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22534[civilwarwest] Flag Flap

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  • Margaret D. Blough
    Dec 1, 2000
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      Message text written by INTERNET:civilwarwest@egroups.com
      >
      IMHO The following statement seems to be rhetorical and false.
      >>"The message that was sent when it [the Georgia State flag] was
      adopted was a message of defiance to the federal Constitution,
      government, and courts and a message to the Black citizens of that
      state that the state would engage in Massive Resistance to any and
      all efforts to protect and enforce the rights of Blacks under the US
      Constitution, especially the 14th and 15th Amendments" >>

      In 1955, an Atlanta attorney suggested a new state flag for Georgia
      that would embody the Confederate Battle Flag, also known as the
      "Southern Cross". During the 1956 session of the general assembly,
      state senators introduced Senate Bill 98 to change the state flag to
      incorporate the battle flag. It had previously held the First
      National Flag, better known as the "Stars and Bars". This was signed
      into law of Feb. 13, 1956. John Bell, the designer of this flag,
      stated that the purpose for the change was to honor ancestors who
      fought and died.

      Rosa Parks, after a long day of work refused to give up her seat to a
      man on December 1, 1955. This lead to her arrest and trial, a 381-day
      Montgomery bus boycott, and, finally, the Supreme Court's ruling in
      November 1956 that segregation on transportation is unconstitutional.
      This is generally regarded as the beginning of the civil rights
      movement.

      The Atlanta Journal, in a 1992 investigation of the changing of the
      flag, stated that no evidence exists to link the change with racial
      motives. For all practical purposes, the "Stars and Stripes"
      represents the enslavement of a race of people. One should also look
      to our neighbors here in the south. Take the time to look at
      Tennessee, Florida, Arkansas, and Alabama for echoes of that Battle
      Flag. These, and especially Mississippi, must be next on the grand
      'racism symbol' score which must be settled.

      Ed Roberts a.k.a. Rockeur
      Atlanta, GEORGIA
      <

      Ed,

      There was a little thing known as "Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
      Kansas, et al." that had been decided in 1954, which overruled the 1896
      decision of "Plessy v. Ferguson" and Plessy's approval of "separate but
      equal" (Plessy actually dealt with a Jim Crow transportation system).
      Brown was the culmination of a series of lawsuits, principally by the NAACP
      Legal Defense Fund, that attacked segregation at its legal foundations
      with the overturning of Plessy as its goal. Rosa Parks' act was not all
      that spontaneous but a part of a ongoing campaign that began in the 1940s
      against de jure segregation. The best book I've seen on this whole period
      is " Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black
      America's Struggle for Equality" by Richard Kluger, which, although first
      published in 1977 is still in print and published by Vintage Books.

      In any event, I'm baffled as to how replacing a flag that included the
      first Confederate National flag was needed to honor ancestors who had
      fought and died for the Confederacy. John Bell could say anything he
      wanted to about the reason for the change but you cannot remove the act
      from its context. Massive Resistance was a fact and open state policy in
      the southern states as the records currently being released from the 1950s
      and 1960s of the Mississippi State Sovereignty Commission confirm. In
      addition, perhaps, in choosing a flag to represent a state and =ALL= of
      its people, that portion of the people who had been collectively denied the
      franchise might want to have a say in the design of the flag, and that
      includes Mississippi where people were murdered in the 1960s for trying to
      help Blacks register to vote. I am half Scottish and proud of it, but I'm
      don't believe that the Pennsylvania state flag should included either the
      lion of St. Andrews or the saltire.

      Regards,

      Margaret D. Blough
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