Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

Re: Union Artillery

Expand Messages
  • carlw4514
    Very nice contribution, sir, and seems correct in all aspects
    Message 1 of 66 , May 2, 2005
    • 0 Attachment
      Very nice contribution, sir, and seems correct in all aspects


      --- In civilwarwest@yahoogroups.com, "Jeff" <jblake47@y...> wrote:
      > I've been following along with this discussion and wanted to get all
      > the info absorbed before jumping in.
      >
      > All field artillery batteries had a limber equipped with:
      >
      > solid shot
      > shell (hollow ball filled with powder)
      > case shot (hollow ball filled with powder and small balls)
      > canister
      >
      > Observations
      >
      > All types of shot and shell were used by the artillery for the
      > various purposes for which they were designed, and some for purposes
      > not designed, i.e. firing case shot with no fuse so it would explode
      > in the barrel and be ejected in a canister like manner against close
      > infantry when the canister rounds were not available.
      >
      > Solid shot - good to take out wheels on opposing artillery pieces to
      > make them immoble and easier to capture. Same for the wheels on the
      > supply wagons. Also good for enflade fire on a line of infantry.
      > With the ball's inertia going down the line, a large number of troops
      > could be killed or injured with just one round.
      >
      > Shell - Good for concussion, into woods to shrapnel wood splinters,
      > into the ground in front of charging cavalry, etc. More of a nusance
      > round, but extremely unnerving.
      >
      > Case shot - same as above but with a mean bite instead of just being
      > a loud nusance. Exploding 10' over the heads of an infantry line
      > will definitely give notice.
      >
      > Both shell and case shot were dependent upon fuses. The
      > effectiveness of the fuses depended on the knowledge of the
      > cannoneer, his ability to judge distance, calculation on length of
      > fuse, accuracy of fuse cut and whether or not the fuse ignited. The
      > ingnition rate was about 97%.
      >
      > Obviously the case shot balls were of a small size.
      >
      > Canister shot was 1.0 caliber or 1" in diameter, which was 3-4X's the
      > size of an infantryman's minnie ball, which varied from .54 - .69
      > generally for the common majority of weapons.
      >
      > "Canister" shot larger than 1.0 caliber were really grape shot used
      > in naval guns to strip ships of their rigging. The balls needed to
      > be bigger to affect a more damaging effect on a more solid target
      > than flesh and bone.
      >
      > Canister could be double charged with or without second powder bag
      > with no ill-effect. When underfire, stripping the second bag off
      > wasn't really of major concern as was getting the gun loaded.
      >
      > Triple canister will flip the gun over as was the case when it was
      > tried at Gettysburg, Day three against Pickett's men.
      >
      > The firing effect of a battery of 6 guns using canister is the
      > equivelent of a regiment of infantry (1,000 men) If you wish to do
      > the math on that, please figure in that with the size and velocity of
      > the canister ball, it did in fact hit more than one man.
      >
      > One must also consider the fact that firing canister in a rifled gun
      > will put out a donut shaped pattern so as to have men directly in
      > front of the gun getting missed by the projectiles but those to their
      > right and left were hit. Smoothbores maintained the normal "shotgun"
      > type of pattern and were far more effective.
      >
      > Jeff
      >
    • Donald Pontious
      ... A Napoleon is a 12pdr, period, not a 6pdr or 20 pdr. The term 12pdr refers to the weight of the solid shot that the smooth bore cannon used.
      Message 66 of 66 , May 3, 2005
      • 0 Attachment
        On 5/3/05, hank9174 <clarkc@...> wrote:
        > >
        > > Hmmm, that's strange, I always thought the term Napolean meant the
        > > style of gun, not it's caliber. I could have even bet that the 6#
        > > Napolean was also a common gun on the field.
        > >
        >
        > The Napoleon style (stubby bronze tubes) did not scale well. A 12
        > pounder is an incredibly heavy load.
        >
        > There are 20-lb Parrotts, which are rifled, but no 20-lb Napoleons
        > which are smoothbores...
        >
        > HankC

        A Napoleon is a 12pdr, period, not a 6pdr or 20 pdr. The term "12pdr"
        refers to the weight of the solid shot that the smooth bore cannon
        used.
      Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.