- The following was written by Major John M. Galloway, Cavalry, CSA and is
taken from the book "The Gray Riders" by Lee Jacobs. It would relate to
previous discussions (and future ones) as to the outfitting of the
"The Confederate trooper had issued to him a saddle, a haversack, a
canteen, a bridle, and English Carbine, a nondescript sabre. A new recruit
was always advised to throw away or not draw any of these things, but wait
until a battle gave him a chance to get 'something worth totin'. The saddle
ruined a horse's back, the canteen leaked, the haversack of cotton cloth was
no protection, the English carbine was muzzle-loading and would not carry a
ball fifty yards accurately.
"The Yankee McClellan saddle was and is the best army saddle ever
invented by the wit of man. The canteen would hold a quart and was covered
with woolen cloth, cork stopper chained to the canteen, complete in every
way. The haversack was capacious and waterproof. Each trooper had a Spencer
rifle which would shoot eight times without reloading and then could be
reloaded at the breech for eight shots more, more quickly than the English
carbine for one shot. These rifles would shoot accurately 1,000 yards, and
would carry further and with more accuracy than the English Carbine. Each
Yankee thus had fourteen shots to the Confederate's one, each one of the
fourteen more capable of doing harm than the Confederate's one.
"The only wonder is that the Confederate ever stood before him at all. He
only did it by capturing his armament. It was a certain sign of a new recruit
to see him with any article of Confederate equipment about him.
"All military men agree that the fighting capacity of men depends on
physical vigor and efficient equipment. Physical vigor depends greatly on
healthy food and protection from the weather. The Confederates had 1/4th
pound of Nassau bacon and 1/2 pound of cornmeal. The Federals had the full
United States Army rations - meat, bread, vegetables, coffee and sugar.
"The Confederates had no tent, no fly cloths, and very little clothes
except what he got from home. The Federals had tents for their camps and on
the march every man had half of a rubber fly tent. In bivouac two men joined
their flys, stretched it over a pole and were protected from the hardest rain
or severest frost."