Re: [civilwarwest] Re: Questions on Shiloh
>Johnston > Grant, but, Johnston + Van Dorn < Grant +Buell.
>The CS army outnumbered Grant,Not exactly. Leaving behind over 7,000 sick at
Corinth, Johnston had 43,000 to Grant's 39,000 WITHOUT
>Grant was in a bad defensive position, Buell wasexpected momentarily (on the 'wrong' side of the
But if this was a problem for Grant, why the great
concern about their "unification?"
>so was Van Dorn (on the 'correct' side),Van Dorn was a week away from Corinth, and at least
another two days away from Pittsburgh Landing.
>there was much supply at Pittsburg Landing (thoughretrieving it would be difficult), the landing itself
was a bottleneck for arriving US troops. It was an
opportunity to destroy the US bridgehead before it was
well consolidated and prevent it's uture use as a
Makes no sense.
>Here's what Beauregard had to say:Long after the war, and long after the failure had put
him on the shelf....
>This movement by Lew Wallace was days earlier andalarmed the CSA of a strike toward the north-south
railroad out of Corinth. Beauregard thought
(incorrectly) that Grant was gearing up for an attack.
They weren't watching that closely. No such movement
or motive appears anywhere in the record. The
Confederate attack occoured as soon as the rations
were assembled, and that took over a week and were
inadequate, in any case.
>I think it was Ruggles who, in March, surveyed theriver, it's landings and road network to ensure the
CSA had the information to quickly counteract any
raids similar to an earlier one by Sherman...
No. Ruggles wasn't in the area. No one had
adequately mapped the area for the Confederates, and
Beauregard said as much _during_ the planning.
> No knowing how the enemy is deployed is enough NOTto
>In that case there would never be any attacks ;)
John D. Beatty, Milwaukee Wisconsin
"History is the only test for the consequences of ideas"
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The British navy had two main problems going right up the
1) the sandbars at the mouth of the river precluded the larger
warships from entering the river, so only smaller warships could be
used in any attack on Fort St. Philip (which is what happened, and
they were repulsed). The sandbars were normally dredged during peace
time, but during both the War of 1812, and the ACW, the blockade
caused dredging to be suspended (at least until N.O. was captured).
2) the British ships could ONLY rely on wind power, so once past the
sandbars, the wind had to be just right to make their way upriver
against the current. The British command estimated at least a week
to travel the 100 miles upstream to the fort.
Farragut's advantage, obviously, was steam power. His ships got
through the sandbars by literally ramming them over and over until
they broke through. Even so, the "Colorado" (Farragut's largest
ship) could not get into the river. Also, when the forts were
passed, the U.S. ships could travel faster against the current, which
meant less time under the guns of the forts. Without that added
advantage, IMO he would have been blasted back.
I highly recommend an excellent book, "The War of 1812" by John K.
Mahon. It is concise (386 pgs of text, 60 pgs of notes and
bibliography), yet a quite detailed account of the entire war for
anyone who is interested in finding out more about this relatively
unknown and fascinating era of our past.
--- In email@example.com, "carlw4514" <carlw4514@y...>
> . . . neither the Brits or the Yankees seemed to have contemplated
> this for the assault on these forts. It seems to me that the forts
> were first to be blasted into rubble before the infantry could
> finish the job, as far as the Brits were concerned or as far as the
> original Union plan went. Maybe I'm jumping to conclusions.
> -- In 27927, "hartshje" <Hartshje@a...> wrote:
> > Carl,
> > I really don't think the forts had any effect on Butler's
> > landing. I believe it was assumed by just about everybody
> > (except Farragut) that the forts would have to be put out of
> > commission before the navy could go upriver. That was going to
> > be Butler's job if Porter's mortars weren't successful (which
> > they weren't). Farragut seems to be the only one who believed
> > they could "run" the gauntlet, making the forts pretty useless.
> > It would be interesting to know if Farragut really knew how close
> > the Rebs were to getting the "Louisiana" & "Mississippi" up and
> > running, or if he just wanted to prove the navy could do it on
> > their own.
> Have trolled a bit and found nothing to indicate exactly what his
> intel on this might have been. At
> there are some reports on worrisome developments of rebel Ironclads
> at N.O. that might find their way upriver, but nothing in the way
> of what Farragut might have known just before attacking. Farragut
> could be a bit impulsive, I think, but there is no reason to think
> he would have wanted to contend with the forts and then tangle with
> a Reb navy that had anything close to equity. I have to think the
> Union Intel had the skinny.