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3 December

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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
    Message 1 of 14 , Dec 1, 2001
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Lucius of Britain
      * St. Ethernan of Scotland
      * St. Birinus of Wessex
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
      Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
      wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
      says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
      west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
      Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
      the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

      Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
      that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
      missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
      lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
      writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
      hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
      some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

      Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
      with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
      ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
      a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


      St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
      Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
      Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


      St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
      ---------------------------------------------
      Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

      Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
      Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
      pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
      up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
      Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
      Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
      decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
      Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
      Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
      saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
      be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
      unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
      Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
      but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

      The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
      with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
      could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
      palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
      travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
      King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
      St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
      the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
      and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
      it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
      alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
      southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
      (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

      The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
      Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
      travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
      courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
      Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
      arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
      King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
      to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
      five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
      important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
      claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
      Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
      (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
      Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
      Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
      His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
      controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
      claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
      still has his relics.

      Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
      account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
      Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
      miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
      among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
      is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
      the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
      whose stock was Cynegils.


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
      Message 2 of 14 , Dec 2, 2002
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        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Lucius of Britain
        * St. Ethernan of Scotland
        * St. Birinus of Wessex
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
        Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
        wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
        says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
        west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
        Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
        the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

        Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
        that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
        missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
        lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
        writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
        hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
        some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

        Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
        with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
        ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
        a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


        St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
        Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
        Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


        St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
        ---------------------------------------------
        Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

        Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
        Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
        pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
        up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
        Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
        Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
        decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
        Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
        Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
        saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
        be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
        unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
        Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
        but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

        The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
        with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
        could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
        palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
        travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
        King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
        St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
        the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
        and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
        it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
        alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
        southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
        (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

        The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
        Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
        travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
        courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
        Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
        arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
        King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
        to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
        five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
        important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
        claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
        Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
        (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
        Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
        Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
        His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
        controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
        claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
        still has his relics.

        Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
        account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
        Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
        miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
        among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
        is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
        the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
        whose stock was Cynegils.


        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • emrys@globe.net.nz
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
        Message 3 of 14 , Dec 1, 2003
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          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Lucius of Britain
          * St. Ethernan of Scotland
          * St. Birinus of Wessex
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
          --------------------------------------------------------------
          2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
          Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
          wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
          says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
          west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
          Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
          the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

          Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
          that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
          missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
          lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
          writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
          hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
          some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

          Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
          with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
          ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
          a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


          St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
          --------------------------------------------------------------
          Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
          Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
          Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


          St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
          ---------------------------------------------
          Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

          Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
          Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
          pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
          up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
          Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
          Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
          decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
          Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
          Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
          saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
          be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
          unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
          Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
          but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

          The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
          with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
          could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
          palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
          travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
          King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
          St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
          the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
          and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
          it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
          alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
          southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
          (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

          The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
          Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
          travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
          courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
          Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
          arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
          King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
          to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
          five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
          important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
          claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
          Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
          (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
          Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
          Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
          His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
          controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
          claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
          still has his relics.

          Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
          account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
          Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
          miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
          among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
          is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
          the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
          whose stock was Cynegils.


          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
          Message 4 of 14 , Dec 1, 2004
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Lucius of Britain
            * St. Ethernan of Scotland
            * St. Birinus of Wessex
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
            --------------------------------------------------------------
            2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
            Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
            wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
            says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
            west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
            Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
            the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

            Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
            that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
            missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
            lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
            writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
            hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
            some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

            Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
            with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
            ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
            a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


            St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
            --------------------------------------------------------------
            Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
            Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
            Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


            St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
            ---------------------------------------------
            Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

            Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
            Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
            pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
            up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
            Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
            Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
            decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
            Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
            Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
            saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
            be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
            unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
            Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
            but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

            The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
            with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
            could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
            palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
            travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
            King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
            St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
            the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
            and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
            it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
            alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
            southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
            (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

            The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
            Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
            travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
            courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
            Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
            arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
            King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
            to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
            five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
            important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
            claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
            Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
            (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
            Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
            Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
            His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
            controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
            claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
            still has his relics.

            Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
            account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
            Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
            miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
            among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
            is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
            the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
            whose stock was Cynegils.


            ********************************
            Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
            or the prayer corner at home.
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/1739
            *********************************

            Lives kindly supplied by:
            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
          • Maincin Maincin
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
            Message 5 of 14 , Dec 1, 2005
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Lucius of Britain
              * St. Ethernan of Scotland
              * St. Birinus of Wessex
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
              --------------------------------------------------------------
              2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
              Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
              wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
              says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
              west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
              Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
              the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

              Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
              that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
              missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
              lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
              writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
              hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
              some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

              Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
              with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
              ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
              a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


              St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
              --------------------------------------------------------------
              Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
              Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
              Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


              St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
              ---------------------------------------------
              Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

              Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
              Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
              pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
              up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
              Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
              Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
              decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
              Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
              Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
              saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
              be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
              unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
              Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
              but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

              The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
              with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
              could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
              palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
              travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
              King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
              St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
              the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
              and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
              it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
              alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
              southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
              (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

              The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
              Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
              travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
              courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
              Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
              arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
              King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
              to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
              five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
              important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
              claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
              Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
              (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
              Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
              Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
              His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
              controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
              claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
              still has his relics.

              Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
              account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
              Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
              miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
              among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
              is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
              the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
              whose stock was Cynegils.


              ********************************
              Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
              or the prayer corner at home.
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2105
              *********************************

              Lives kindly supplied by:
              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
              Message 6 of 14 , Dec 1, 2006
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Lucius of Britain
                * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                * St. Birinus of Wessex
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                --------------------------------------------------------------
                2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


                St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                --------------------------------------------------------------
                Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                ---------------------------------------------
                Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                still has his relics.

                Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                whose stock was Cynegils.


                ********************************
                Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                or the prayer corner at home.
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2480
                *********************************

                Lives kindly supplied by:
                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                Message 7 of 14 , Dec 2, 2007
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints          3 December

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Lucius of Britain
                  * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                  * St. Birinus of Wessex
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                  --------------------------------------------------------------
                  2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                  Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                  wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                  says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                  west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                  Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                  the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                  Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                  that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                  missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                  lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                  writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                  hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                  some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                  Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                  with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                  ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                  a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


                  St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                  --------------------------------------------------------------
                  Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                  Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                  Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                  St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                  ---------------------------------------------
                  Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                  Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                  Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                  pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                  up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                  Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                  Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                  decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                  Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                  Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                  saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                  be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                  unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                  Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                  but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                  The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                  with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                  could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                  palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                  travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                  King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                  St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                  the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                  and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                  it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                  alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                  southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                  (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                  The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                  Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                  travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                  courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                  Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                  arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                  King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                  to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                  five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                  important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                  claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                  Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                  (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                  Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                  Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                  His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                  controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                  claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                  still has his relics.

                  Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                  account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                  Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                  miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                  among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                  is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                  the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                  whose stock was Cynegils.


                  ********************************
                  Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                  or the prayer corner at home.
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                  *********************************

                  Lives kindly supplied by:
                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤


                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                  Message 8 of 14 , Dec 2, 2008
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Lucius of Britain
                    * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                    * St. Birinus of Wessex
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                    Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                    wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                    says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                    west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                    Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                    the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                    Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                    that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                    missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                    lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                    writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                    hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                    some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                    Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                    with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                    ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                    a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


                    St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                    --------------------------------------------------------------
                    Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                    Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                    Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                    St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                    ---------------------------------------------
                    Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                    Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                    Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                    pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                    up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                    Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                    Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                    decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                    Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                    Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                    saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                    be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                    unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                    Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                    but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                    The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                    with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                    could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                    palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                    travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                    King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                    St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                    the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                    and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                    it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                    alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                    southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                    (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                    The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                    Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                    travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                    courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                    Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                    arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                    King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                    to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                    five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                    important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                    claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                    Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                    (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                    Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                    Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                    His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                    controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                    claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                    still has his relics.

                    Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                    account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                    Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                    miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                    among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                    is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                    the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                    whose stock was Cynegils.



                    ********************************
                    Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                    or the prayer corner at home.
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                    *********************************


                    Icons of Western Saints
                    http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Western.html


                    Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
                    http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calendarofsaints
                    Tiny Url:
                    http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e


                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                    Message 9 of 14 , Dec 2, 2009
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Lucius of Britain
                      * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                      * St. Birinus of Wessex
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                      --------------------------------------------------------------
                      2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                      Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                      wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                      says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                      west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                      Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                      the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                      Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                      that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                      missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                      lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                      writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                      hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                      some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                      Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                      with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                      ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                      a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).


                      St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                      --------------------------------------------------------------
                      Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                      Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                      Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                      St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                      ---------------------------------------------
                      Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                      Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                      Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                      pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                      up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                      Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                      Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                      decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                      Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                      Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                      saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                      be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                      unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                      Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                      but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                      The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                      with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                      could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                      palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                      travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                      King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                      St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                      the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                      and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                      it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                      alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                      southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                      (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                      The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                      Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                      travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                      courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                      Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                      arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                      King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                      to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                      five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                      important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                      claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                      Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                      (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                      Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                      Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                      His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                      controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                      claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                      still has his relics.

                      Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                      account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                      Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                      miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                      among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                      is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                      the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                      whose stock was Cynegils.



                      ********************************
                      Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                      or the prayer corner at home.
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                      *********************************


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                      http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calendarofsaints
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                    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                      Message 10 of 14 , Dec 1, 2010
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                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Lucius of Britain
                        * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                        * St. Birinus of Wessex
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                        --------------------------------------------------------------
                        2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                        Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                        wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                        says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                        west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                        Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                        the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                        Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                        that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                        missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                        lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                        writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                        hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                        some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                        Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                        with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                        ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                        a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

                        -oOo-

                        SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

                        St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
                        say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
                        (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
                        hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
                        the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
                        15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
                        Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
                        scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
                        converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
                        built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

                        Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
                        Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
                        for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
                        resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
                        described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
                        Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
                        senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
                        chains".

                        The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
                        nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
                        daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
                        Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
                        to her in his eleventh epigram:

                        Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
                        Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

                        Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
                        Praxedes and Pudentiana.

                        The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
                        mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
                        in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
                        days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
                        the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
                        and Rome were in Wales."

                        St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
                        of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
                        Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
                        died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
                        deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
                        two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
                        disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
                        church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
                        credited
                        with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
                        first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
                        dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
                        and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
                        the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
                        to Rome.

                        According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
                        world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
                        his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
                        C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
                        with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
                        tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
                        about 550 to 600.

                        St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

                        (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
                        Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
                        translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
                        Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
                        Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
                        Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




                        St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                        --------------------------------------------------------------
                        Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                        Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                        Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                        St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                        ---------------------------------------------
                        Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                        Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                        Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                        pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                        up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                        Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                        Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                        decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                        Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                        Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                        saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                        be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                        unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                        Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                        but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                        The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                        with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                        could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                        palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                        travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                        King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                        St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                        the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                        and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                        it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                        alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                        southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                        (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                        The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                        Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                        travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                        courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                        Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                        arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                        King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                        to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                        five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                        important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                        claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                        Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                        (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                        Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                        Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                        His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                        controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                        claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                        still has his relics.

                        Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                        account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                        Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                        miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                        among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                        is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                        the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                        whose stock was Cynegils.



                        ********************************
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                        or the prayer corner at home.
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                        *********************************


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                        Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
                        http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calendarofsaints
                        Tiny Url:
                        http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e


                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                      • ambrois
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                        Message 11 of 14 , Dec 1, 2011
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                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Lucius of Britain
                          * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                          * St. Birinus of Wessex
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                          --------------------------------------------------------------
                          2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                          Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                          wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                          says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                          west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                          Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                          the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                          Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                          that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                          missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                          lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                          writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                          hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                          some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                          Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                          with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                          ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                          a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

                          -oOo-

                          SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

                          St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
                          say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
                          (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
                          hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
                          the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
                          15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
                          Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
                          scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
                          converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
                          built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

                          Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
                          Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
                          for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
                          resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
                          described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
                          Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
                          senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
                          chains".

                          The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
                          nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
                          daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
                          Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
                          to her in his eleventh epigram:

                          Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
                          Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

                          Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
                          Praxedes and Pudentiana.

                          The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
                          mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
                          in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
                          days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
                          the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
                          and Rome were in Wales."

                          St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
                          of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
                          Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
                          died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
                          deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
                          two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
                          disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
                          church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
                          credited
                          with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
                          first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
                          dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
                          and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
                          the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
                          to Rome.

                          According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
                          world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
                          his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
                          C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
                          with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
                          tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
                          about 550 to 600.

                          St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

                          (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
                          Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
                          translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
                          Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
                          Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
                          Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




                          St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                          --------------------------------------------------------------
                          Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                          Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                          Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                          St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                          ---------------------------------------------
                          Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                          Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                          Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                          pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                          up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                          Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                          Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                          decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                          Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                          Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                          saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                          be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                          unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                          Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                          but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                          The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                          with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                          could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                          palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                          travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                          King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                          St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                          the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                          and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                          it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                          alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                          southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                          (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                          The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                          Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                          travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                          courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                          Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                          arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                          King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                          to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                          five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                          important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                          claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                          Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                          (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                          Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                          Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                          His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                          controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                          claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                          still has his relics.

                          Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                          account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                          Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                          miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                          among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                          is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                          the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                          whose stock was Cynegils.



                          ********************************
                          Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                          or the prayer corner at home.
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/message/2875
                          *********************************


                          Icons of Western Saints
                          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Western.html


                          Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
                          http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calenda\
                          rofsaints
                          Tiny Url:
                          http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e


                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                          Message 12 of 14 , Dec 2, 2012
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                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Lucius of Britain
                            * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                            * St. Birinus of Wessex
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                            --------------------------------------------------------------
                            2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                            Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                            wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                            says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                            west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                            Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                            the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                            Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                            that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                            missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                            lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                            writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                            hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                            some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                            Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                            with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                            ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                            a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

                            -oOo-

                            SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

                            St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
                            say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
                            (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
                            hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
                            the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
                            15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
                            Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
                            scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
                            converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
                            built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

                            Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
                            Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
                            for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
                            resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
                            described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
                            Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
                            senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
                            chains".

                            The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
                            nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
                            daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
                            Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
                            to her in his eleventh epigram:

                            Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
                            Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

                            Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
                            Praxedes and Pudentiana.

                            The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
                            mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
                            in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
                            days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
                            the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
                            and Rome were in Wales."

                            St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
                            of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
                            Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
                            died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
                            deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
                            two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
                            disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
                            church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
                            credited
                            with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
                            first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
                            dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
                            and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
                            the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
                            to Rome.

                            According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
                            world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
                            his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
                            C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
                            with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
                            tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
                            about 550 to 600.

                            St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

                            (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
                            Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
                            translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
                            Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
                            Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
                            Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




                            St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                            --------------------------------------------------------------
                            Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                            Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                            Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                            St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                            ---------------------------------------------
                            Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                            Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                            Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                            pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                            up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                            Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                            Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                            decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                            Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                            Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                            saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                            be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                            unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                            Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                            but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                            The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                            with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                            could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                            palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                            travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                            King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                            St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                            the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                            and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                            it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                            alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                            southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                            (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                            The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                            Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                            travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                            courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                            Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                            arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                            King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                            to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                            five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                            important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                            claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                            Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                            (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                            Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                            Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                            His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                            controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                            claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                            still has his relics.

                            Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                            account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                            Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                            miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                            among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                            is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                            the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                            whose stock was Cynegils.



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                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Lucius of Britain * St. Ethernan of Scotland * St.
                            Message 13 of 14 , Dec 6, 2013
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                              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 December

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Lucius of Britain
                              * St. Ethernan of Scotland
                              * St. Birinus of Wessex
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Lucius (Lleuwg, Lud), King
                              --------------------------------------------------------------
                              2nd century king or chieftain in the British Isles. The "Liber
                              Pontificalis," c. 530 or later, states that a British king called Lucius
                              wrote to Pope Eleutherius (c. 180), asking him in effect to send. Bede
                              says that evangelists were sent, and had great success in the south and
                              west of Britain and Wales. Lucius founded the dioceses of London and
                              Llandaff. Lucius later became a missionary himself, taking the Gospel to
                              the Grissons in what is modern Switzerland.

                              Many modern scholars regard Lucius as inadvertent pious fiction. We know
                              that King Lucius of Edessa wrote to Pope Eleuterus to ask for
                              missionaries to the Britium region near Mesopotamia. Combined with the
                              lack of popular devotion to Lucius in Britain, and no mention in
                              writings before the 6th century leads to the belief that some old
                              hand-written documents were misread, and were seen as an explanation for
                              some early missionary efforts in England and Wales.

                              Saint Lucius is generally depicted as a king with three sceptres tipped
                              with crosses. Occasionally he is shown (1) ploughing with a bear and
                              ox; (2) with an idol falling from a broken column; or (3) in armour with
                              a pilgrim's staff. Venerated in Grisons, Switzerland (Roeder).

                              -oOo-

                              SAINT LUCIUS, KING IN BRITAIN

                              St. Lucius was descended from Bran the Blessed, of whom The Welsh Triads
                              say: "There came with Bran the Blessed from Rome to Britain Arwystli Hen
                              (the old man), Ilid, Cyndaw, men of Israel; Maw, or Manaw, son of Arwystli
                              hen." Arwytsli has been very tentatively identified with St. Aristobulus,
                              the first Bishop of Britain, who, according to the Greek Menaion for March
                              15, "was chosen by St. Paul to be the missionary bishop of the land of
                              Britain, inhabited by a very fierce and warlike race. By them he was often
                              scourged, and repeatedly dragged as a criminal through their towns, yet he
                              converted many of them to Christianity. He was martyred there after he had
                              built churches and ordained priests and deacons for the island."

                              Bran the Blessed is called by the Triads, "the first to bring the Faith of
                              Christ to the Welsh from Rome, where he had been seven years as a hostage
                              for his son Caradog". Caradoc, or Caractacus, was the leader of the heroic
                              resistance of the Britons against the Roman invaders which was so vividly
                              described by the Roman historian Tacitus. Caractacus was betrayed into the
                              Romans' hands. But he defended himself with great dignity in the Roman
                              senate, and Tacitus wrote: "Rome trembled when it saw the Briton, though in
                              chains".

                              The exiled family of Bran the Blessed and his son Caractacus formed the
                              nucleus of the first Gentile Christian community in Rome. Caractacus'
                              daughter Gladys married a Roman senator and took the name Claudia after the
                              Emperor Claudius, and it is under this name that the poet Martial alluded
                              to her in his eleventh epigram:

                              Our Claudia, sprung, we know, from blue-eyed Britons.
                              Yet, behold, she vies in grace with all that Greece or Rome can show.

                              Claudia was the mother of several children, including the holy Martyrs
                              Praxedes and Pudentiana.

                              The eldest son of Caractacus, Cyllinus, went back to his native land. He is
                              mentioned in the family records of Jestyn ap Gwrgant, Prince of Glamorgan
                              in the eleventh century: "Cyllin ab Caradoc, a wise and just king. In his
                              days many of the Welsh embraced the Faith in Christ through the teaching of
                              the saints of Cor-Eurgain, and many godly men from the countries of Greece
                              and Rome were in Wales."

                              St. Lucius (in Welsh: "Lleuver Mawr", "The Great Light") was the grandson
                              of King Cyllinus. In the year 156 he sent a letter to Pope Eleutherius in
                              Rome asking to be made a Christian. (Evidently apostolic succession had
                              died out in Britain.) In accordance with his request, he was baptized by a
                              deacon of the Roman Church by the name of Timothy. Moreover, the Pope sent
                              two missionaries by the names of Fagan and Dyfan, who settled with twelve
                              disciples in Glastonbury. Lucius himself is said to have built the original
                              church dedicated to the Archangel Michael on Glastonbury Tor, and is
                              credited
                              with having founded an archbishopric in Llandaff in Wales, having been the
                              first to give "lands and the privilege of the country to those who first
                              dedicated themselves to the faith in Christ." The Churches of Gloucester
                              and London (Cornhill) also claim Lucius as their founder. It is said that
                              the second Bishop of London was Elfan, one of the messengers sent by Lucius
                              to Rome.

                              According to Notker's Martyrology (894), St. Lucius later "abandoned the
                              world, crossed the sea and converted many to Christ in Switzerland through
                              his preaching and miracles". However, this is doubted by the Swiss scholar
                              C. Simonett, who believes that the British King Lucius has been confused
                              with a Lucius from Chur in Switzerland, where the "Brittoni", a Celtic
                              tribe, were living, and who worked as a missionary against the Arians from
                              about 550 to 600.

                              St. Lucius died on December 3, 201.

                              (Sources: Bede, Ecclesiastical History, I, 4; William of Malmesbury, De
                              Antiquitate Ecclesiae Glastoniensis, 2; The Triads of Britain, 35,
                              translated by W. Probert, London: Wildwood House, 1977; Notker,
                              Martyrology; H.M. Porter, The Celtic Church in Somerset, Bath: Morgan
                              Books, pp. 125-127; C. Simonett, Geschicte der Storolz Chur, 1. Teil, Chur:
                              Calven-Verlag, 1976; Personal Communication, September 19, 1979)




                              St. Ethernan of Scotland, Bishop
                              --------------------------------------------------------------
                              Born in Scotland; dates unknown. The Scottish Saint Ethernan studied in
                              Ireland, and was consecrated bishop there. He then went back to
                              Scotland to evangelize (Benedictines).


                              St. Berin, the Apostle of Wessex
                              ---------------------------------------------
                              Frankish priest, born c.600. Died 3 December 650 at Dorchester.

                              Birinus was probably a Frank, consecrated a bishop by Archbishop
                              Asterius in Genoa. In 634, he was sent by Pope Honorius I to convert the
                              pagan people of Mercia. He landed at Portchester (Hampshire) and moved
                              up through the Christian Celts of Hampshire to Silchester (Hampshire).
                              Before he reached Mercia though, he encountered the pagan Saxons of the
                              Thames Valley. Finding them greatly in need of Christian teaching, he
                              decided to stay and was directed to the King's estate on the Berkshire
                              Downs, probably at Cholsey (Berkshire). Here he met King Cynegils of
                              Wessex who chose Churn Knob (Blewbury, Berkshire) as the site for the
                              saint's first sermon. He must have thought this ancient pagan place to
                              be a fine spot to intimidate the newcomer. However, Birinus was
                              unperturbed and even managed to persuade the King of the merits of
                              Christianity. Cynegils allowed Birinus to preach throughout his Kingdom,
                              but it took a while before he himself was totally converted.

                              The King was, at the time, desperately trying to finalise an alliance
                              with the powerful King Oswald of Northumbria. Together he hoped they
                              could defeat the hated Mercians. Cynegils arranged negotiations at his
                              palace in Easthampstead (Berkshire), and the King of Northumbria
                              travelled down to meet him. On reaching Finchampstead (Berkshire), the
                              King became thirsty and prayed for water. The Holy Dozell's (or
                              St.Oswald's) Well instantaneously sprang up and flowed fresh water. At
                              the Royal talks, the only sticking point was that Oswald was a Christian
                              and would not ally himself to any pagan. So the King of Wessex decided
                              it was time to be baptised into this new church. Oswald agreed the
                              alliance could then be cemented by the marriage of his daughter and the
                              southern King. Birinus was sent for and, at the nearby Fountain Garth
                              (Bracknell, Berkshire), Cynegils was baptised immediately.

                              The bishop was given the old Roman town of Dorcic (Dorchester-on-Thames,
                              Oxfordshire) in which to build himself a cathedral, and the Royal party
                              travelled north to examine the site. On the way many of the Royal
                              courtiers also expressed a desire to become Christian, so at the
                              Brightwell (Berskhire) crossing of the Thames near Dorchester, Birinus
                              arranged for a large proportion of his Court to be baptised en mass. The
                              King's son, Cwichelm, resisted at first, but he was eventually converted
                              to Christianity the following year. King Cynegils died in 643 and, about
                              five years later, the new King, Cenwalh, invited Birinus to establish an
                              important minster at Winchester. Other churches in Wessex have a lesser
                              claim to a Birinian foundation: St. Mary's, Reading (Berkshire); St.
                              Helen's, Abingdon (Berkshire) and the parish church of Taplow
                              (Buckinghamshire), where the saint is said to have bapised the local
                              Saxons in Bapsey Pond. These were the beginnings of the See of Wessex.
                              Birinus became its first Bishop and remained so until his death in 649.
                              His shrine at Dorchester became a great place of pilgrimage, but
                              controversy later arose when the Bishop moved his seat to Winchester and
                              claimed to have taken the body of Birinus with him. Winchester Cathedral
                              still has his relics.

                              Birinus had great devotion for the Body of Our Lord, as is shown in the
                              account of his walking on the sea to procure the corporal given him by
                              Pope Honorius, wherein he ever carried the Blessed Eucharist. Many
                              miracles took place at the discovery of Birinus's relics, and Huntingdon
                              among others speaks of "the great miracles of Birin". At present, there
                              is a growing devotion to him in the Established Church, due probably to
                              the connection of the British royal family with Cedric, a side branch of
                              whose stock was Cynegils.



                              ********************************
                              Suppliers of Icons of Celtic Saints for the church
                              or the prayer corner at home.
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                              *********************************


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                              Calendar of Celtic and Old English Saints
                              http://web.archive.org/web/20040810020519/www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/calenda\
                              rofsaints
                              Tiny Url:
                              http://tinyurl.com/5kt36e

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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