Periodontal disease is the combination of multiple diseases which includes local n multiple factors. It consists of chronic inflammation of gums with the loss of alveolar bone. It is a disease which has an effect on one or more periodontal tissues. Traditionally Periodontal disease is divided into two categories:-
TREATMENT (Conventional Therapy)
Successful treatment of this disease includes removal of plaque and calculus that is being accumulated on the teeth. This treatment is called debridment which is performed by using ultrasonic instruments which breaks down the calculus resulting into its easy removal. This treatment called debridment helps in removing the heavy staining and calculus accumulated on the lingual surface of the mandibular anterior teeth near the gum line.
Scaling and Root planning otherwise known as conventional periodontal therapy or non surgical periodontal therapy is to remove or eliminate the etiological agents which cause inflammation. Periodontal scaling procedures into removal of plaque, calculus and stain from the crown and root surfaces of teeth, whereas root planning is a specific treatment that removes the roughened cementum and surface dentin (calcified tissue of the teeth) that is impregnated with calculus, microorganisms and their toxins.
Full mouth disinfection refers to an intense course of periodontitis typically involving scaling and root planning in combination with adjunctive use of systematic antibiotics as well as use of local antimicrobial adjuncts to periodontal treatment such as chlorhexidine.
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