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29 March

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 29 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Gwynllyw of Wales * St. Gwladys * St. Eustace of Luxeuil * St.
    Message 1 of 14 , Mar 28, 2013
      Celtic and Old English Saints 29 March

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Gwynllyw of Wales
      * St. Gwladys
      * St. Eustace of Luxeuil
      * St. Lasar
      * St. Rupert of Salzburg
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Gwynllyw of Wales, Hermit
      (Gundleus, Woolo, Woollos)
      ----------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 500. Gundleus (Latin for Gwynllyw, which is anglicised as
      Woolo) was a Welsh chieftain. Although he was the eldest, when his
      father died, Gundleus divided his inheritance among his six brothers.
      According to legend, he desired to marry Gwladys (f.d. today), daughter
      of Saint Brychan of Brecknock (f.d. April 6). When Brychan refused his
      daughter's hand, Gundleus kidnapped and married her. (One aspect of the
      legend has King Arthur helping to defeat the pursuing Brychan and being
      dissuaded from capturing Gwladys for himself by two of his knights.)

      Nevertheless, Gundleus and Gwladys led a riotous life, engaging in
      violence and banditry until their first son, Saint Cadoc (f.d.
      September 25), convinced them to adopt and follow a religious life
      together at Stow Hill near Newport (Gwent), Monmouthshire. Later he had
      them separate and live as hermits.

      Gundleus spent his last years completely retired from the world in a
      solitary little dwelling near a church which he had built. He wore
      sackcloth, ate barley-bread strewn with ashes, and drank water. To
      constant prayer and contemplation he added the work of his hands. On
      his deathbed, Gundleus was visited by Saint Dyfrig (f.d. November 14)
      and his own son Cadoc, who provided him with the Last Rites of the
      Church. There is a church dedicated to him at Newport (Attwater2,
      Benedictines, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth).

      Icon of St. Gwynllyw
      http://www.odox.net/A-gwynll.jpg

      Troparion of St Gladys and St Gwynllyn tone 5
      Rejoice, thrice-blessed Gladys,/ daughter of King Brychan,/ wife of holy
      Gwynllyn and mother of Saint Cadoc./ O worthy Gwynllyn,/ thou didst
      forsake thy pagan warfare to fight as a Christian ascetic/ and didst end
      thy days as a hermit./ We praise you, Gladys and Gwynllyn.


      St. Gwaladys (Gladys, Gladusa, Claudia), Hermit
      ----------------------------------------------------------
      Born in Wales in the 5th century. One of the 24 children of Brychan of
      Brecknock, wife of Saint Gundleus (f.d. today), and
      mother of Saints Cadoc (f.d. September 25) and, possibly, Keyna (f.d.
      October 8), Saint Gladys led a very interesting life. It is said that
      after their conversion by the example and exhortation of their son, she
      and Gundleus lived an austere life. It included the rather interesting
      practice throughout the year of taking a nightly baths in the Usk,
      followed by a mile-long walk unclothed. Her son finally convinced them
      to end the practice and to separate. Gladys moved to Pencanau in
      Bassaleg. The details of her story come from a 12th-century "vita,"
      which includes miracles that took place in the time of Saint Edward the
      Confessor (f.d. October 13) and William I (Attwater2, Benedictines,
      Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth).


      St. Eustace (Eustasius) of Luxeuil, Abbot
      ----------------------------------------------------------
      Died 625. Saint Eustace was a favourite disciple and monk of Saint
      Columbanus (f.d. November 23), whom he succeeded as second abbot of
      Luxeuil in 611. He ruled over about 600 monks. During his abbacy the
      monastery was a veritable seminary for bishops and saints, perhaps
      because of the example he gave by his own humility, continual prayer,
      and fasting (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

      St. Lasar (Lassar, Lassera), Virgin
      ----------------------------------------------------------
      6th century. The Irish nun Saint Lasar (meaning 'Flame') was the niece
      of Saint Forchera. Still very young, she entered religious life under
      the care of SS. Finnian (f.d. December 12) and Ciaran (f.d. September 9)
      at Clonard (Benedictines).


      St. Rupert (Hrodbert, Robert, Rupprecht) of Salzburg, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died in Salzburg, Austria, on March 27, c. 710-720; feast day formerly
      March 27; feast of the translation of his relics is kept
      in Bavaria and Austria on September 25.

      There have been varying opinions as to where Rupert was born and when
      (with variations of 100 years). While more reliable sources make him a
      Frankish nobleman, others, including Colgan insist he was an Irishman
      with the Gaelic name Robertach. From his youth he was renowned for his
      learning, extraordinary virtues, austerity, and charity that sought to
      impoverish himself to enrich the poor. People came from remote provinces
      to receive his advice. He would remove all their doubts and scruples,
      comfort the afflicted, cure the sick, and heal the disorders of souls.
      His virtuous life led to his being consecrated bishop of Worms, Germany,
      from where he began his missionary work in southern Bavaria and Austria.
      (One version says he was expelled by the pagans at Worms, others that he
      was simply a zealous, evangelical Christian.)

      Rupert travelled to Regensburg (Ratisbon) with a small company about
      697, perhaps with credentials from the French King Childebert III, or
      because Duke Theodo of Bavaria had heard of his reputation for miracles
      and invited him. They went to Duke Theodo, whose permission they needed
      to proceed. While Theodo was not a Christian, his sister, Bagintrude,
      is said to have been one. He agreed to listen to their preaching and
      was converted and baptized. Many of the leading men and women of the
      land followed the duke's example and embraced Christianity, which had
      been preached there 200 years earlier by Saint Severinus of Noricum
      (f.d. January 8).

      Instead of knocking down pagan temples, as many missionaries did, Rupert
      preferred to consecrate them as Christian churches. For example, those
      at Regensburg and Altoetting were soon altered for Christian services.
      (It is said that the statue of the Blessed Mother at Altoetting was
      brought there from Ireland by an Irishman named Rupert.) Where there
      was no suitable temple to adapt churches were built, and Regensburg
      became primarily Christian. God confirmed Rupert's preaching by many
      miracles. Soon the missionary work met with such success that many more
      helpers from Franconia were needed to meet the spiritual needs of
      Rupert's converts.

      The group continued down the Danube, converting still more. After
      Ratisbon, the capital, the next seat of his labours was "Laureacum," now
      called Lorch, where he healed several diseases by prayer, and won many
      other souls to Christ. But in neither of these flourishing towns did
      Rupert establish his bishopric. He made the old, fallen-down town of
      Juvavum, given to him by the duke of Bavaria, his headquarters. The
      town was restored and he named it Salzburg (Salt Fortress). There with
      the help of his companions Saints Virgilius (f.d. November 27), Chuniald
      (f.d. September 24), and Gislar (f.d. September 24), Rupert founded
      Saint Peter's church and monastery with a school along the lines of the
      Irish monasteries.

      He made a trip home to gather twelve more recruits. His sister, Saint
      Ermentrudis (f.d. June 30), entered a convent he founded at Nonnberg
      (setting for "The Sound of Music") and became its first abbess. He did
      much to foster the operation of the salt mines. Rupert, the first
      archbishop of Salzburg, is considered to be the Apostle of Bavaria and
      Austria. He died on Easter Day. Thereafter, he became so renowned that
      countries such as Ireland claimed him as a native son and celebrate his
      memory liturgically. The Duchy of Salzburg cast his likeness with that
      of the Saint Virgilius on the coin of the realm called a rubentaler
      (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia,
      Farmer, Gougaud, Husenbeth, Kenney,
      Walsh, White).

      Rupert's emblem in art is a barrel of salt, because of his association
      with the reopening of the salt mines. He may be shown
      holding a basket of eggs; baptizing Duke Theodo(re) of Bavaria; or with
      Saint Virgilius of Salzburg (Farmer, Roeder, White).



      Sources:
      ========

      Attwater, D. (1958). A Dictionary of Saints. New York:
      P. J. Kennedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Encyclopaedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for Early History of Ireland, vol.
      1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      Walsh, M. (ed.). (1985). Butler's Lives of the Saints. San Francisco.
      Harper & Row. Walsh, W. T. (1943).

      White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints. NY: Ivy Books.

      For All the Saints: - new active link
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/saint_a.shtml

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West - new active link
      http://orthodoxengland.org.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
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