This battle certainly underscores that the Union was unprepared for
the CS invasion of KY. Why do you think that was so?
--- In email@example.com, GnrlJEJohnston@a... wrote:
> SYNOPSIS OF BATTLE OF RICHMOND
> PART 2
> Nelson having arrived on the field about 2:00 p.m. the broken Union
> formations under his command fell back to the edge of the town.
Here Kirby Smith
> ordered a last general advance, three of his brigades in a single
long line more
> than half a mile wide. McNair replacing McCray's exhausted men on
> Confederate Left, Hill at the center and Preston Smith's own brigade
on the Right,
> against 2200 men Nelson had whipped into a line from the Lancaster
Pike to the Old
> State Road at Richmond Cemetary. Three volleys broke this final
> Scott's cavalry having ridden west and north around the town
> virtually all of Nelson's fleeing army by nightfall. The most
> figures from the Official Records show that Nelson lost 206 killed,
844 wounded and
> 4303 missing (most of them prisoners) for an aggregate of 5353. The
> Confederates (counting McCray's losses which are not included in
Kirby Smith's report)
> 98 killed, 492 wounded and 10 missing, for a total of exactly 600.
> Most of the Federal Infantry was from Indiana, one unit from
> one from Kentucky, the artillery from Michigan and the cavalry from
> The Confederates were largely from Tennessee, Arkansas, and Texas,
> cavalry and artillery from Louisiana, Georgia, Florida, Texas,
> Tennessee, and Kentucky.
> In appraising the action, Manson can hardly be faulted for
> receiving Nelson's delayed order nor for his initial advance, which
> terrain in front of him but his advance with the green troops at his
> if he did intend it as a flanking action, against a tough veteran
> southeast of Mt Zion Church was foolhardy. Cruft appears to have
> sensible, solid officer overwhelmed by events beyond his control.
> arrived on the field too late; Napoleon under the circumstances
could hardly have
> reversed such a disaster. Kirby Smith, Cleburne, until he was
> Churchill handled their better trained units with calm skill.
> particular demonstrating the keen tactical perception and rapidity
of action which
> won him the title of "the Stonewall Jackson of the West." (JEJ's
Note: It was
> Cleburne that designed the Confederate strategy and tactics for this
> The inexperienced Union infantry at many places fought with courage
> determination; the veteran Confederate footsoldiers with fine order
> Scott's cavalry was generally dominant during almost all of the
> Federal horse never got to the battle at all, and of its two
regiments on the
> field, one, Metcalfe's 7th Kentucky, behaved disgracefully from the
> skirmish at Big Hill to the retreat from Rogersville, where it first
> while Metcalfe was out in front of it and then turned and road over
> infantry. The artillery on both sides was well served. Capt James
> of the 1st Texas, temporarily commanding all three of Kirby Smith's
> particularly distinguishing himself.
> Tactically, the Confederate victory was one of the most
> the entire war, but was negated by the failure of Bragg, when he got
> Kentucky, and Smith to develop a single coherent strategic plan for
> advantage that they had won, or to coordinate their forces
effectively in the
> campaign that ended with their retreat from Perryville.
> The local effects of the battle were several. Madison County
> bittely divided as to its loyalties, and the outcome of the fighting
resulted in a
> temporary ascendancy of the Southern sympathizers, who promptly
> regiment of Confederate cavalry: Col. David W. Chenault's 11th
> Well as Porky Pig would say, " Tha tha that's all folks"