                I don't create aliens because, even if there are no proofs of their
                non-existence I simply can't believe that they may be similar to us enough
                to talk like us and I'm not ready to create a strange phonologic way to make

                >12. What do you write in it? Poems? chants? lullabyes? prayers? history?
                >stories? recipes? Are any of these exhibited on your website?

                I don't write long texts, but I usually write phrases to send with emails to
                my friends

                >13. Can you speak your conlang? Are you fluent in it? Is this a goal for
                >you? Have you tried to teach it to an intimate? a companion animal? :)

                I'm not, but I will someday

                >14. Have you made any soundbytes of your language? Could you provide me at
                >a later date with a sample of them?

                No, I don't even have anything to record sounds

                >*15. If you use Roman script, how recognizably "phonetic" is your writing
                >system? In other words, do you use unconventional letters or letter
                >combinations to represent sounds? Why or why not? I’m thinking, of course,
                >of Etabnannery, for those who remember it.

                My roman scripts writing are often phonetic or at least phonemic, it's
                easier to master when I write

                >16. How many of you sing in your language and have invented songs for that

                I've never tought about that but that's an idea I should thin about

                >*17. How many of you, for entertainment or any other reason, resort to
                >gibberish? (This is in response to Adrian Morgan’s question in December).
                >Does it give you ideas for conlanging? (Have you ever fooled anyone?) How
                >many of you have sung gibberish?


                >*18. What on-line games do you play? (or devise?) Translations, Babel-text,
                >Relays, etc.


                >19. Which do you prefer doing: devising phonology? script? structure?
                >building vocabulary?

                Structure is something I like. Phonology and vocabuly are built
                instictinvely with my feelings

                >20. Do you start and stop several different conlangs, or do you tend to
                >stick with one and develop it over years?

                I start and stop severals.. But I should stick on one to improve it..

                >21. What do you think makes a "complete" conlang, if a conlang can attain
                >completion? What are your goals for completion? When do you grow "tired" of
                >your conlang, or don’t you?

                If and conlang can be spoke in everyday conversation, it is probably

                >*22. Which came first: the conlang or the conworld?

                The conworld, writers as invented conworlds since the beggining of the
                litterature, before linguists appear.

                >1. What aesthetic features do you value in inventing language? Be specific
                >as to phonology, structure, script, etc.

                I like voiced consonants, I usually include as few consonants I can in my
                conlangs. My current conlang has 5: /s/, /k/, /k_h/, /t/, and /t_h/, but has
                a lot of voiced ones

                Also, when I devise a structure, I like OSV order

                >2. What commonly applied aesthetics have you ever tried to avoid in your
                >invention? This has been an oft debated question, especially when it comes
                >to Tolkien.

                I don't know what you mean by "commonly aplied aesthetics", I do whatever I
                find aesthetic and the other's aestehtics don't influence me

                >3. Is difficulty or obscurity a goal in inventing a language?

                No I like conlangs to seem natural

                >4. Is efficiency a goal in inventing a language? This question needn’t
                >cancel out the previous one.

                If I feel like this it will be like this...

                >5. How natural do you wish to make it, or is that a concern? Or rather, how
                >unnatural do you wish to make it?

                I do it natural to make it easier to remember for myself, if I can't make it
                work like I can think it will be longer to work on it.

                If I decide to try unnaturality, it will be when I will be used to

                >6. Can conlanging be sexy? sensual? obsessing? how does it heal or harm

                I don't have that relation with conanging we're just friends

                >*7. How many of you have developed a rich vocabulary of obscenities?

                I still don't but that's an important part of a language and to complete one
                I'll create some

                >8. Can it be mystical? To what extent does conlanging fulfill a spiritual
                >purpose for you? Or a magical one? Did it ever start out that way?

                Create a conlang for magic.. No, I should first create the magic itself and
                I'm not sure I'd like it

                >9. How many of you have developed a rich vocabulary of magical, religious,
                >or incantatory terms?

                Same answer

                >*10. How many of you have striven to invent words that express novel ideas,
                >or are not expressed in any natural language that you know?

                Complex emotionnal meaningful words? That's an idea and if such a conplex
                idea comes to my minds I'll do it but for now no.

                >11. Name a few of the words in your language(s) that you are most pleased
                >with and are the most original to you.

                I like the verb "wa-degwo" /wa'deg_wo/ that in sentence with "de" meaning
                "you" and "zehem dwego" meaning "his/her friend"

                "de wa-degwod zeheg dwego" /de wa'deg_wOd ze'hEm 'd_wego/

                I've heard you are his/her friend

                >12. How do you sense that a word is "right" for its meaning? How much do
                >you labor at fitting a sound to its sense? Or don’t you care?

                When I think to a new important word to create, the word to mean it va venir

                >*13. Do you ever rely on a software program to build vocabulary? Do those
                >who don’t think that’s cheating? :)

                No I don't do it, I think I loose the "contact" with the language if I don't
                create a word by myself

                >*14. Is conlang a hobby, a craft, or an art in your mind? This has been
                >hotly debated, so the question is not as weird as it seems. Can conlanging
                >be considered an art? Why or why not?

                Could it be an artistic hobby that used to be a craft for some? That's what
                I feel it to be

                >*15. If it is, who do you think are its consumers?

                those who want to learn languages to admire linguistic features of a
                language and the habilities of its creator, like any other art

                >*16. This question is directed as well at any auxlangers on the list. Is it
                >an art, a political tool, both? And who do you think could be its

                These days, I don't think much conlangers can think their conlang are
                "political tools" because a conlang one creates don't has chances of being

                But what can't be an art? Something you create, even for yourself is an art.

                >*17. There has been some exciting talk recently (and over the years) about
                >what a conlang is or is not. If you could pick a metaphor or write a
                >descriptive phrase defining "conlang," what would that be?

                I think those who appeared on the list but I never thought about one...

                >*18. Why or why not would you eschew the metaphors "miniature" or "model"?

                I'd eschew

                For me, and it seems obvious, a miniature or a model is suppose to model
                something in miniature.. In other words, to immitate each details in a form
                that is easier to handle to look it in ways you can't look on the original.

                But a conlang isn't only a way to make something huge in a simpler and more
                little form..

                >*19. Is a conlang more like a glimpse of something lifesize? (Irina’s
                >suggestion in 2001)

                ho, maybe but I really don't know

                >*20. There has been some invigorating discussion lately about what a
                >conlang can do that most natural languages don’t (such as produce OSV
                >structure, or eradicate verbs) What experiments have you made with your
                >artlang(s) along these lines?

                I've tried a conlang where the tense where represented by the word order:

                SOV = futur
                SVO = present
                VSO = past

                with a case marking to distinc the three words

                with the inversion of S and O for questions there where a signification for
                the 6 orders.

                >*21 What do you think distinguishes a conlang from a natural language, if
                >you think so at all? What would it take for a linguist to be fooled into
                >thinking a conlang was a natural language?

                a clear grammatical description, a capacity to express complex feelings, a
                number of irregularities would help a lot to seem natural but to really fool
                a linguist it would need to have a way to link it with an existing family
                conresponding with a place where is would have been discovered

                If the conlang shares vocabulary and some features with languages of a
                region and can seems reel, you only have to find an linguisticaly
                undiscovered place in that region.

                >*22. How much do you study other languages in order to discover what is
                >natural in language? Or to discover how you can stretch the boundaries of
                >language to make it do things that are unnatural?

                on my internet page, I have links to go to grammars of tons of languages
                I've read to understand how some basic things are said or work in the
                world's languages

                I have links to get to German, Arabic, Basque, Breton, Japanese, Romanain,
                Swahili, Tagalog, Tamoul, Turquish, Vietnamese, Abenaki, Cree, Inuktitut,
                Mudurucus, and Quechua to name only those I still remember something about

                >*23. Can such a language function?

                Even if I read those links to see what is natural, why a conlang made to be
                unnatural shouldn't work? At least it will be hard to learn, no more.

                >*24. There has been quite a bit of fascinating debate about the relevance
                >of conlanging to linguistic study. We all know that linguistics can aid
                >conlangers, but in what ways can conlangers aid linguists? Or does it

                Conlangers are those who are interested in creation of languages. To create
                languages, you have to learn things about linguistic. Because a conlang has
                to be created by someone who interested in linguistic, the result is
                automaticaly a work that contains applications of linguistic theories so it
                has to have linguistic values

                >D. THE LISTSERV
                >1. How did you first hear of this list?

                By typing "conlang" on a search engine to read methods or ways to build a
                conlang some months ago

                >2. How long have you been on this listserv or on other related listservs?
                >Continuously? Infrequently? Off and on? More off than on and vice versa?

                I've read everything since last December

                >*3. What is the appeal of being on a listserv and contributing to it? Do
                >you think you contribute moderately or excessively, or not enough? Do you
                >tend to lurk ?

                My talking on the list has probably not contributed of anything excpet by
                throwing subjects on which others brought interesting things. The mojority
                of what I've posted are questions that y'all answered to

                >*4. For those of you who remember its inception, how has it changed over
                >the past decade?

                Wasn't here, sorry

                >*5. How helpful has the list been in developing your language? In learning
                >linguistic information?

                It learned me a lot of things via the questions I've asked and to which I've
                got answers. I'd probably have forgot conlanging without that list

                >6. What books have you consulted? On your own, or because you heard of them
                >on the list?

                On my own, I've read books went I got to the library, books about languages,
                grammars, language's families, but I didn't note the titles

                >*7. Do you peruse the websites of other conlangers?

                yes at least the phonology but I usually stop when I can't remember more: I
                try to learn the pronouns, the greetings, and as more I can and stop when I
                can't continue

                Reading a little of the other's conlangs' descriptions is the basic of the
                politeness, as I think

                >*8. Do you sense that people on this list are interested in your conlang
                >and give you feedback on it?

                I've never posted any conlang so nobody ever had interest in my conlangs

                >9. Have you ever set out to learn at least a little bit of someone’s
                >conlang, if only a word or two, or a phrase?

                phew I always try but can't... memory forgets

                >*10. Do you peruse Jeffrey Henning’s Langmaker.com site?

                No it needs a website and I don't ave any

                >*11. What on-line techniques do you use to showcase your conlang, such as
                >Audacity or other sound programs, Dreamweaver, Illustrator, Fontography,
                >and so forth? Did you hear of them on the list?


                >12. Have you ever tried to introduce a friend to the list?

                No, my friends are not interested in linguistic.

                >13. Do you know of anyone who does this kind of thing but who has never
                >heard of the list?


                >*14. What other lists do you frequent related to conlanging?


                >*15. What do you think will be the future of the list? I see it giving
                >birth to alternate lists like Conworld, Lostlanguages, Romlang, etc. What
                >improves the present list and its helpfulness or entertainment value?

                I hope it will not divide in half-dozen of lists that will divide again
                later. Combining subjects allows to pick what you want in the complete
                reference that's that list.

                >*16. What Internet technology would you most like to see developed that
                >would aid you in showcasing your language(s)?

                Technologicaly, internet didn't help me. Internet helped me only by being a
                great source of information, I don't wait for technologic help to do what
                can be done without

                >*17. What lists like conlang exist in other cultures and languages that you
                >know of?

                I don't know any others, but didn't search for neither

                >*18. There has been some terrific talk about CONLANG as a community. And
                >yet so many of us seem to want the world to know of it and respect it. Is
                >the CONLANG community enough?

                What would mean "know and respect it"? Do you really NEED expressed respect
                from people who really don't care about what we talk about?

                There are thousand of people out there that never tought that creating a
                language bould be possible and we'd want them to respect us... they never
                didn't respect us so what are we hoping for?

                >*19. In my 2000 on-line article
                >(http://journal.media-culture.org.au/0003/languages.php) I suggested that
                >the Internet "may provide a site that, with the impetus of competition and
                >showmanship, encourages inutile and obsessive activity"; I was quoting Jeff
                >Salamon’s article "Revenge of the Fanboys." Village Voice 13 Sep., 1994. He
                >wrote that over ten years ago. Do outsiders still entertain such notions,
                >do you think, about listservs like this one? Do you? To what extent has the
                >list increased obsessive development in you? Would you be inventing as
                >furiously as you are without the list or knowledge of other inventors?

                Sure, an "inutile and obsessive activity" is normal, but has it to be
                encouraged? An activity, hobby or passion, is what one choses to do and we
                don't have the right to impose, suggest, or encourage them..

                >20. If asked whether it is not better to turn your linguistic talents to
                >the learning and speaking of natural languages (a common response I’ve met
                >with and aimed at criticizing introversion or solipsism), how would you

                I'd say: "Could I not do both?"

                I've met that situation a lot of times

                >*21. In Elizabethan times there were the inkhorn neologisms. There were
                >ciphers and pasigraphies. Today there is conlanging. Do you think the
                >contemporary world is more open to language innovation or more closed?

                A great part of the modern worldis unconcious of it's existance. The world
                is neither open of closed, it simply lives with...

                >*22. What would Tolkien have done with such a community? He writes in "A
                >Secret Vice" that language inventors "hardly ever show their works to one
                >another, so none of them know who are the geniuses at the game, or who are
                >the splendid ‘primitives’." He suggests that perhaps in a later time
                >language invention will become respectable, and such things can be
                >exhibited. Have we reached that time?

                We are between these two times, the one of Tolkien and the moment when it
                will be respectable

                People will get shy of showing they conlang but there are a lot of people
                who will, tolerate, accept, understand, and be impressed by that

                >*23. Is there a danger that over-exposure can make conlanging "banal"? To
                >what extent is it exciting because it is a) considered disreputable,
                >"corny" or "mad," or b) largely unknown to the world? Does it have a
                >fizzle-out date? In other words, is it just a fad, or is it a natural
                >human inclination that will stand the test of time?

                How would it be banal?

                Is painting banal? Surely not, even if watching paintings is easy and
                normal. Same thing for all creations, the quantity doesn't disturb

                >Finally, may I have your permission to use any of this material of yours
                >for my academic work on conlanging? First name? last name? pseudonym?

                Sure, you can!
              • Sanghyeon Seo
                My plan was to answer to all replies in part 2 to be written, but I made a too big blunder... The beautiful language of Valdyas are named Ilaini , not
                Message 7 of 12 , Mar 2, 2005
                  My plan was to answer to all replies in "part 2" to be written,
                  but I made a too big blunder...

                  The beautiful language of Valdyas are named "Ilaini", not "Iliani".

                  Seo Sanghyeon
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