- Another point that I question in Ecelbarger's book: he claims that
Dennis brigade had been marching since 3:00 a.m. without breakfast.
In the O.R., and I don't have the attribution immediately at hand,
McPherson's corps was roused from sleep at 3:30 a.m. with almost no
visible moon (24% waning crescent). Twilight broke at 4:39 a.m.
I could see pulling off a night march in friendly terrain. I could
see maybe pulling a night march in enemy terrain with a full moon to
light the way. But a night march in enemy terrain in almost total
Unless someone can convince me otherwise, I am going to assume that
the Union troops used the hour between 3:30 a.m. and 4:30 a.m. to eat
breakfast and fall into formation, and were on the way to Raymond at
(and deployed into line of battle with skirmishers thrown forward at
7:30 a.m., so they had moved about 9 miles in three hours)