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22535Re: Flag Flap

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  • aldrichr@dsmo.com
    Dec 1, 2000
    • 0 Attachment
      --- In civilwarwest@egroups.com, "Margaret D. Blough"
      <102505.271@C...> wrote:
      > Message text written by INTERNET:civilwarwest@egroups.com
      > >
      > IMHO The following statement seems to be rhetorical and false.
      > >>"The message that was sent when it [the Georgia State flag] was
      > adopted was a message of defiance to the federal Constitution,
      > government, and courts and a message to the Black citizens of that
      > state that the state would engage in Massive Resistance to any and
      > all efforts to protect and enforce the rights of Blacks under the
      US
      > Constitution, especially the 14th and 15th Amendments" >>
      >
      > In 1955, an Atlanta attorney suggested a new state flag for Georgia
      > that would embody the Confederate Battle Flag, also known as the
      > "Southern Cross". During the 1956 session of the general assembly,
      > state senators introduced Senate Bill 98 to change the state flag
      to
      > incorporate the battle flag. It had previously held the First
      > National Flag, better known as the "Stars and Bars". This was
      signed
      > into law of Feb. 13, 1956. John Bell, the designer of this flag,
      > stated that the purpose for the change was to honor ancestors who
      > fought and died.
      >
      > Rosa Parks, after a long day of work refused to give up her seat to
      a
      > man on December 1, 1955. This lead to her arrest and trial, a 381-
      day
      > Montgomery bus boycott, and, finally, the Supreme Court's ruling in
      > November 1956 that segregation on transportation is
      unconstitutional.
      > This is generally regarded as the beginning of the civil rights
      > movement.
      >
      > The Atlanta Journal, in a 1992 investigation of the changing of the
      > flag, stated that no evidence exists to link the change with racial
      > motives. For all practical purposes, the "Stars and Stripes"
      > represents the enslavement of a race of people. One should also
      look
      > to our neighbors here in the south. Take the time to look at
      > Tennessee, Florida, Arkansas, and Alabama for echoes of that Battle
      > Flag. These, and especially Mississippi, must be next on the grand
      > 'racism symbol' score which must be settled.
      >
      > Ed Roberts a.k.a. Rockeur
      > Atlanta, GEORGIA
      > <
      >
      > Ed,
      >
      > There was a little thing known as "Brown v. Board of Education of
      Topeka
      > Kansas, et al." that had been decided in 1954, which overruled the
      1896
      > decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson" and Plessy's approval of "separate
      but
      > equal" (Plessy actually dealt with a Jim Crow transportation
      system).
      > Brown was the culmination of a series of lawsuits, principally by
      the NAACP
      > Legal Defense Fund, that attacked segregation at its legal
      foundations
      > with the overturning of Plessy as its goal. Rosa Parks' act was
      not all
      > that spontaneous but a part of a ongoing campaign that began in the
      1940s
      > against de jure segregation. The best book I've seen on this whole
      period
      > is " Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and
      Black
      > America's Struggle for Equality" by Richard Kluger, which, although
      first
      > published in 1977 is still in print and published by Vintage Books.
      >
      > In any event, I'm baffled as to how replacing a flag that included
      the
      > first Confederate National flag was needed to honor ancestors who
      had
      > fought and died for the Confederacy. John Bell could say anything
      he
      > wanted to about the reason for the change but you cannot remove the
      act
      > from its context. Massive Resistance was a fact and open state
      policy in
      > the southern states as the records currently being released from
      the 1950s
      > and 1960s of the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission
      confirm. In
      > addition, perhaps, in choosing a flag to represent a state and
      =ALL= of
      > its people, that portion of the people who had been collectively
      denied the
      > franchise might want to have a say in the design of the flag, and
      that
      > includes Mississippi where people were murdered in the 1960s for
      trying to
      > help Blacks register to vote. I am half Scottish and proud of it,
      but I'm
      > don't believe that the Pennsylvania state flag should included
      either the
      > lion of St. Andrews or the saltire.
      >
      > Regards,
      >
      > Margaret D. Blough
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