--- In email@example.com
, DPowell334@A... wrote:
> Sorry, sent the message on without fully replying:
> > This is confirmed by the quote: "Your orders before leaving Kentucky,
> > and frequently repeated since, were to connect your right with General
> > Rosecrans' left, so that, if the enemy concentrated on one, the other
> > would be able to assist." Did Burnside assist Rosecrans in light of
> > the concentration against the latter? No.
> Dude, you just got through chastizing me, stating, "Stop accusing me
> asserting that 'Burnside did nothing to help Rosecrans.' That is
> wrong of you."
> Now, in this paragraph, you are saying that Burnside did not assist
> Rosecrans. I know that consistancy is the hobgoblin of little minds,
but I it seems to
> me you just contradicted own post.
Dave (I'll call you that, if you'll call me "dude"),
Burnside made some movements toward Rosecrans.
His movements, in my opinion, were clearly inadequate in light of his
orders and the situation.
His movements, furthermore, were so limited that he did not "assist"
Rosecrans. I cannot think of any action which he took which ended up
helping Rosecrans or hurting Bragg to any appreciable degree (even if
he had followed orders completely, he may not have assisted Rosecrans
depending upon the circumstances). In reality, his movements to
assist were so little and so late that they did not amount to
"Assistance" is not congruous with a "movement to assist."
> In fact, Rosecrans and Burnside's flanks were connected, and they
> contact with each other from September 12th on. Burnside fulfilled
Those were just the orders, if I understand you correctly, to at least
connect with the cavalry.
He never fulfilled the later orders to move to Rosecrans with all
> He was also trying to fulfill Halleck's OTHER orders, the ones
telling him to
> secure the VA State line and the North Carolina passes. I note that
> not commented on those yet.
Those orders, IIRC, came before the orders to move to Rosecrans' support.
> More seriously, I suspect the problem you are having here is the
> Rosecrans changed the objective in midstream, and thus left Burnside
> position. Originally, when Burnside and Rosecrans discussed this
> June, the objective was Chattanooga. After taking Chattanooga and
> Rosecrans intended to pause and build up supplies like he did after
> Once across the Tennessee, however, Rosecrans became convinced that
> headed for Rome (another 50 miles south of Chattanooga, and
> any support Burnside could project) and entered a pursuit immediately.
> Crittenden informed Burnside of this move on Sept 13 or so, which
freed Burnside to
> concentrate on closing what the Federals all regarded as the rear
> the VA-TN RR connection.
That's fine and dandy until he got orders which clearly told him to
support Rosecrans (forgetting for now that Burnside allowed Buckner to
join Bragg without Burnside doing anything about it).
> This was a real concern. In fact, Burnside was receiving reports all
> september that Lee was either sending Ewell's Corps or leading it to
SW Va to
> attack Burnside, recapture ETENN, and strike at Rosecrans; rear. In
> himself lamented after the fact that if he had known that Burnside
> to occupy East Tenn in strength, he would have sent Longstreet to
> instead of Chattanooga.
That's fine and dandy until he got his new orders. His available
forces included those in the northeast. Instead of putting some of
them in a defensive posture and moving with the rest to support
Rosecrans as his orders mandated, he and many of his troops stayed in
the northeast trying to deal with that enemy.
> To return to the basic point, however, Rosecrans fundamental
> the strategic objective also rendered Burnside moot as far as mutual
No. Rosecrans' alteration should have had no effect on Burnsides'
orders. They were to move all available force to Rosey's support, and
Burnside didn't do that.
> > You have yet to respond to my charge that Buckner's leaving East
> > Tennessee to join Bragg should have caused Burnside to balance that
> > fact. Burnside didn't and Chattanooga resulted (although many other
> > blunders were also made).
> I am not sure what you mean by this. In fact, Buckner's retreat is
> hat Burnside and Rosey hoped for when they discussed operations in
> Conversely, Buckner and Bragg most feared the idea that Burnside
would not join with
> Rosey, but instead occupy East Tennesse. Burnside's move into East
> helped Rosecrans in his most important goal, the unimpeded crossing
> Tennessee, which proved such a devastating surprise for Bragg by
Sept 3 or so.
> However, Buckner moved south to the Athens -Cleveland area, and Hill
> north towards the Hiwassee specifically to meet a crossing threat above
> Chattanooga. The unification that you suggest here is exactly what
Bragg was hoping
> for, so he could defeat the Federal thrust as it crossed above
> while the Federals were still entrapped in crossing the river. Hill and
> Forrest actually discussed offensive plans along the north bank on
> since Rosecrans did not seem inclined to cross above on his own part.
> Buckner's retreat created exactly the strategic vacuum Rosey and
> counted on, and I think they took advantage of it.
Once Buckner moved away from Burnside's front and joined Bragg,
Burnside should have realized that Rosecrans would need that much more
support. If Buckner, instead, stayed in front of Burnside, then
Burnside would have been responsible for helping Rosecrans counter
him. Think about this analogy: if Buell knew that the forces which
just evacuated Nashville moved to Corinth in order to gang up on
Grant, it was then his responsibility to support Grant.
> I am curious, however, what you think Burn should have done. Please be
> specific, in terms of troops, crossings, etc. Random speculation is
fun, but not
> really very useful from an operational planning basis.
As suggestions (but these depend on a number of factors):
Once Burnside received his emphatic orders, he should have followed
them. He should have had much of his northeastern forces immediately
move south by march and rail to Loudon; the remainder should have
obstructed roads and taken a defensive posture to counter any CSA
advance; Burnside himself should have been in the South; he should
have had his engineers immediately obtain boats or bridging for
crossing around Loudon; he should have stripped much of the garrisons
in the middle part of E Tenn. and the gap and had the incoming 9th
Corps take over for them. Once the troops were concentrated in the
south and a means of crossing obtained, he should have moved quickly
Instead he had troops in the northeast move away from the destination
listed in his orders; troops from Knoxville were ordered further east
(until countermanded the next day, IIRC), engineers worked on
fortifications at Knoxville, and his force as a whole did not move
towards Rosecrans in any great strength or any great hurry.
> Dave Powell