Modestly, might I recommend the "Maps of Chickamauga" which will give you a
good idea of where they fought each day.
The 27th was in Bradley's Brigade, Sheridan's Division, 20th Corps. They
came onto the field late in the day on the 19th, They moved into the woods
behind the 72nd at the SW corner of Viniard Field, west of Lafayette road, and
then, in the wake of Benning's retreat, Sheridan ordered them to counter-attack.
They moved across the road, got to about midfield, and took heavy fire. They
were repulsed, losing about 15-20% losses, along with Bradley, who was wounded.
This happened at about 5 or 5:30 pm Sept 19.
Viniard field is confusing because there are monuments to Carlin's, Barnes'
Buell's and Bradley's Brigades all in the field east of the road. Buell has
monume Bear in mind that they all represent thrusts into the field at
different times. Carlin got there first, at about 2 pm. Buell comes into line
along the road at about 3, Barnes' came in at 3:30, and then Bradley at 5:30.
Give or take.
On the 20th, the 27th is noteworthy for being the only regiment in
Sheridan's command not routed off the field. At midday on the 20th, in response
to the Breakthrough at Brotherton field, Bradley's brigade, now commanded by
Walworth, was moving up the road from the Widow' Glenn's (where Wilder tower is
today) to Dyer field. Lytle's Brigade was ahead of them.
Walworth's line was attacked by parts of Manigault's and Anderson's
Brigades of Hindman's Division. the four regiments all faced right and fought in
the woods along the road in a rough line between Widow Glenn and Recreation
field, facing east. this time the 27th was last in line. As a result, they
suffered less then the other regiments, and managed to remain intact. At about
12:15, Wilder's brigade came up on the 27th's right, and drove Manigault back in
a fierce counter-attack.
The other three regiments of the brigade were routed, but the 27th held
position, gathering up stragglers and covering the retreat of Battery G 1 MO,
until Colonel Jonathon R. Miles ordered a retreat about an hour later. The 27th
was the nucleus around which the Brigade reformed on the hills west of the
The brigade took 1391 men into action, lost 514, for 37% losses. The 27th
was luckier (if we can call it luck) than the rest of the regiments, especially
on the 20th, and took 463 men into the fight, losing 91, for 20%.
the John Glenn Letters and Theodore Jansen Memoir, both at the Lincoln
Presidential Library, Springfield, might help you in reading up on the unit.
the Keithsburg (IL) Observer newspaper has letters from the 27th published
in it, might be worth getting through interlibrary loan.
In a message dated 3/28/2010 2:37:51 A.M. Central Daylight Time,
bgodby@.... com writes:
help you a little. The 27th has a monument located to the east of Lafayette Rd
in the area of the Viniard House. There is also a marker for them north east
of the Widow Glenn House.
Good luck with your search,
---- Dan G <dan6764@yahoo. com> wrote:
> I recently
discovered that I had a relative by the name of Joseph Whitson of the 27th
Illinois that was wounded at Chickamauga. Actually a first cousin twice
removed. Anyway, I have been trying to find where the 27th was engaged at
Chickamauga. Not having a lot of success. None of the books I have even
mention them that I can find. All I know is they were not engaged on the first
day. There is one after action report that is on the internet but it
does not tell me a lot..
> Does anybody have any info on where
they fought and what happened?? I am going to be visiting the park in a
few months and would like to have a little knowledge before I go
> Thanks in advance for your help
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