Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.
 

6 March

Expand Messages
  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
    Message 1 of 13 , Mar 5, 2002
      Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Baldred of Glasgow
      * St. Balther of Tinningham
      * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
      * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
      * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
      * St. Fridolin The Traveller
      * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
      -----------------------------------------

      Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
      Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

      He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
      sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
      North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
      east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
      seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
      an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
      that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
      would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
      Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
      hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
      for company.

      The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
      Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
      over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
      Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
      bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
      powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
      used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
      he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
      standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
      do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
      remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
      another chapel dedicated to him.

      St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
      destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
      discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
      caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
      Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
      translation (Bowen).

      Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
      (Benedictines).


      St.Balther of Tinningham
      -----------------------------------------
      (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
      Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
      Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
      North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
      Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
      (Benedictines).


      St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
      --------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
      Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
      bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
      the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
      In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
      (Benedictines, Delaney).

      * * *

      St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

      Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
      was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
      St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
      of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
      from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
      and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

      "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
      he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
      and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
      and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
      bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
      And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
      ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
      with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
      a treasure without deceit".

      The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
      were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
      the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
      when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
      into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
      through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
      appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
      shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
      three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
      the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

      At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
      Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
      making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
      Durham until the dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
      book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
      discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
      Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
      (Graham).

      * * *


      St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
      -------------------------------------------------
      Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
      to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
      London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
      the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
      new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
      restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


      Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
      ---------------------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
      king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
      Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
      Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
      abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
      Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
      are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

      This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
      are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



      St. Fridolin of Säckingen, Abbot
      ----------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
      the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
      Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
      assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
      Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
      monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
      devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
      patronage, including the abbey of Säckingen. Started as a school for
      young boys on an island in the Rhein, Säckingen was no sombre place.
      Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
      He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
      where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
      was recorded by a monk of Säckingen five centuries after his death;
      however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
      venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
      of Säckingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
      Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

      Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
      hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
      Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
      (Roeder).


      St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------
      Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
      at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
      Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
      relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

      Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
      Message 2 of 13 , Mar 4, 2003
        Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Baldred of Glasgow
        * St. Balther of Tinningham
        * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
        * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
        * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
        * St. Fridolin The Traveller
        * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
        -----------------------------------------

        Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
        Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

        He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
        sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
        North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
        east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
        seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
        an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
        that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
        would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
        Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
        hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
        for company.

        The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
        Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
        over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
        Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
        bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
        powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
        used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
        he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
        standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
        do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
        remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
        another chapel dedicated to him.

        St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
        destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
        discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
        caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
        Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
        translation (Bowen).

        Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
        (Benedictines).


        St.Balther of Tinningham
        -----------------------------------------
        (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
        Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
        Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
        North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
        Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
        (Benedictines).


        St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
        --------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
        Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
        bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
        the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
        In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
        (Benedictines, Delaney).

        * * *

        St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

        Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
        was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
        St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
        of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
        from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
        and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

        "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
        he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
        and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
        and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
        bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
        And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
        ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
        with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
        a treasure without deceit".

        The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
        were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
        the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
        when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
        into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
        through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
        appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
        shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
        three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
        the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

        At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
        Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
        making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
        Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
        book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
        discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
        Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
        (Graham).


        Forthcoming Exhibition:---
        Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
        A free exhibition in the Pearson Gallery
        16 May to 28 September 2003
        http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

        * * *


        St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
        -------------------------------------------------
        Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
        to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
        London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
        the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
        new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
        restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


        Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
        ---------------------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
        king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
        Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
        Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
        abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
        Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
        are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

        This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
        are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



        St. Fridolin of Säckingen, Abbot
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
        the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
        Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
        assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
        Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
        monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
        devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
        patronage, including the abbey of Säckingen. Started as a school for
        young boys on an island in the Rhein, Säckingen was no sombre place.
        Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
        He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
        where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
        was recorded by a monk of Säckingen five centuries after his death;
        however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
        venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
        of Säckingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
        Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

        Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
        hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
        Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
        (Roeder).


        St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------------
        Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
        at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
        Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
        relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

        Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
        Message 3 of 13 , Mar 4, 2004
          Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Baldred of Glasgow
          * St. Balther of Tinningham
          * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
          * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
          * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
          * St. Fridolin The Traveller
          * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
          -----------------------------------------

          Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
          Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

          He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
          sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
          North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
          east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
          seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
          an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
          that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
          would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
          Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
          hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
          for company.

          The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
          Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
          over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
          Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
          bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
          powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
          used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
          he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
          standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
          do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
          remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
          another chapel dedicated to him.

          St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
          destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
          discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
          caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
          Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
          translation (Bowen).

          Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
          (Benedictines).


          St.Balther of Tinningham
          -----------------------------------------
          (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
          Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
          Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
          North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
          Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
          (Benedictines).


          St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
          --------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
          Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
          bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
          the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
          In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
          (Benedictines, Delaney).

          * * *

          St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

          Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
          was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
          St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
          of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
          from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
          and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

          "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
          he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
          and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
          and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
          bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
          And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
          ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
          with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
          a treasure without deceit".

          The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
          were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
          the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
          when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
          into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
          through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
          appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
          shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
          three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
          the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

          At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
          Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
          making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
          Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
          book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
          discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
          Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
          (Graham).


          Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
          You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
          We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
          the manuscript.
          http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

          * * *


          St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
          -------------------------------------------------
          Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
          to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
          London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
          the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
          new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
          restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


          Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
          ---------------------------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
          king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
          Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
          Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
          abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
          Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
          are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

          This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
          are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



          St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
          ----------------------------------------------------
          Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
          the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
          Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
          assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
          Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
          monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
          devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
          patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
          young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
          Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
          He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
          where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
          was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
          however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
          venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
          of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
          Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

          Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
          hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
          Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
          (Roeder).


          St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
          ---------------------------------------------
          Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
          at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
          Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
          relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


          Sources:
          ========

          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

          Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          For All the Saints:
          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
          Message 4 of 13 , Mar 4, 2005
            Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Baldred of Glasgow
            * St. Balther of Tinningham
            * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
            * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
            * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
            * St. Fridolin The Traveller
            * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
            -----------------------------------------

            Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
            Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

            He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
            sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
            North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
            east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
            seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
            an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
            that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
            would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
            Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
            hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
            for company.

            The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
            Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
            over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
            Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
            bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
            powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
            used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
            he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
            standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
            do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
            remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
            another chapel dedicated to him.

            St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
            destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
            discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
            caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
            Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
            translation (Bowen).

            Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
            (Benedictines).


            St.Balther of Tinningham
            -----------------------------------------
            (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
            Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
            Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
            North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
            Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
            (Benedictines).


            St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
            --------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
            Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
            bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
            the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
            In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
            (Benedictines, Delaney).

            * * *

            St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

            Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
            was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
            St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
            of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
            from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
            and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

            "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
            he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
            and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
            and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
            bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
            And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
            ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
            with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
            a treasure without deceit".

            The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
            were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
            the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
            when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
            into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
            through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
            appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
            shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
            three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
            the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

            At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
            Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
            making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
            Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
            book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
            discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
            Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
            (Graham).


            Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
            You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
            We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
            the manuscript.
            http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

            * * *


            St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
            -------------------------------------------------
            Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
            to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
            London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
            the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
            new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
            restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


            Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
            ---------------------------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
            king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
            Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
            Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
            abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
            Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
            are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

            This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
            are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



            St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
            ----------------------------------------------------
            Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
            the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
            Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
            assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
            Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
            monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
            devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
            patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
            young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
            Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
            He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
            where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
            was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
            however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
            venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
            of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
            Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

            Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
            hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
            Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
            (Roeder).


            St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
            ---------------------------------------------
            Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
            at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
            Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
            relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


            Sources:
            ========

            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

            Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
            Regnery.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • Maincin Maincin
            Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
            Message 5 of 13 , Mar 5, 2006
              Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Baldred of Glasgow
              * St. Balther of Tinningham
              * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
              * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
              * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
              * St. Fridolin The Traveller
              * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
              -----------------------------------------

              Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
              Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

              He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
              sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
              North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
              east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
              seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
              an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
              that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
              would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
              Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
              hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
              for company.

              The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
              Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
              over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
              Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
              bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
              powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
              used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
              he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
              standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
              do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
              remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
              another chapel dedicated to him.

              St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
              destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
              discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
              caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
              Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
              translation (Bowen).

              Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
              (Benedictines).


              St.Balther of Tinningham
              -----------------------------------------
              (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
              Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
              Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
              North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
              Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
              (Benedictines).


              St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
              --------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
              Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
              bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
              the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
              In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
              (Benedictines, Delaney).

              * * *

              St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

              Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
              was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
              St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
              of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
              from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
              and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

              "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
              he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
              and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
              and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
              bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
              And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
              ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
              with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
              a treasure without deceit".

              The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
              were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
              the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
              when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
              into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
              through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
              appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
              shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
              three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
              the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

              At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
              Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
              making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
              Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
              book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
              discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
              Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
              (Graham).


              Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
              You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
              We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
              the manuscript.
              http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

              * * *


              St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
              -------------------------------------------------
              Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
              to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
              London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
              the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
              new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
              restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


              Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
              ---------------------------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
              king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
              Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
              Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
              abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
              Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
              are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

              This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
              are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



              St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
              ----------------------------------------------------
              Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
              the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
              Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
              assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
              Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
              monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
              devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
              patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
              young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
              Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
              He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
              where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
              was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
              however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
              venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
              of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
              Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

              Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
              hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
              Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
              (Roeder).


              St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
              ---------------------------------------------
              Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
              at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
              Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
              relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


              Sources:
              ========

              Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
              Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

              Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

              Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
              Regnery.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              ������������������������������������

              _________________________________________________________________
              Are you using the latest version of MSN Messenger? Download MSN Messenger
              7.5 today! http://messenger.msn.co.uk
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
              Message 6 of 13 , Mar 5, 2007
                Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                * St. Balther of Tinningham
                * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                -----------------------------------------

                Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                for company.

                The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                another chapel dedicated to him.

                St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                translation (Bowen).

                Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                (Benedictines).


                St.Balther of Tinningham
                -----------------------------------------
                (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                (Benedictines).


                St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                --------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                (Benedictines, Delaney).

                * * *

                St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                a treasure without deceit".

                The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                (Graham).


                Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                the manuscript.
                http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                * * *


                St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                -------------------------------------------------
                Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                ----------------------------------------------------
                Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                (Roeder).


                St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                ---------------------------------------------
                Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                Sources:
                ========

                Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                Regnery.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
                Message 7 of 13 , Mar 6, 2008
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                  * St. Balther of Tinningham
                  * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                  * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                  * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                  * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                  * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                  -----------------------------------------

                  Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                  Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                  He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                  sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                  North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                  east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                  seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                  an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                  that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                  would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                  Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                  hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                  for company.

                  The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                  Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                  over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                  Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                  bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                  powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                  used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                  he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                  standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                  do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                  remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                  another chapel dedicated to him.

                  St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                  destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                  discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                  caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                  Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                  translation (Bowen).

                  Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                  (Benedictines).


                  St.Balther of Tinningham
                  -----------------------------------------
                  (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                  Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                  Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                  North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                  Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                  (Benedictines).


                  St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                  --------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                  Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                  bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                  the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                  In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                  (Benedictines, Delaney).

                  * * *

                  St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                  Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                  was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                  St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                  of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                  from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                  and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                  "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                  he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                  and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                  and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                  bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                  And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                  ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                  with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                  a treasure without deceit".

                  The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                  were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                  the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                  when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                  into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                  through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                  appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                  shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                  three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                  the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                  At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                  Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                  making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                  Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                  book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                  discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                  Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                  (Graham).


                  Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                  You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                  We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                  the manuscript.
                  http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                  * * *


                  St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                  -------------------------------------------------
                  Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                  to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                  London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                  the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                  new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                  restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                  Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                  ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                  king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                  Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                  Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                  abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                  Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                  are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                  This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                  are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                  St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                  ----------------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                  the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                  Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                  assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                  Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                  monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                  devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                  patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                  young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                  Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                  He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                  where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                  was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                  however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                  venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                  of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                  Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                  Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                  hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                  Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                  (Roeder).


                  St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                  ---------------------------------------------
                  Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                  at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                  Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                  relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                  Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                  Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                  Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                  Regnery.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
                  Message 8 of 13 , Mar 5, 2009
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                    * St. Balther of Tinningham
                    * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                    * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                    * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                    * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                    * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                    -----------------------------------------

                    Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                    Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                    He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                    sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                    North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                    east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                    seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                    an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                    that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                    would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                    Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                    hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                    for company.

                    The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                    Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                    over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                    Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                    bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                    powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                    used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                    he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                    standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                    do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                    remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                    another chapel dedicated to him.

                    St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                    destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                    discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                    caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                    Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                    translation (Bowen).

                    Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                    (Benedictines).


                    St.Balther of Tinningham
                    -----------------------------------------
                    (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                    Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                    Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                    North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                    Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                    (Benedictines).


                    St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                    --------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                    Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                    bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                    the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                    In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                    (Benedictines, Delaney).

                    * * *

                    St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                    Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                    was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                    St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                    of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                    from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                    and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                    "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                    he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                    and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                    and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                    bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                    And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                    ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                    with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                    a treasure without deceit".

                    The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                    were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                    the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                    when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                    into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                    through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                    appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                    shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                    three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                    the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                    At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                    Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                    making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                    Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                    book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                    discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                    Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                    (Graham).


                    Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                    You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                    We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                    the manuscript.
                    http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                    * * *


                    St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                    -------------------------------------------------
                    Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                    to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                    London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                    the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                    new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                    restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                    Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                    ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                    king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                    Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                    Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                    abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                    Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                    are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                    This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                    are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                    St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                    ----------------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                    the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                    Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                    assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                    Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                    monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                    devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                    patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                    young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                    Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                    He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                    where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                    was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                    however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                    venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                    of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                    Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                    Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                    hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                    Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                    (Roeder).


                    St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                    ---------------------------------------------
                    Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                    at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                    Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                    relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                    Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                    Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                    Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                    Regnery.

                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
                    Message 9 of 13 , Mar 5, 2010
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                      * St. Balther of Tinningham
                      * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                      * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                      * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                      * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                      * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                      -----------------------------------------

                      Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                      Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                      He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                      sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                      North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                      east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                      seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                      an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                      that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                      would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                      Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                      hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                      for company.

                      The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                      Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                      over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                      Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                      bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                      powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                      used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                      he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                      standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                      do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                      remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                      another chapel dedicated to him.

                      St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                      destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                      discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                      caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                      Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                      translation (Bowen).

                      Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                      (Benedictines).


                      St.Balther of Tinningham
                      -----------------------------------------
                      (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                      Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                      Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                      North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                      Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                      (Benedictines).


                      St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                      --------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                      Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                      bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                      the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                      In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                      (Benedictines, Delaney).

                      * * *

                      St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                      Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                      was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                      St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                      of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                      from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                      and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                      "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                      he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                      and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                      and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                      bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                      And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                      ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                      with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                      a treasure without deceit".

                      The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                      were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                      the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                      when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                      into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                      through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                      appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                      shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                      three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                      the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                      At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                      Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                      making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                      Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                      book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                      discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                      Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                      (Graham).


                      Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                      You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                      We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                      the manuscript.
                      http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                      * * *


                      St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                      -------------------------------------------------
                      Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                      to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                      London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                      the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                      new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                      restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                      Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                      ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                      king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                      Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                      Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                      abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                      Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                      are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                      This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                      are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                      St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                      ----------------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                      the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                      Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                      assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                      Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                      monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                      devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                      patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                      young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                      Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                      He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                      where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                      was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                      however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                      venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                      of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                      Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                      Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                      hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                      Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                      (Roeder).


                      St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                      ---------------------------------------------
                      Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                      at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                      Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                      relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                      Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                      Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                      Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                      Regnery.

                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
                      Message 10 of 13 , Mar 4, 2011
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                        * St. Balther of Tinningham
                        * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                        * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                        * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                        * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                        * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                        -----------------------------------------

                        Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                        Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                        He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                        sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                        North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                        east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                        seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                        an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                        that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                        would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                        Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                        hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                        for company.

                        The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                        Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                        over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                        Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                        bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                        powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                        used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                        he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                        standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                        do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                        remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                        another chapel dedicated to him.

                        St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                        destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                        discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                        caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                        Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                        translation (Bowen).

                        Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                        (Benedictines).


                        St.Balther of Tinningham
                        -----------------------------------------
                        (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                        Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                        Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                        North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                        Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                        (Benedictines).


                        St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                        --------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                        Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                        bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                        the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                        In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                        (Benedictines, Delaney).

                        * * *

                        St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                        Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                        was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                        St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                        of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                        from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                        and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                        "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                        he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                        and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                        and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                        bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                        And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                        ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                        with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                        a treasure without deceit".

                        The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                        were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                        the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                        when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                        into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                        through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                        appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                        shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                        three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                        the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                        At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                        Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                        making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                        Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                        book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                        discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                        Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                        (Graham).


                        Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                        You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                        We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                        the manuscript.
                        http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                        * * *


                        St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                        -------------------------------------------------
                        Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                        to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                        London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                        the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                        new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                        restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                        Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                        ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                        king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                        Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                        Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                        abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                        Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                        are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                        This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                        are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                        St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                        ----------------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                        the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                        Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                        assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                        Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                        monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                        devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                        patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                        young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                        Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                        He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                        where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                        was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                        however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                        venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                        of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                        Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                        Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                        hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                        Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                        (Roeder).


                        St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                        ---------------------------------------------
                        Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                        at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                        Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                        relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                        Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                        Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                        Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                        Regnery.

                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
                        Message 11 of 13 , Mar 6, 2012
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                          * St. Balther of Tinningham
                          * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                          * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                          * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                          * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                          * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                          -----------------------------------------

                          Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                          Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                          He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                          sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                          North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                          east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                          seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                          an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                          that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                          would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                          Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                          hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                          for company.

                          The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                          Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                          over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                          Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                          bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                          powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                          used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                          he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                          standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                          do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                          remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                          another chapel dedicated to him.

                          St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                          destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                          discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                          caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                          Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                          translation (Bowen).

                          Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                          (Benedictines).


                          St.Balther of Tinningham
                          -----------------------------------------
                          (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                          Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                          Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                          North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                          Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                          (Benedictines).


                          St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                          --------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                          Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                          bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                          the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                          In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                          (Benedictines, Delaney).

                          * * *

                          St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                          Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                          was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                          St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                          of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                          from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                          and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                          "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                          he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                          and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                          and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                          bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                          And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                          ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                          with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                          a treasure without deceit".

                          The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                          were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                          the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                          when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                          into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                          through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                          appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                          shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                          three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                          the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                          At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                          Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                          making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                          Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                          book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                          discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                          Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                          (Graham).


                          Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                          You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                          We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                          the manuscript.
                          http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                          * * *


                          St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                          -------------------------------------------------
                          Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                          to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                          London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                          the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                          new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                          restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                          Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                          ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                          king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                          Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                          Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                          abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                          Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                          are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                          This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                          are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                          St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                          ----------------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                          the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                          Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                          assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                          Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                          monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                          devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                          patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                          young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                          Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                          He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                          where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                          was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                          however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                          venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                          of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                          Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                          Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                          hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                          Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                          (Roeder).


                          St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                          ---------------------------------------------
                          Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                          at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                          Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                          relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                          Sources:
                          ========

                          Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                          Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                          Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                          Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                          Regnery.

                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Baldred of Glasgow * St. Balther of Tinningham * St. Billfrith
                          Message 12 of 13 , Mar 4, 2013
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 6 March

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Baldred of Glasgow
                            * St. Balther of Tinningham
                            * St. Billfrith of Lindisfarne
                            * St. Cadroe of Waulsort
                            * Ss.Cyneburga and Cyneswide, & Tibba
                            * St. Fridolin The Traveller
                            * St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St.Baldred of Glasgow, Bishop
                            -----------------------------------------

                            Died 756. Saint Baldred, a Scottish bishop said to have succeeded Saint
                            Kentigern (Mungo) at Glasgow.

                            He ended his life as a hermit on the coast of the Firth of Forth. Like a
                            sentinel at the entrance of the Firth of Forth, just over a mile from
                            North Berwick the great Bass Rock rises 460 ft out of the sea. To the
                            east, towering over the cliffs of East Lothian, is Tantallon Castle,
                            seemingly an impregnable stronghold for the Doublas family and there is
                            an old proverb "Ding down Tantallon - Mak a brig to the Bass" showing
                            that it was thought it to be as difficult to bring down the castle as it
                            would to throw a bridge across to the rock. On this inhospitable island
                            Baldred, who had once been a disciple of St. Kentigern, made his
                            hermitage devoting himself to penance and prayer, with only the gannets
                            for company.

                            The missionary zeal that Baldred had learned in his years with St.
                            Kentigern did not completely leave him and it is evident that he crossed
                            over to the mainland and evangelized the areas round Aldham in
                            Haddington and Tyningham where he had churches and there is a well that
                            bears his name. His sanctity earned him a reputation for miraculous
                            powers and there is a boulder near Aldham which it was believed that he
                            used as a boat to cross to the rock. The Aberdeen Breviary recounts how
                            he removed a dangerous reef, that had caused numerous wrecks, by
                            standing on it and sailing it like a ship to a position where it would
                            do no harm. His cave is near to the sea shore and on the Bass Rock the
                            remains of his chapel are still visible. At Tantallon there are ruins of
                            another chapel dedicated to him.

                            St. Baldred died at Tyningham and was buried there but the monastery was
                            destroyed by the Danes in 951. His relics were lost until they were
                            discovered by Elfrid, a priest from Durham, in the twelfth century, who
                            caused them to be enshrined with those of St. Bilfrid, a monk from
                            Lindisfarne, and these two share March 6th as the commemoration of their
                            translation (Bowen).

                            Some identify him with Saint Balther, the hermit of Tinningham
                            (Benedictines).


                            St.Balther of Tinningham
                            -----------------------------------------
                            (also known as Baldred, Balredus)
                            Died 756. A monk-priest of Lindisfarne, Balther became an anchorite at
                            Tinningham on the Scottish border, where he lived on Bass Rock, near
                            North Berwick, surrounded by the sea. His relics were enshrined at
                            Durham, with those of Saint Bilfrid (below), the anchorite
                            (Benedictines).


                            St. Billfrith (Bilfred) of Lindisfarne, Hermit
                            --------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 758. A monk hermit at Lindisfarne off the coast of
                            Northumberland in northern England, Bilfred was an expert goldsmith. He
                            bound with gold, silver, and gems the famous Saint Cuthbert's copy of
                            the Gospels of Lindisfarne, written and illuminated by bishop Eaddfrid.
                            In life and in death he was the centre of great popular veneration
                            (Benedictines, Delaney).

                            * * *

                            St. Billfrid and the Lindisfarne Gospels c.756

                            Billfrid, before he became a hermit, was a distinguished goldsmith and
                            was venerated as a saint during his life and after his death.
                            St.Ethelwold commissioned him to make a cover for the precious Gospels
                            of the Abbey at Lindisfarne. The history of this manuscript is known
                            from a note written at the end of the book when the monks who guarded it
                            and the body of St. Cuthbert were at Chester-le-Street.

                            "Eadfrith, Bishop of the church at Lindisfarne,
                            he first wrote this book for God and St.Cuthbert
                            and for all the saints in common that are in the island,
                            and Ethilwald, Bishop of those of Lindisfarne Island,
                            bound and covered it outwardly as well as he could.
                            And Billfrith the anchorite he wrought as a smith the
                            ornaments on the outside and adorned it with gold and
                            with gems, and also with silver over-gilded,
                            a treasure without deceit".

                            The Gospels were at Lindisfarne for almost two hundred years, but they
                            were very nearly lost when the island was abandoned in 875 because of
                            the Danish raids. Symeon of Durham describes the anguish of the monks
                            when the ship carrying the Gospels was hit by a storm and the book sank
                            into the depths of the sea. The Gospels were miraculously recovered
                            through the intervention of St.Cuthbert and St. Billfrid, the former
                            appearing in a vision to one of the monks telling them to search the
                            shore at low tide. This they did and, after searching for more than
                            three miles, they came across the book, its gold and jewels gleaming and
                            the pages unharmed by its immersion in salt water.

                            At Chester-le-Street the monk Aldred translated the Latin into the
                            Northumbrian dialect, writing the words beneath the Latin script and so
                            making the first English version of the Gospels. It was treasured at
                            Durham until the Dissolution, when the cover was melted down, but the
                            book itself is now in the British Museum. St.Billfrid's relics were
                            discovered after a vision by a priest, Alfred Westow, and translated to
                            Durham where he is commemorated with St.Baldred on March 6th also
                            (Graham).


                            Painted Labyrinth - the World of the Lindisfarne Gospels
                            You can 'turn the pages' of the Lindisfarne Gospels now!
                            We have selected 40 of the most beautiful pages from
                            the manuscript.
                            http://www.bl.uk/whatson/exhibitions/forthcoming_1.html

                            * * *


                            St. Cadroe (Cadroel) of Waulsort, Abbot
                            -------------------------------------------------
                            Died 976. The son of a Scottish prince, Saint Cadroe was sent to Ireland
                            to be educated at Armagh. He came to England and is said to have saved
                            London from destruction by fire. Then he passed over to France and took
                            the Benedictine habit at Fleury. Shortly after he was made abbot of the
                            new foundation of Waulsort on the Meuse and finally called to Metz to
                            restore Saint Clement's (Benedictines).


                            Ss.Cyneburga (Kyneburga) and Cyneswide (Kuneswide), & Tibba
                            ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 680. Cyneburga and Cyneswide were daughters of Penda, the pagan
                            king of Mercia who fiercely opposed Christianity. Cyneburga married a
                            Northumbrian prince and later became abbess-founder of Dormancaster (now
                            Castor) in Northamptonshire, and was succeeded by her sister as
                            abbess.Tibba was their near kinswoman, who joined them in the convent.
                            Their relics were enshrined in the abbey of Peterborough, where the trio
                            are particularly venerated (Attwater, Benedictines, Gill).

                            This group is portrayed in art as two abbesses and a nun, sometimes they
                            are shown with the Abbey of Castor (Roeder).



                            St. Fridolin of Sackingen, Abbot
                            ----------------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 650. Saint Fridolin, the Irish Wanderer, gained his nickname in
                            the 7th century by his endless journeyings--through Gaul, Germany, and
                            Switzerland. He began his missionary work in Poitiers, France. An
                            assiduous founder of monasteries, Fridolin also found the body of Saint
                            Hilary of Poitiers, which had been lost when the Vandals destroyed the
                            monastery in that city, and restored the church itself. He became
                            devoted to St. Hilary and established other monasteries under his
                            patronage, including the abbey of Sackingen. Started as a school for
                            young boys on an island in the Rhein, Sackingen was no sombre place.
                            Here Fridolin happily encouraged the boys to play many different sports.
                            He also established an Irish-influenced abbey at Chur, Switzerland,
                            where stones sculpted in the Irish fashion can still be seen. His vita
                            was recorded by a monk of Sackingen five centuries after his death;
                            however, he claimed to have based it on a much earlier biography. He is
                            venerated as the apostle of the Upper Rhein and on his feast, the houses
                            of Sackingen are decorated with the flags of Germany, Switzerland, and
                            Ireland (Benedictines, Bentley, Montague).

                            Saint Fridolin is depicted in art as an abbot leading a skeleton by the
                            hand, a pilgrim with a staff and book (Roeder). He is patron of Alsace,
                            Glarus, Sachingen, and Strasbourg and is invoked for fine weather
                            (Roeder).


                            St. Sezin of Guic-Sezni, Bishop
                            ---------------------------------------------
                            Died c. 529. Saint Sezin was a native of Britain who laboured in Ireland
                            at the time of Saint Patrick and then crossed over to Guic-Sezni in
                            Brittany, where he is said to have founded a monastery and where his
                            relics are now venerated (Benedictines).


                            Sources:
                            ========

                            Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                            Bowen, Paul. When We Were One: A Yearbook of the
                            Saints of the British Isles Complied from Ancient Calendars.

                            Graham, Frank. Lindisfarne or Holy Island

                            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                            Regnery.

                            For All the Saints: - new active link
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

                            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
                            http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                          Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.