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  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
    Message 1 of 12 , Jul 29, 2001
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Germain of Auxerre
      * St. Neot of Cornwall
      * St. Joseph of Arimathea
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
      --------------------------------------------

      Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
      448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
      of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
      received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
      of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
      and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
      some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
      brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
      lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

      The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
      entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
      Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
      his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
      Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
      the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
      of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
      duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
      burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
      and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
      on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
      drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
      caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
      telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
      made him a deacon.

      A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
      everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
      prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
      died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
      consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
      stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
      sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
      austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
      Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
      spare moments.

      In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
      against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
      island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
      that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
      Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
      his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
      Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
      lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
      St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
      discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
      Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
      Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
      several schools for the training of the clergy.

      On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
      remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
      He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
      episcopal city.

      In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
      of Trèves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
      can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
      is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
      the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
      Saxons and Picts.

      On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
      for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
      deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
      emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
      he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
      Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
      Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
      was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

      His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
      interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
      oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
      Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
      the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
      later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
      intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
      more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
      when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
      cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
      picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
      Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
      canonically recognized.

      St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
      pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

      [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


      An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

      "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
      of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
      disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
      briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
      nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
      discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
      Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
      accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
      approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
      strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

      In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
      the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
      leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



      St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
      -----------------------------
      Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
      Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
      now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
      in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

      In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
      be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
      protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
      Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


      St. Joseph of Arimathea
      ------------------------
      [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
      1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
      in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
      John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
      accrued around his name in later years.

      Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
      follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
      officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
      Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
      Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
      at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
      have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
      carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
      himself.

      Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
      distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
      Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
      story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
      is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


      And did those feet in ancient time
      Walk upon England's mountains green?
      And was the holy Lamb of God
      On England's pleasant pastures seen?
      And did the countenance divine
      Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
      And was Jerusalem builded here
      Among those dark satanic mills?

      Bring me my bow of burning gold!
      Bring me my arrows of desire!
      Bring me my spear!
      O clouds, unfold!
      Bring me my chariot of fire!
      I will not cease from mental fight,
      Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
      Till we have built Jerusalem
      In England's green and pleasant land.


      This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
      returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
      known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
      important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
      about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

      Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
      blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
      mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
      wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
      observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
      calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
      to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
      Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
      superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
      fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
      survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
      grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
      and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

      It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
      appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
      sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
      the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
      wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
      given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
      Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
      on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

      Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
      essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
      Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
      believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
      investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
      Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
      so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
      had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
      name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
      Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
      was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
      candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
      connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
      (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
      White).

      In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
      ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
      blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
      thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
      and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
      He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
      undertakers (Roeder, White).

      To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
      click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

      Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
      http://www.odox.net/Icons-Joseph.htm##1
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/temporary-celt/message/7612

      Troparion tone 2
      Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
      in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
      sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
      world great mercy.


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm
      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
      Message 2 of 12 , Jul 29, 2002
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Germain of Auxerre
        * St. Neot of Cornwall
        * St. Joseph of Arimathea
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
        --------------------------------------------

        Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
        448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
        of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
        received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
        of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
        and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
        some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
        brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
        lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

        The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
        entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
        Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
        his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
        Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
        the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
        of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
        duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
        burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
        and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
        on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
        drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
        caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
        telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
        made him a deacon.

        A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
        everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
        prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
        died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
        consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
        stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
        sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
        austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
        Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
        spare moments.

        In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
        against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
        island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
        that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
        Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
        his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
        Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
        lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
        St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
        discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
        Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
        Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
        several schools for the training of the clergy.

        On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
        remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
        He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
        episcopal city.

        In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
        of Trèves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
        can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
        is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
        the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
        Saxons and Picts.

        On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
        for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
        deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
        emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
        he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
        Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
        Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
        was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

        His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
        interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
        oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
        Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
        the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
        later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
        intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
        more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
        when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
        cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
        picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
        Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
        canonically recognized.

        St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
        pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

        [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


        An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

        "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
        of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
        disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
        briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
        nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
        discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
        Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
        accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
        approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
        strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

        In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
        the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
        leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



        St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
        -----------------------------
        Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
        Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
        now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
        in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

        In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
        be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
        protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
        Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


        St. Joseph of Arimathea
        ------------------------
        [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
        1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
        in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
        John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
        accrued around his name in later years.

        Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
        follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
        officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
        Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
        Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
        at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
        have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
        carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
        himself.

        Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
        distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
        Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
        story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
        is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


        And did those feet in ancient time
        Walk upon England's mountains green?
        And was the holy Lamb of God
        On England's pleasant pastures seen?
        And did the countenance divine
        Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
        And was Jerusalem builded here
        Among those dark satanic mills?

        Bring me my bow of burning gold!
        Bring me my arrows of desire!
        Bring me my spear!
        O clouds, unfold!
        Bring me my chariot of fire!
        I will not cease from mental fight,
        Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
        Till we have built Jerusalem
        In England's green and pleasant land.


        This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
        returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
        known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
        important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
        about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

        Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
        blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
        mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
        wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
        observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
        calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
        to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
        Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
        superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
        fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
        survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
        grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
        and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

        It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
        appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
        sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
        the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
        wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
        given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
        Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
        on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

        Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
        essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
        Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
        believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
        investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
        Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
        so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
        had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
        name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
        Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
        was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
        candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
        connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
        (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
        White).

        In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
        ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
        blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
        thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
        and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
        He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
        undertakers (Roeder, White).

        To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
        click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

        Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
        http://www.odox.net/Icons-Joseph.htm##1
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/temporary-celt/message/7612

        Troparion tone 2
        Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
        in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
        sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
        world great mercy.


        Lives kindly supplied by:
        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm
        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
        Message 3 of 12 , Jul 30, 2003
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Germain of Auxerre
          * St. Neot of Cornwall
          * St. Joseph of Arimathea
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
          --------------------------------------------

          Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
          448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
          of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
          received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
          of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
          and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
          some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
          brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
          lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

          The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
          entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
          Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
          his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
          Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
          the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
          of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
          duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
          burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
          and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
          on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
          drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
          caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
          telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
          made him a deacon.

          A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
          everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
          prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
          died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
          consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
          stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
          sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
          austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
          Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
          spare moments.

          In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
          against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
          island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
          that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
          Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
          his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
          Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
          lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
          St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
          discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
          Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
          Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
          several schools for the training of the clergy.

          On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
          remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
          He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
          episcopal city.

          In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
          of Trèves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
          can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
          is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
          the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
          Saxons and Picts.

          On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
          for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
          deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
          emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
          he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
          Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
          Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
          was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

          His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
          interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
          oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
          Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
          the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
          later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
          intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
          more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
          when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
          cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
          picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
          Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
          canonically recognized.

          St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
          pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

          [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


          An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

          "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
          of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
          disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
          briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
          nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
          discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
          Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
          accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
          approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
          strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

          In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
          the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
          leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



          St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
          -----------------------------
          Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
          Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
          now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
          in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

          In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
          be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
          protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
          Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


          St. Joseph of Arimathea
          ------------------------
          [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
          1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
          in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
          John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
          accrued around his name in later years.

          Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
          follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
          officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
          Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
          Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
          at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
          have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
          carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
          himself.

          Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
          distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
          Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
          story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
          is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


          And did those feet in ancient time
          Walk upon England's mountains green?
          And was the holy Lamb of God
          On England's pleasant pastures seen?
          And did the countenance divine
          Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
          And was Jerusalem builded here
          Among those dark satanic mills?

          Bring me my bow of burning gold!
          Bring me my arrows of desire!
          Bring me my spear!
          O clouds, unfold!
          Bring me my chariot of fire!
          I will not cease from mental fight,
          Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
          Till we have built Jerusalem
          In England's green and pleasant land.


          This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
          returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
          known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
          important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
          about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

          Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
          blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
          mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
          wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
          observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
          calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
          to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
          Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
          superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
          fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
          survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
          grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
          and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

          It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
          appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
          sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
          the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
          wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
          given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
          Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
          on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

          Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
          essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
          Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
          believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
          investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
          Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
          so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
          had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
          name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
          Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
          was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
          candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
          connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
          (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
          White).

          In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
          ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
          blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
          thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
          and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
          He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
          undertakers (Roeder, White).

          To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
          click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

          Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
          http://www.odox.net/Icons-Joseph.htm##1
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/temporary-celt/message/7612

          Troparion tone 2
          Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
          in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
          sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
          world great mercy.


          Lives kindly supplied by:
          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm
          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/
          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
          Message 4 of 12 , Jul 30, 2004
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Germain of Auxerre
            * St. Neot of Cornwall
            * St. Joseph of Arimathea
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
            --------------------------------------------

            Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
            448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
            of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
            received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
            of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
            and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
            some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
            brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
            lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

            The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
            entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
            Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
            his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
            Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
            the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
            of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
            duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
            burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
            and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
            on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
            drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
            caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
            telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
            made him a deacon.

            A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
            everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
            prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
            died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
            consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
            stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
            sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
            austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
            Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
            spare moments.

            In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
            against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
            island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
            that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
            Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
            his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
            Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
            lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
            St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
            discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
            Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
            Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
            several schools for the training of the clergy.

            On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
            remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
            He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
            episcopal city.

            In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
            of Trиves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
            can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
            is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
            the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
            Saxons and Picts.

            On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
            for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
            deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
            emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
            he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
            Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
            Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
            was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

            His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
            interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
            oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
            Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
            the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
            later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
            intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
            more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
            when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
            cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
            picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
            Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
            canonically recognized.

            St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
            pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

            [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


            An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

            "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
            of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
            disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
            briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
            nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
            discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
            Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
            accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
            approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
            strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

            In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
            the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
            leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



            St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
            -----------------------------
            Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
            Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
            now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
            in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

            In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
            be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
            protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
            Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


            St. Joseph of Arimathea
            ------------------------
            [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
            1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
            in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
            John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
            accrued around his name in later years.

            Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
            follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
            officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
            Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
            Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
            at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
            have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
            carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
            himself.

            Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
            distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
            Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
            story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
            is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


            And did those feet in ancient time
            Walk upon England's mountains green?
            And was the holy Lamb of God
            On England's pleasant pastures seen?
            And did the countenance divine
            Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
            And was Jerusalem builded here
            Among those dark satanic mills?

            Bring me my bow of burning gold!
            Bring me my arrows of desire!
            Bring me my spear!
            O clouds, unfold!
            Bring me my chariot of fire!
            I will not cease from mental fight,
            Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
            Till we have built Jerusalem
            In England's green and pleasant land.


            This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
            returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
            known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
            important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
            about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

            Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
            blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
            mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
            wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
            observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
            calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
            to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
            Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
            superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
            fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
            survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
            grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
            and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

            It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
            appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
            sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
            the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
            wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
            given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
            Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
            on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

            Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
            essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
            Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
            believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
            investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
            Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
            so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
            had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
            name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
            Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
            was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
            candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
            connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
            (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
            White).

            In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
            ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
            blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
            thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
            and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
            He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
            undertakers (Roeder, White).

            To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
            click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

            Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
            http://www.odox.net/Icons-Joseph.htm##1
            Look in the Icons folder at
            http://photos.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/lst


            Troparion tone 2
            Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
            in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
            sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
            world great mercy.


            Lives kindly supplied by:
            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
            Message 5 of 12 , Jul 29, 2005
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Germain of Auxerre
              * St. Neot of Cornwall
              * St. Joseph of Arimathea
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
              --------------------------------------------

              Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
              448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
              of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
              received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
              of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
              and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
              some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
              brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
              lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

              The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
              entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
              Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
              his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
              Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
              the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
              of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
              duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
              burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
              and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
              on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
              drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
              caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
              telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
              made him a deacon.

              A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
              everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
              prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
              died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
              consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
              stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
              sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
              austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
              Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
              spare moments.

              In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
              against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
              island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
              that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
              Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
              his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
              Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
              lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
              St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
              discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
              Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
              Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
              several schools for the training of the clergy.

              On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
              remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
              He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
              episcopal city.

              In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
              of Trèves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
              can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
              is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
              the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
              Saxons and Picts.

              On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
              for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
              deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
              emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
              he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
              Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
              Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
              was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

              His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
              interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
              oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
              Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
              the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
              later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
              intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
              more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
              when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
              cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
              picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
              Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
              canonically recognized.

              St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
              pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

              [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


              An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

              "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
              of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
              disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
              briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
              nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
              discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
              Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
              accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
              approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
              strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

              In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
              the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
              leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



              St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
              -----------------------------
              Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
              Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
              now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
              in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

              In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
              be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
              protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
              Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


              St. Joseph of Arimathea
              ------------------------
              [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
              1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
              in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
              John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
              accrued around his name in later years.

              Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
              follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
              officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
              Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
              Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
              at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
              have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
              carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
              himself.

              Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
              distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
              Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
              story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
              is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


              And did those feet in ancient time
              Walk upon England's mountains green?
              And was the holy Lamb of God
              On England's pleasant pastures seen?
              And did the countenance divine
              Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
              And was Jerusalem builded here
              Among those dark satanic mills?

              Bring me my bow of burning gold!
              Bring me my arrows of desire!
              Bring me my spear!
              O clouds, unfold!
              Bring me my chariot of fire!
              I will not cease from mental fight,
              Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
              Till we have built Jerusalem
              In England's green and pleasant land.


              This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
              returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
              known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
              important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
              about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

              Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
              blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
              mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
              wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
              observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
              calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
              to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
              Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
              superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
              fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
              survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
              grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
              and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

              It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
              appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
              sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
              the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
              wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
              given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
              Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
              on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

              Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
              essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
              Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
              believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
              investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
              Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
              so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
              had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
              name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
              Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
              was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
              candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
              connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
              (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
              White).

              In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
              ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
              blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
              thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
              and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
              He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
              undertakers (Roeder, White).

              To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
              click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

              Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
              http://www.odox.net/Icons-Joseph.htm##1
              Look in the Icons folder at
              http://photos.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/lst


              Troparion tone 2
              Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
              in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
              sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
              world great mercy.


              Lives kindly supplied by:
              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
              http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              *****************************************
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
              Message 6 of 12 , Jul 30, 2006
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Germain of Auxerre
                * St. Neot of Cornwall
                * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                --------------------------------------------

                Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                made him a deacon.

                A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                spare moments.

                In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                several schools for the training of the clergy.

                On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                episcopal city.

                In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                of Trèves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                Saxons and Picts.

                On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                canonically recognized.

                St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                -----------------------------
                Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                St. Joseph of Arimathea
                ------------------------
                [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                accrued around his name in later years.

                Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                himself.

                Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                And did those feet in ancient time
                Walk upon England's mountains green?
                And was the holy Lamb of God
                On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                And did the countenance divine
                Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                And was Jerusalem builded here
                Among those dark satanic mills?

                Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                Bring me my arrows of desire!
                Bring me my spear!
                O clouds, unfold!
                Bring me my chariot of fire!
                I will not cease from mental fight,
                Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                Till we have built Jerusalem
                In England's green and pleasant land.


                This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                White).

                In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                undertakers (Roeder, White).

                To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Joseph.htm##1
                In the Icons folder at
                http://photos.groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints/lst


                Troparion tone 2
                Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                world great mercy.


                Lives kindly supplied by:
                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                *****************************************
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
                Message 7 of 12 , Jul 30, 2007
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Germain of Auxerre
                  * St. Neot of Cornwall
                  * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                  --------------------------------------------

                  Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                  448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                  of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                  received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                  of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                  and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                  some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                  brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                  lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                  The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                  entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                  Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                  his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                  Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                  the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                  of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                  duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                  burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                  and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                  on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                  drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                  caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                  telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                  made him a deacon.

                  A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                  everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                  prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                  died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                  consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                  stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                  sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                  austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                  Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                  spare moments.

                  In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                  against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                  island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                  that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                  Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                  his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                  Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                  lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                  St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                  discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                  Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                  Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                  several schools for the training of the clergy.

                  On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                  remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                  He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                  episcopal city.

                  In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                  of Trèves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                  can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                  is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                  the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                  Saxons and Picts.

                  On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                  for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                  deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                  emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                  he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                  Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                  Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                  was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                  His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                  interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                  oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                  Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                  the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                  later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                  intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                  more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                  when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                  cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                  picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                  Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                  canonically recognized.

                  St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                  pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                  [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                  An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                  "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                  of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                  disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                  briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                  nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                  discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                  Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                  accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                  approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                  strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                  In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                  the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                  leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                  St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                  -----------------------------
                  Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                  Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                  now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                  in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                  In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                  be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                  protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                  Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                  St. Joseph of Arimathea
                  ------------------------
                  [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                  1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                  in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                  John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                  accrued around his name in later years.

                  Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                  follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                  officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                  Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                  Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                  at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                  have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                  carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                  himself.

                  Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                  distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                  Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                  story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                  is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                  And did those feet in ancient time
                  Walk upon England's mountains green?
                  And was the holy Lamb of God
                  On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                  And did the countenance divine
                  Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                  And was Jerusalem builded here
                  Among those dark satanic mills?

                  Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                  Bring me my arrows of desire!
                  Bring me my spear!
                  O clouds, unfold!
                  Bring me my chariot of fire!
                  I will not cease from mental fight,
                  Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                  Till we have built Jerusalem
                  In England's green and pleasant land.


                  This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                  returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                  known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                  important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                  about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                  Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                  blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                  mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                  wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                  observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                  calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                  to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                  Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                  superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                  fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                  survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                  grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                  and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                  It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                  appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                  sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                  the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                  wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                  given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                  Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                  on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                  Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                  essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                  Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                  believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                  investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                  Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                  so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                  had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                  name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                  Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                  was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                  candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                  connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                  (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                  White).

                  In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                  ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                  blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                  thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                  and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                  He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                  undertakers (Roeder, White).

                  To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                  click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                  Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                  http://www.odox.net/Icons-Joseph.htm##1


                  Troparion tone 2
                  Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                  in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                  sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                  world great mercy.


                  Lives kindly supplied by:
                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                  http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  *****************************************
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
                  Message 8 of 12 , Jul 29, 2008
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Germain of Auxerre
                    * St. Neot of Cornwall
                    * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                    --------------------------------------------

                    Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                    448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                    of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                    received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                    of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                    and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                    some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                    brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                    lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                    The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                    entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                    Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                    his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                    Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                    the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                    of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                    duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                    burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                    and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                    on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                    drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                    caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                    telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                    made him a deacon.

                    A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                    everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                    prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                    died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                    consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                    stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                    sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                    austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                    Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                    spare moments.

                    In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                    against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                    island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                    that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                    Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                    his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                    Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                    lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                    St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                    discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                    Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                    Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                    several schools for the training of the clergy.

                    On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                    remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                    He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                    episcopal city.

                    In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                    of Tr?ves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                    can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                    is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                    the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                    Saxons and Picts.

                    On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                    for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                    deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                    emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                    he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                    Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                    Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                    was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                    His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                    interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                    oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                    Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                    the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                    later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                    intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                    more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                    when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                    cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                    picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                    Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                    canonically recognized.

                    St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                    pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                    [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                    An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                    "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                    of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                    disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                    briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                    nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                    discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                    Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                    accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                    approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                    strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                    In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                    the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                    leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                    St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                    -----------------------------
                    Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                    Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                    now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                    in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                    In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                    be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                    protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                    Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                    St. Joseph of Arimathea
                    ------------------------
                    [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                    1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                    in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                    John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                    accrued around his name in later years.

                    Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                    follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                    officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                    Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                    Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                    at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                    have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                    carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                    himself.

                    Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                    distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                    Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                    story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                    is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                    And did those feet in ancient time
                    Walk upon England's mountains green?
                    And was the holy Lamb of God
                    On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                    And did the countenance divine
                    Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                    And was Jerusalem builded here
                    Among those dark satanic mills?

                    Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                    Bring me my arrows of desire!
                    Bring me my spear!
                    O clouds, unfold!
                    Bring me my chariot of fire!
                    I will not cease from mental fight,
                    Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                    Till we have built Jerusalem
                    In England's green and pleasant land.


                    This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                    returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                    known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                    important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                    about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                    Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                    blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                    mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                    wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                    observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                    calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                    to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                    Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                    superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                    fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                    survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                    grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                    and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                    It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                    appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                    sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                    the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                    wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                    given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                    Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                    on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                    Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                    essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                    Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                    believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                    investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                    Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                    so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                    had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                    name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                    Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                    was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                    candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                    connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                    (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                    White).

                    In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                    ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                    blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                    thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                    and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                    He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                    undertakers (Roeder, White).

                    To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                    click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                    Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                    http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Joseph.htm



                    Troparion tone 2
                    Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                    in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                    sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                    world great mercy.


                    Lives kindly supplied by:
                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                    http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    *****************************************
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
                    Message 9 of 12 , Jul 30, 2009
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Germain of Auxerre
                      * St. Neot of Cornwall
                      * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                      --------------------------------------------

                      Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                      448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                      of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                      received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                      of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                      and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                      some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                      brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                      lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                      The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                      entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                      Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                      his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                      Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                      the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                      of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                      duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                      burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                      and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                      on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                      drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                      caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                      telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                      made him a deacon.

                      A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                      everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                      prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                      died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                      consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                      stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                      sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                      austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                      Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                      spare moments.

                      In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                      against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                      island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                      that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                      Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                      his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                      Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                      lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                      St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                      discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                      Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                      Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                      several schools for the training of the clergy.

                      On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                      remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                      He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                      episcopal city.

                      In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                      of Tr?ves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                      can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                      is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                      the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                      Saxons and Picts.

                      On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                      for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                      deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                      emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                      he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                      Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                      Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                      was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                      His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                      interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                      oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                      Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                      the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                      later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                      intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                      more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                      when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                      cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                      picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                      Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                      canonically recognized.

                      St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                      pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                      [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                      An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                      "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                      of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                      disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                      briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                      nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                      discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                      Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                      accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                      approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                      strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                      In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                      the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                      leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                      St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                      -----------------------------
                      Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                      Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                      now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                      in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                      In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                      be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                      protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                      Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                      St. Joseph of Arimathea
                      ------------------------
                      [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                      1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                      in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                      John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                      accrued around his name in later years.

                      Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                      follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                      officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                      Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                      Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                      at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                      have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                      carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                      himself.

                      Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                      distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                      Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                      story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                      is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                      And did those feet in ancient time
                      Walk upon England's mountains green?
                      And was the holy Lamb of God
                      On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                      And did the countenance divine
                      Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                      And was Jerusalem builded here
                      Among those dark satanic mills?

                      Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                      Bring me my arrows of desire!
                      Bring me my spear!
                      O clouds, unfold!
                      Bring me my chariot of fire!
                      I will not cease from mental fight,
                      Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                      Till we have built Jerusalem
                      In England's green and pleasant land.


                      This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                      returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                      known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                      important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                      about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                      Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                      blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                      mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                      wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                      observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                      calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                      to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                      Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                      superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                      fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                      survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                      grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                      and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                      It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                      appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                      sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                      the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                      wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                      given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                      Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                      on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                      Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                      essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                      Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                      believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                      investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                      Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                      so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                      had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                      name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                      Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                      was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                      candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                      connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                      (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                      White).

                      In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                      ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                      blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                      thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                      and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                      He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                      undertakers (Roeder, White).

                      To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                      click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                      Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Joseph.htm



                      Troparion tone 2
                      Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                      in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                      sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                      world great mercy.


                      Lives kindly supplied by:
                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      *****************************************
                    • emrys@globe.net.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
                      Message 10 of 12 , Jul 29, 2010
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Germain of Auxerre
                        * St. Neot of Cornwall
                        * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                        --------------------------------------------

                        Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                        448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                        of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                        received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                        of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                        and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                        some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                        brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                        lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                        The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                        entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                        Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                        his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                        Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                        the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                        of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                        duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                        burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                        and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                        on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                        drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                        caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                        telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                        made him a deacon.

                        A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                        everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                        prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                        died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                        consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                        stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                        sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                        austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                        Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                        spare moments.

                        In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                        against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                        island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                        that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                        Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                        his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                        Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                        lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                        St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                        discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                        Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                        Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                        several schools for the training of the clergy.

                        On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                        remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                        He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                        episcopal city.

                        In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                        of Tr?ves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                        can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                        is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                        the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                        Saxons and Picts.

                        On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                        for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                        deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                        emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                        he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                        Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                        Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                        was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                        His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                        interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                        oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                        Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                        the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                        later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                        intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                        more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                        when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                        cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                        picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                        Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                        canonically recognized.

                        St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                        pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                        [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                        An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                        "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                        of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                        disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                        briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                        nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                        discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                        Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                        accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                        approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                        strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                        In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                        the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                        leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                        St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                        -----------------------------
                        Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                        Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                        now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                        in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                        In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                        be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                        protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                        Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                        St. Joseph of Arimathea
                        ------------------------
                        [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                        1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                        in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                        John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                        accrued around his name in later years.

                        Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                        follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                        officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                        Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                        Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                        at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                        have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                        carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                        himself.

                        Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                        distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                        Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                        story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                        is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                        And did those feet in ancient time
                        Walk upon England's mountains green?
                        And was the holy Lamb of God
                        On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                        And did the countenance divine
                        Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                        And was Jerusalem builded here
                        Among those dark satanic mills?

                        Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                        Bring me my arrows of desire!
                        Bring me my spear!
                        O clouds, unfold!
                        Bring me my chariot of fire!
                        I will not cease from mental fight,
                        Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                        Till we have built Jerusalem
                        In England's green and pleasant land.


                        This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                        returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                        known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                        important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                        about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                        Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                        blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                        mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                        wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                        observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                        calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                        to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                        Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                        superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                        fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                        survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                        grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                        and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                        It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                        appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                        sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                        the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                        wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                        given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                        Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                        on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                        Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                        essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                        Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                        believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                        investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                        Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                        so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                        had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                        name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                        Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                        was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                        candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                        connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                        (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                        White).

                        In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                        ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                        blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                        thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                        and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                        He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                        undertakers (Roeder, White).

                        To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                        click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                        Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Joseph.htm



                        Troparion tone 2
                        Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                        in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                        sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                        world great mercy.


                        Lives kindly supplied by:
                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        *****************************************
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
                        Message 11 of 12 , Jul 30, 2011
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Germain of Auxerre
                          * St. Neot of Cornwall
                          * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                          --------------------------------------------

                          Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                          448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                          of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                          received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                          of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                          and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                          some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                          brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                          lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                          The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                          entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                          Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                          his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                          Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                          the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                          of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                          duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                          burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                          and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                          on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                          drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                          caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                          telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                          made him a deacon.

                          A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                          everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                          prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                          died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                          consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                          stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                          sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                          austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                          Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                          spare moments.

                          In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                          against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                          island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                          that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                          Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                          his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                          Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                          lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                          St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                          discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                          Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                          Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                          several schools for the training of the clergy.

                          On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                          remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                          He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                          episcopal city.

                          In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                          of Tr?ves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                          can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                          is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                          the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                          Saxons and Picts.

                          On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                          for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                          deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                          emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                          he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                          Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                          Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                          was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                          His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                          interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                          oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                          Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                          the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                          later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                          intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                          more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                          when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                          cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                          picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                          Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                          canonically recognized.

                          St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                          pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                          [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                          An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                          "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                          of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                          disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                          briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                          nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                          discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                          Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                          accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                          approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                          strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                          In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                          the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                          leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                          St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                          -----------------------------
                          Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                          Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                          now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                          in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                          In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                          be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                          protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                          Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                          St. Joseph of Arimathea
                          ------------------------
                          [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                          1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                          in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                          John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                          accrued around his name in later years.

                          Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                          follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                          officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                          Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                          Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                          at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                          have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                          carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                          himself.

                          Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                          distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                          Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                          story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                          is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                          And did those feet in ancient time
                          Walk upon England's mountains green?
                          And was the holy Lamb of God
                          On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                          And did the countenance divine
                          Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                          And was Jerusalem builded here
                          Among those dark satanic mills?

                          Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                          Bring me my arrows of desire!
                          Bring me my spear!
                          O clouds, unfold!
                          Bring me my chariot of fire!
                          I will not cease from mental fight,
                          Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                          Till we have built Jerusalem
                          In England's green and pleasant land.


                          This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                          returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                          known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                          important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                          about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                          Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                          blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                          mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                          wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                          observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                          calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                          to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                          Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                          superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                          fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                          survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                          grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                          and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                          It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                          appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                          sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                          the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                          wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                          given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                          Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                          on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                          Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                          essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                          Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                          believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                          investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                          Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                          so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                          had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                          name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                          Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                          was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                          candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                          connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                          (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                          White).

                          In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                          ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                          blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                          thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                          and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                          He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                          undertakers (Roeder, White).

                          To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                          click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                          Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                          http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Joseph.htm



                          Troparion tone 2
                          Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                          in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                          sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                          world great mercy.


                          Lives kindly supplied by:
                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                          http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          *****************************************
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Germain of Auxerre * St. Neot of Cornwall * St. Joseph of
                          Message 12 of 12 , Jul 30, 2012
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 31 July

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Germain of Auxerre
                            * St. Neot of Cornwall
                            * St. Joseph of Arimathea
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Germanus (Germain), Bishop of Auxerre
                            --------------------------------------------

                            Bishop of Auxerre, born at Auxerre c. 380; died at Ravenna, 31 July,
                            448. He was the son of Rusticus and Germanilla, and his family was one
                            of the noblest in Gaul in the latter portion of the fourth century. He
                            received the very best education provided by the distinguished schools
                            of Arles and Lyons, and then went to Rome, where he studied eloquence
                            and civil law. He practised there before the tribunal of the prefect for
                            some years with great success. His high birth and brilliant talents
                            brought him into contact with the court, and he married Eustachia, a
                            lady highly esteemed in imperial circles.

                            The emperor sent him back to Gaul, appointing him one of the six dukes,
                            entrusted with the government of the Gallic provinces. He resided at
                            Auxerre and gave himself up to all the enjoyments that naturally fell to
                            his lot. At length he incurred the displeasure of the bishop, St.
                            Amator. It appears that Germain was accustomed to hang the trophies of
                            the chase on a certain tree, which in earlier times had been the scene
                            of pagan worship. Amator remonstrated with him in vain. One day when the
                            duke was absent, the bishop had the tree cut down and the trophies
                            burnt. Fearing the anger of the duke, who wished to kill him, he fled
                            and appealed to the prefect Julius for permission to confer the tonsure
                            on Germain. This being granted, Amator, who felt that his own life was
                            drawing to a close, returned. When the duke came to the church, Amator
                            caused the doors to be barred and gave him the tonsure against his will,
                            telling him to live as one destined to be his successor, and forthwith
                            made him a deacon.

                            A wonderful change was instantly wrought in Germain, and he accepted
                            everything that had happened as the Divine will. He gave himself up to
                            prayer, study, and works of charity, and, when in a short time Amator
                            died, Germain was unanimously chosen to fill the vacant see, being
                            consecrated 7 July, 418. His splendid education now served him in good
                            stead in the government of the diocese, which he administered with great
                            sagacity. He distributed his goods among the poor, and practised great
                            austerities. He built a large monastery dedicated to Sts. Cosmas and
                            Damian on the banks of the Yonne, whither he was wont to retire in his
                            spare moments.

                            In 429 the bishops of Britain sent an appeal to the continent for help
                            against the Pelagian heretics who were corrupting the faith of the
                            island. St. Prosper, who was in Rome in 431, tells us in his Chronicle
                            that Pope Celestine commissioned the Church in Gaul to send help, and
                            Germain and Lupus of Troyes were deputed to cross over to Britain. On
                            his way Germain stopped at Nanterre, where he met a young child,
                            Genevieve, destined to become the patroness of Paris. One of the early
                            lives of St. Patrick, Apostle of Ireland, tells us that he formed one of
                            St. Germain's suite on this occasion. Tradition tells us that the main
                            discussion with the representatives of Pelagianism took place at St.
                            Alban's, and resulted in the complete discomfiture of the heretics.
                            Germain remained in Britain for some time preaching, and established
                            several schools for the training of the clergy.

                            On his return he went to Arles to visit the prefect, and obtained the
                            remission of certain taxes that were oppressing the people of Auxerre.
                            He constructed a church in honour of St. Alban about this time in his
                            episcopal city.

                            In 447 he was invited to revisit Britain, and went with Severus, bishop
                            of Tr?ves. It would seem that he did much for the Church there, if one
                            can judge from the traditions handed down in Wales. On one occasion he
                            is said to have aided the Britons to gain a great victory (called from
                            the battle-cry, Alleluia! the Alleluia victory) over a marauding body of
                            Saxons and Picts.

                            On his return to Gaul, he proceeded to Armorica (Brittany) to intercede
                            for the Armoricans who had been in rebellion. Their punishment was
                            deferred at his entreaty, till he should have laid their case before the
                            emperor. He set out for Italy, and reached Milan on 17 June, 448. Then
                            he journeyed to Ravenna, where he interviewed the empress-mother, Galla
                            Placidia, on their behalf. The empress and the bishop of the city, St.
                            Peter Chrysologus, gave him a royal welcome, and the pardon he sought
                            was granted. While there he died on 31 July, 450.

                            His body, as he requested when dying, was brought back to Auxerre and
                            interred in the Oratory of St. Maurice, which he had built. Later the
                            oratory was replaced by a large church, which became a celebrated
                            Benedictine abbey known as St. Germain's. This tribute to the memory of
                            the saint was the gift of Queen Clotilda, wife of Clovis. Some centuries
                            later, Charles the Bald had the shrine opened, and the body was found
                            intact. It was embalmed and wrapped in precious cloths, and placed in a
                            more prominent position in the church. There it was preserved till 1567,
                            when Auxerre was taken by the Huguenots, who desecrated the shrine and
                            cast out the relics. It has been said that the relics were afterwards
                            picked up and placed in the Abbey of St. Marion on the banks of the
                            Yonne, but the authenticity of the relics in this church has never been
                            canonically recognized.

                            St. Germain was honoured in Cornwall and at St. Alban's in England's
                            pre-reformation days, and has always been the patron of Auxerre.

                            [ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/06472b.htm ]


                            An except from the Life of Saint Germain, written by Heric of Auxerre:

                            "Since the glory of the father shines in the training of the children,
                            of the many sons in Christ whom St. Germain is believed to have had as
                            disciples in religion, let it suffice to make mention here, very
                            briefly, of one most famous, Patrick, the special Apostle of the Irish
                            nation, as the record of his work proves. Subject to that most holy
                            discipleship for 18 years, he drank in no little knowledge in Holy
                            Scripture from the stream of so great a well-spring. Germain sent him,
                            accompanied by Segetius, his priest, to Celestine, Pope of Rome,
                            approved of by whose judgement, supported by whose authority, and
                            strengthened by whose blessing, he went on his way to Ireland."

                            In art, Saint Germanus is a bishop with an ass at his feet. Sometimes
                            the image may contain huntsmen and wild game around him, or Germanus
                            leading a dragon with seven heads (Roeder).



                            St. Neot of Cornwall, Hermit
                            -----------------------------
                            Died c. 877-880. According to tradition, Saint Neot was a monk of
                            Glastonbury and a priest, who became a hermit in Cornwall at the place
                            now called after him. His relics were subsequently taken to Saint Neot's
                            in Huntingdonshire (Benedictines).

                            In art, Saint Neot is an old monk with a pilgrim's staff and hat. He may
                            be sitting with his feet in a pool as a hind runs to him for
                            protection (Roeder). Neot is venerated at Glastonbury, Malvern, and
                            Saint Neot's (Cornwall) (Roeder).


                            St. Joseph of Arimathea
                            ------------------------
                            [Feastday in Western Calendars is 17 and 27 March]
                            1st century. We read about Joseph of Arimathea, the "noble counsellor,"
                            in all four Gospels (Matthew 27:57-61; Mark 15:43-46; Luke 23:50-56; and
                            John 19:38-42). As with many of the Biblical figures, numerous legends
                            accrued around his name in later years.

                            Saint Joseph was a wealthy member of the temple council and a secret
                            follower of Jesus because he was afraid of persecution from Jewish
                            officials. He attended the Crucifixion, and legend has it that he caught
                            Jesus's blood as he hung upon the cross. What is said to be the Sacro
                            Catino in which Joseph caught the blood of Christ at the Crucifixion is
                            at San Lorenzo, Genoa, Italy. Joseph persuaded Pontius Pilate to let him
                            have Jesus's body, wrapped it in linen and herbs, and laid it in a tomb
                            carved in a rock in the side of a hill, a tomb that he had prepared for
                            himself.

                            Later tradition has embellished this account to add that Joseph was a
                            distant relative of Jesus, who derived his wealth from tin mines in
                            Cornwall, which he visited from time to time. One version tells the
                            story of the teenaged Jesus accompanying Joseph on one such visit. This
                            is the background of the poem "Jerusalem," by William Blake (1757-1827):


                            And did those feet in ancient time
                            Walk upon England's mountains green?
                            And was the holy Lamb of God
                            On England's pleasant pastures seen?
                            And did the countenance divine
                            Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
                            And was Jerusalem builded here
                            Among those dark satanic mills?

                            Bring me my bow of burning gold!
                            Bring me my arrows of desire!
                            Bring me my spear!
                            O clouds, unfold!
                            Bring me my chariot of fire!
                            I will not cease from mental fight,
                            Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand,
                            Till we have built Jerusalem
                            In England's green and pleasant land.


                            This version continues to say that, after the Crucifixion, Saint Joseph
                            returned to Cornwall, bringing with him the chalice of the Last Supper,
                            known as the Holy Grail. The Holy Grail was hidden and played an
                            important part in the folk history of England in the great national epic
                            about King Arthur and his knights who unsuccessfully seek to find it.

                            Upon reaching Glastonbury, he planted his staff, which took root and
                            blossomed into a thorn tree. This is the Holy Thorn, which flowers at
                            mod-winter at Christmas and again in May. King Charles I baited his
                            wife's Roman Catholic chaplain by
                            observing that, although Pope Gregory had proclaimed a reform of the
                            calendar, the Glastonbury Thorn ignored the Pope's decree and continued
                            to blossom on Christmas Day according to the Old Calendar. One of
                            Cromwell's soldiers cut down the Thorn because it was a relic of
                            superstition. We are told that he was blinded by one of the thorns as it
                            fell. A tree allegedly grown from a cutting of the original Thorn
                            survives today in Glastonbury (and trees propagated from it stand on the
                            grounds of the Cathedral in Washington, DC, and presumably elsewhere)
                            and leaves from it are sold in all the tourist shops in Glastonbury.

                            It was not until about the middle of the 13th century that the legend
                            appears saying Joseph accompanied Saint Philip to Gaul to preach and was
                            sent by him to England as the leader of 12 missionaries. It is said that
                            the company, inspired by Gabriel the archangel, built a church made of
                            wattles in honour of the Virgin Mary on an island called Yniswitrin,
                            given to them by the king of England. The church eventually evolved into
                            Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Supposedly Joseph died there, was buried
                            on the island, and miraculous cures worked at his grave.

                            Is there any merit to the legends of Saint Joseph? Perhaps. Tin, an
                            essential ingredient of bronze, was highly valued in ancient times, and
                            Phoenician ships imported tin from Cornwall. It is not unreasonable to
                            believe that some first-century, Jewish Christians might have been
                            investors in the Cornwall tin trade. Christianity gained a foothold in
                            Britain very early, perhaps, in part, because of the commerce in tin. If
                            so, then the early British Christians would have a tradition that they
                            had been evangelized by a wealthy Jewish Christian. Having forgotten his
                            name, they might have consulted the Scriptures and found that Joseph and
                            Saint Barnabas fit the description. Because much of the life of Barnabas
                            was already described by the Acts of the Apostles making him an unlikely
                            candidate, only Joseph was left. Thus, Christians seeking an immediate
                            connection with their Lord, grasped on to Joseph as their evangelizer
                            (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Robinson,
                            White).

                            In art, Saint Joseph is portrayed as a very old man, carrying a pot of
                            ointment or a flowering staff or a pair of altar cruets (containing the
                            blood and sweat of Jesus) (White). He may be shown taking the crown of
                            thorns from the dead Christ. At other times he is shown with the shroud
                            and crown of thorns, a thorn tree by him, or a box of spices (Roeder).
                            He is venerated at Glastonbury and patron of grave-diggers and
                            undertakers (Roeder, White).

                            To see William Blake's Joseph of Arimathea among the Rocks of Albion,
                            click http://metalab.unc.edu/wm/paint/auth/blake/arimathea.jpg

                            Icons of St. Joseph of Arimathea
                            http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Joseph.htm



                            Troparion tone 2
                            Noble Joseph took Thine immaculate Body down from the tree,/ wrapped it
                            in a clean shroud and spices,/ and having embalmed It, laid It in a new
                            sepulchre./ But on the third day Thou didst rise, O Lord, granting the
                            world great mercy.


                            Lives kindly supplied by:
                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
                            http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            *****************************************
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