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Confederate Cavalry

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  • csacavalier@aol.com
    The following was written by Major John M. Galloway, Cavalry, CSA and is taken from the book The Gray Riders by Lee Jacobs. It would relate to previous
    Message 1 of 2 , Nov 6, 2000
      The following was written by Major John M. Galloway, Cavalry, CSA and is
      taken from the book "The Gray Riders" by Lee Jacobs. It would relate to
      previous discussions (and future ones) as to the outfitting of the
      Confederate soldier.

      "The Confederate trooper had issued to him a saddle, a haversack, a
      canteen, a bridle, and English Carbine, a nondescript sabre. A new recruit
      was always advised to throw away or not draw any of these things, but wait
      until a battle gave him a chance to get 'something worth totin'. The saddle
      ruined a horse's back, the canteen leaked, the haversack of cotton cloth was
      no protection, the English carbine was muzzle-loading and would not carry a
      ball fifty yards accurately.
      "The Yankee McClellan saddle was and is the best army saddle ever
      invented by the wit of man. The canteen would hold a quart and was covered
      with woolen cloth, cork stopper chained to the canteen, complete in every
      way. The haversack was capacious and waterproof. Each trooper had a Spencer
      rifle which would shoot eight times without reloading and then could be
      reloaded at the breech for eight shots more, more quickly than the English
      carbine for one shot. These rifles would shoot accurately 1,000 yards, and
      would carry further and with more accuracy than the English Carbine. Each
      Yankee thus had fourteen shots to the Confederate's one, each one of the
      fourteen more capable of doing harm than the Confederate's one.
      "The only wonder is that the Confederate ever stood before him at all. He
      only did it by capturing his armament. It was a certain sign of a new recruit
      to see him with any article of Confederate equipment about him.
      "All military men agree that the fighting capacity of men depends on
      physical vigor and efficient equipment. Physical vigor depends greatly on
      healthy food and protection from the weather. The Confederates had 1/4th
      pound of Nassau bacon and 1/2 pound of cornmeal. The Federals had the full
      United States Army rations - meat, bread, vegetables, coffee and sugar.
      "The Confederates had no tent, no fly cloths, and very little clothes
      except what he got from home. The Federals had tents for their camps and on
      the march every man had half of a rubber fly tent. In bivouac two men joined
      their flys, stretched it over a pole and were protected from the hardest rain
      or severest frost."


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