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16 July

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 16 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Helier of Jersey * St. Sinach MacDara * St. Tenenan of Leon
    Message 1 of 13 , Jul 17 2:01 AM
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 16 July

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Helier of Jersey
      * St. Sinach MacDara
      * St. Tenenan of Leon
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Helier of Tongres & Jersey, Martyr
      (also known as Elier, Herlier, Helerous)
      --------------------------------------

      6th century. The town of Saint Helier in Jersey is named after this
      saint, but all that we really know of him comes from a corrupt version
      of a medieval account.

      Helier (in Latin: Helerius) was born in Tongres in Belgium, probably
      between 510 and 520 AD. He probably arrived in Jersey around 535 - 545
      AD. He was martyred in approximately 550-560 AD.

      The Bollandist Fathers published hagiographies of Helier and his
      associates in the 'Acta Sanctorum' published in Antwerp in 1725. The
      Life of St. Helier gives the following information:

      Helier's father was a noble of Tongres, called Sigebert (or Sigebard)
      who married a Swabian woman called Lusegard (or Lusigard). After seven
      years of marriage, however, they had had no children. They were pagans,
      but after all prayers to the idols had failed, they turned to a
      Christian teacher named Cunibert. He agreed to intercede, but made them
      promise that they would dedicate the child to God as a Christian.
      Cunibert's prayers were successful, and Sigebert and Lusegard had a son.

      However, they immediately reverted to their pagan ways, and forgot their
      promise. When the boy was seven years old, though, he fell ill and was
      paralysed. In desperation, Sigebert finally handed his son over to St.
      Cunibert, and the boy was cured. Cunibert renamed him Helier and took
      him into the church and educated him. Helier started performing miracles
      (among them: negotiating with the rabbits that plagued his garden so
      that they could share the vegetables that grew there; curing blindness;
      removing a snake from the mouth of a man who had had the misfortune of
      having it slither in there while he was asleep). Sigebert was furious
      because he wanted his son back, and had grave suspicions of the miracles
      which he ascribed to wizardry, and so he had St. Cunibert killed.

      Helier was heartbroken, and ran away. After much wandering (punctuated
      by more miracles), he was directed by God to go to Nanteuil in the
      Cotentin, and find a holy man called Marculf. Marculf baptized him and
      sent him to an island called Gersut, or Agna (i.e. Jersey). There were
      only about thirty people left on the Island at that time due to regular
      attacks by Viking pirates. Helier found a little rock to live on by an
      Islet out in a bay on the South coast and started life as a hermit,
      attended by a companion called Romard. He was visited by St. Marculf,
      and while Marculf was there, the Vikings arrived on a raid. Marculf and
      Helier prayed and made the sign of the Cross, and God raised a mighty
      storm which destroyed the Vikings and their ships.

      Marculf left Helier alone on his rock, and Helier remained there for
      fifteen years, only eating once a week, until he was so weakened from
      hunger and the rigours of life on his exposed rock that he could barely
      move. Eventually Christ appeared to Helier and told him he was to come
      to Him. Helier said his farewells and prepared himself for martyrdom.
      Three days later, a large number of Vandals arrived in a fleet of ships
      and started to lay waste to the Island. One of the Vandals found St.
      Helier and cut off his head. The Saint picked up his head and walked
      towards the shore. The Vandals ran away in great terror, and the Island
      was saved.

      St. Helier's body was taken to France, and relics were dispersed to
      different churches and monasteries. The Islet and the rock on which
      Helier lived is linked to the mainland of Jersey by a causeway which is
      walkable at low tide, but covered at high tide. The legend is that the
      causeway marks the route walked by St. Helier when he carried his head.
      A small town grew up on the coast and took its name from the saint to
      whom was attributed, together with Saint Marculf, the conversion of
      Jersey to Christianity.

      In the "Shorter Menology of the Cistercian Order", Claude Chalmot
      asserts that "the sacred relics of St. Helier are preserved and honoured
      religiously in the chapel of the Abbey of Beaubec in the Diocese of
      Rouen". Dean Falle supported this, but in recent years it has been
      discovered that the inhabitants of Brйville, in Normandy, have always
      believed that initially Helier's body was carried by the currents from
      Jersey and washed up on to their seashore.

      The body was in a stone coffin, they say, presumably encased in wood to
      make it float, and when it was being carried up from the beach its
      weight became too much for the bearers and they had to let it drop.
      Where it fell, water sprang up, and to this day pilgrimages have been
      made to the Fontaine de St. Helier, the water from which is often used
      to bathe defective eyes.

      It is not just in Jersey that St. Helier is remembered and venerated.
      Churches and chapels can be found dedicated to the saint scattered
      across Normandy, and also in Eastern Brittany.

      The island of Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last
      remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy that held sway in both
      France and England. Today the Bailiwick of Jersey is a British Crown
      dependency headed by a lieutenant-governor appointed directly by the
      Crown, but is part of neither the United Kingdom nor the European Union.

      Troparion of St Helier tone 5
      O glorious Saint Helier,/ thou didst labour for Christ on the Isle of
      Jersey,/ in fasting, vigil and prayer./ Thou didst leave thy rock/ to
      convert pirates when they landed,/ and so obtain the crown of victory./
      O valiant Martyr, we praise God Who has glorified thee.



      St. Sinach MacDara
      ----------------------------
      6th century. The only reference I can find to Sinach is that the
      fisherman traditionally gathered on the island of MacDara for an annual
      Mass. It is still customary to dip sails or make the Sign of Cross when
      passing the island (Montague).


      St. Tenenan (Tininor) of Leon, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------
      Born in Britain; died c. 635. Tenenan was a priest who became a hermit
      in Brittany and later bishop of Leon. He probably died at Ploabennec,
      where he had built a forest hermitage and where his relics were long
      venerated (Benedictines, Farmer).

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
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