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43591RE: [civilwarwest] Re: Gunshots they claim killed Bill Anderson.

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  • Bob Huddleston
    May 6, 2007
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      Of your sources, only two are of any value: Col. Cox's after action report
      and the 1924 newspaper account of Col. Hackley. (I assume it is a typo - the
      town is "Mobley").

      Unless there are good footnotes that you did not supply, none of the
      secondary accounts are worth anything. The closest would be Harrison Trow.
      However, his book, _Charles W. Quantrell; a True History of His Guerrilla
      Warfare on the Missouri and Kansas Border During the Civil War of 1861-1865
      _, published in 1923, is a mishmash of rumor and legend. His recounting of
      Anderson's death reads like a movie and does not conform to either Cox's
      after action report, or other contemporary accounts. And as near as I can
      determine, he was not with Anderson in Ray County - indeed I could not
      determine if he was even with Quantrell during Price's Raid.

      You missed some other OR references to Anderson's demise. Samuel P. Cox was
      major of the First Battalion, Missouri State Militia from April 1862 until
      his resignation in January 1864. James Craig, commander of the "Enrolled
      Missouri Militia" (it requires a score card to keep track of all the
      different versions of troops, both Yankee and Rebel in Missouri!), asked Cox
      to serve without pay or commission, and get Anderson. Cox did.

      According to Craig, Cox secured from Anderson's body his pocket note book,
      containing letters from his wife, two orders to Anderson from Price, and a
      locket of his wife's hair. The body was identified by several residents
      while it was lying at the Richmond Court House. (Craig to Rosecrans's
      adjutant general, 30 October 1864, 86 OR 334). In addition, a report on the
      fight mentions a Confederate flag with an inscription from a female admirer,
      "Presented to W. L. (sic) Anderson by his friend, F.M.R. Let it not be
      contaminated by Fed. Hands." (See Castel, _Bloody Bill Anderson: The Short
      Savage Life of a Civil War Guerrilla _, 126)

      Your contention about the wounds received is a non-story. Hackley is
      recalling something which happened sixty-one years before and one would
      expect his details to be sketchy. You will note that his mother, a cousin,
      identified the body as Anderson's. By the way, the photographer was Dr.
      Robert Kice, a dentist in Richmond who had a sideline taking pictures. Not
      Tice. Obviously the man who was photographed did not get shot though the
      head from rear to front. The contemporary reports say twice in the side of
      the head, which is consistent with Anderson riding into Cox's lines, not in
      the back, unless it was "friendly fire"!

      The finest historians on the Civil War in Missouri are Albert Castel, who
      had published several well researched books on what William Freehling calls
      "the world class guerilla war" in the state; Thomas Goodrich, especially his
      _Black Flag: Guerrilla Warfare on the Western Border, 1861-1865 _; and
      Michael Fellman, _ Inside War: The Guerrilla Conflict in Missouri During the
      American Civil War _. They are in agreement that it was Anderson who was
      killed near Albany, Mo., in October, 1864. The body was not mutilated,
      except for the ring finger being cut off - which can be seen in the photos.
      Anderson was buried in an unmarked grave, after which some of the militia
      urinated on it.

      BTW, did you write the biography in Wikipedia?

      Take care,

      Bob

      Judy and Bob Huddleston
      10643 Sperry Street
      Northglenn, CO 80234-3612
      303.451.6376 Huddleston.r@...

      And so to the end of history, murder shall breed murder, always in the name
      of right and honour and peace, until the Gods are tired of blood and create
      a race that can understand." - George Bernard Shaw, "Caesar and Cleopatra"
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