22535Re: Flag Flap
- Dec 1, 2000--- In firstname.lastname@example.org, "Margaret D. Blough"
> Message text written by INTERNET:email@example.comUS
> IMHO The following statement seems to be rhetorical and false.
> >>"The message that was sent when it [the Georgia State flag] was
> adopted was a message of defiance to the federal Constitution,
> government, and courts and a message to the Black citizens of that
> state that the state would engage in Massive Resistance to any and
> all efforts to protect and enforce the rights of Blacks under the
> Constitution, especially the 14th and 15th Amendments" >>to
> In 1955, an Atlanta attorney suggested a new state flag for Georgia
> that would embody the Confederate Battle Flag, also known as the
> "Southern Cross". During the 1956 session of the general assembly,
> state senators introduced Senate Bill 98 to change the state flag
> incorporate the battle flag. It had previously held the Firstsigned
> National Flag, better known as the "Stars and Bars". This was
> into law of Feb. 13, 1956. John Bell, the designer of this flag,a
> stated that the purpose for the change was to honor ancestors who
> fought and died.
> Rosa Parks, after a long day of work refused to give up her seat to
> man on December 1, 1955. This lead to her arrest and trial, a 381-day
> Montgomery bus boycott, and, finally, the Supreme Court's ruling inunconstitutional.
> November 1956 that segregation on transportation is
> This is generally regarded as the beginning of the civil rightslook
> The Atlanta Journal, in a 1992 investigation of the changing of the
> flag, stated that no evidence exists to link the change with racial
> motives. For all practical purposes, the "Stars and Stripes"
> represents the enslavement of a race of people. One should also
> to our neighbors here in the south. Take the time to look atTopeka
> Tennessee, Florida, Arkansas, and Alabama for echoes of that Battle
> Flag. These, and especially Mississippi, must be next on the grand
> 'racism symbol' score which must be settled.
> Ed Roberts a.k.a. Rockeur
> Atlanta, GEORGIA
> There was a little thing known as "Brown v. Board of Education of
> Kansas, et al." that had been decided in 1954, which overruled the1896
> decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson" and Plessy's approval of "separatebut
> equal" (Plessy actually dealt with a Jim Crow transportationsystem).
> Brown was the culmination of a series of lawsuits, principally bythe NAACP
> Legal Defense Fund, that attacked segregation at its legalfoundations
> with the overturning of Plessy as its goal. Rosa Parks' act wasnot all
> that spontaneous but a part of a ongoing campaign that began in the1940s
> against de jure segregation. The best book I've seen on this wholeperiod
> is " Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education andBlack
> America's Struggle for Equality" by Richard Kluger, which, althoughfirst
> published in 1977 is still in print and published by Vintage Books.the
> In any event, I'm baffled as to how replacing a flag that included
> first Confederate National flag was needed to honor ancestors whohad
> fought and died for the Confederacy. John Bell could say anythinghe
> wanted to about the reason for the change but you cannot remove theact
> from its context. Massive Resistance was a fact and open statepolicy in
> the southern states as the records currently being released fromthe 1950s
> and 1960s of the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commissionconfirm. In
> addition, perhaps, in choosing a flag to represent a state and=ALL= of
> its people, that portion of the people who had been collectivelydenied the
> franchise might want to have a say in the design of the flag, andthat
> includes Mississippi where people were murdered in the 1960s fortrying to
> help Blacks register to vote. I am half Scottish and proud of it,but I'm
> don't believe that the Pennsylvania state flag should includedeither the
> lion of St. Andrews or the saltire.
> Margaret D. Blough
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