46903Re: Retreat and Fall Back
- Jan 1, 2011My question has always been: why was Holly Springs left so vulnerable to a Calvary raid, considering its strategic importance?
--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "hank9174" <clarkc@...> wrote:
> very good synopsis.
> In some ways this is similar to Lee's treatment of Pope along the Rappahannock prior to the battle of 2nd Manassas.
> This time Hood (in the role of Lee) is trying to prevent/destroy Schofield (in the role of Pope) from combining with Thomas (in the role of McClellan) in the Nashville defenses (playing the role of Washington DC).
> Of course, Lee then split his army (he had that habit) sending Jackson on an end-run and Little Mac was farther away than Thomas.
> --- In email@example.com, DORR64OVI@ wrote:
> > Once Thomas determines that Hoods intention is to fight his army and not
> > follow Sherman into GA, Old Paps plan is to concentrate his forces. Until
> > Hood shows his hand about where he intends to move, either toward Knoxville
> > or northward into Ky, Thomas prepares to check him either at Murfreesboro or
> > Chattanooga.
> > Thomas orders Schofield to move gradually back from Pulaski to Columbia
> > in case Hoods moves this way. When the telegraph lines get cut between
> > Thomas and Schofield, Thomas believes at this point that Hoods objective is
> > Nashville and not Chattanooga.
> > At Columbia Schofield is fooled by the appearance of Hoods artillery.
> > He fails to see that it is a trick to hold him in place while Hood crosses
> > the Duck River and move to cut him off at Spring Hill. After delaying for
> > 12 some hours, Wilsons cavalry patrols reveal Hoods intentions and
> > Schofield sends the 4th Corps hastily up the Columbia Pike. Only Hoods own blunder
> > at Spring Hill in failling to attack saves Schofield from capture and the
> > Federals march past Hoods campfires on the retreat to Franklin and
> > Nashville.
> > When Thomas gets the word that Hood has crossed the Duck River and is
> > moving north, it is at this point that he orders his forces to concentrate
> > at Nashville. Schofield is slowly retreating to Franklin where he must
> > cross the Harpeth River. Thomas orders him to defend Franklin while crossing
> > and hopes Schofield can hold for three days to allow Smiths reeinforcements
> > to arrive at Nashville. Schofield replies that he cant hold Franklin and
> > Thomas then orders him to pull his army back to Nashville.
> > Approaching Franklin, Hood orders a frontal assault which is repulsed
> > with heavy losses. Schofield continues his retreat to Nashville after dark
> > and reaches the cities defenses on Dec 1. Hood follows Schofield to
> > Nashville, but his losses have weakened his force so that it cannot attack
> > Thomas. Hood has now lost the critical element of initiative and Thomas has
> > time to strengthen his forces especially his cavalry. Despite fears of Hoods
> > intentions and ability to move by Washington and Grant, Thomas waits out
> > the Dec weather and finally attacks Hood, smashing him over the course of
> > two days.
> > So it appears that Schofields moves are a retreat which ultimately
> > reveal Hoods intentions.
> > Kent Dorr
> > In a message dated 12/27/2010 10:14:01 A.M. Eastern Standard Time,
> > clarkc@ writes:
> > Of course, in Schofield's mind (and his men) there is no withdrawal or
> > fall back.
> > Nashville is his destination from the beginning of the move from Atlanta.
> > Thomas considers moving forward to Brentwood but decides to wait for
> > Smith's divisions and remains concentrated at Nashville - especially with
> > Forrest's whereabouts unknown.
> > A number of garrisons at Chattanooga and northern Alabama are also ordered
> > to concentrate toward Murfreesboro. These units had been placed to provide
> > early warning and delay of such a move as Hood's. Once the move is
> > discovered and well-developed, their mission is over md they are free to be
> > re-deployed. Whether the new move is backward, forward or sideways is situation
> > dependent.
> > HankC
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