- The reason for Hooker's late attack was his necessity of re-building a bridge over Chattanooga Creek, which the rebels had burned on their retreat from Lookout Mountain.
--- In email@example.com, Patricia Swan <pbswan@...> wrote:
> I thought that "envelopment" meant going around the flank(s) to get
> behind the enemy, not just attacking on the flank(s). If this is a
> correct definition, then Grant's plans at Chattanooga would seem to be
> flank attacks, not envelopments. Sherman was to get up on Missionary
> Ridge at the north end and "roll up" Bragg's army from that point.
> Hooker was to do likewise at the south end. Thomas was to hold the
> middle. As it turned out, Thomas' troops broke through the middle,
> aided by a somewhat late attack on the Confederate left flank by
> Hooker. Sherman was stopped by Cleburne's troops and did not "roll up"
> Bragg's army from his right flank. Thus, Grant's plans for attacks on
> Bragg's flanks were not very successful, while Thomas's troops did more
> than their planned part. It seems, therefore, that this battle was not
> a good example of attacks on the flank(s) and certainly not an envelopment.