Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

3 July

Expand Messages
  • ambrós
    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
    Message 1 of 14 , Jul 1, 2001
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
      * St. Byblig of Wales
      * St. Cillene of Iona
      * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
      * St. Tirechan
      * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
      * St. Guthagon the Irishman
      * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
      (Blade)
      -------------------------------------------------
      Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
      bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


      St. Byblig of Wales
      --------------------------
      (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
      5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
      connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
      nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


      St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
      ----------------------------------
      Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
      elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


      St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
      ------------------------------------------------------
      Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
      Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
      confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

      Farmer states:

      "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
      and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
      Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
      Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
      Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
      other German to explain them."

      Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
      We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
      (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
      an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
      name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
      Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

      He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
      May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
      Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
      magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
      466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
      lifetime of Patrick.

      After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
      martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
      names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
      Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
      in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
      mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
      votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
      (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

      Troparion of St German tone 2
      Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
      Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
      Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
      Christ to save our souls.


      St. Tirechan
      ------------------------------------------------------------
      7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
      Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
      Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
      who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
      became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
      Irish patron's death.

      The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
      with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
      d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
      year 807.

      Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
      Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
      details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
      O'Hanlon, Ryan).


      St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
      --------------------------------
      Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
      to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
      mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
      lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
      known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
      Wile Rivers.

      Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
      of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
      saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
      water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
      Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

      During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
      of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
      translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
      Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
      many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


      St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
      -----------------------------
      8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
      been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
      Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
      His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
      the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
      1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
      (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


      St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
      -----------------------------------------
      (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
      Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
      became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
      and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
      of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
      the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
      and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
      (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
      missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
      also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


      Sources:
      ========

      Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
      Edinburgh: John Grant.

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

      Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

      O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

      Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
      Regnery.

      For All the Saints:
      http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

      Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
      http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/celtic.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • ambrós
      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
      Message 2 of 14 , Jul 1, 2002
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
        * St. Byblig of Wales
        * St. Cillene of Iona
        * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
        * St. Tirechan
        * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
        * St. Guthagon the Irishman
        * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
        (Blade)
        -------------------------------------------------
        Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
        bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


        St. Byblig of Wales
        --------------------------
        (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
        5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
        connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
        nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


        St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
        ----------------------------------
        Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
        elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


        St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
        ------------------------------------------------------
        Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
        Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
        confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

        Farmer states:

        "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
        and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
        Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
        Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
        Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
        other German to explain them."

        Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
        We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
        (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
        an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
        name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
        Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

        He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
        May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
        Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
        magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
        466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
        lifetime of Patrick.

        After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
        martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
        names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
        Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
        in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
        mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
        votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
        (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

        Troparion of St German tone 2
        Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
        Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
        Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
        Christ to save our souls.


        St. Tirechan
        ------------------------------------------------------------
        7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
        Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
        Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
        who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
        became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
        Irish patron's death.

        The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
        with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
        d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
        year 807.

        Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
        Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
        details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
        O'Hanlon, Ryan).


        St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
        --------------------------------
        Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
        to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
        mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
        lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
        known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
        Wile Rivers.

        Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
        of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
        saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
        water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
        Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

        During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
        of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
        translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
        Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
        many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

        The Life of St Gurthiern,
        Celtic Christianity e-library
        University of Wales, Lampeter
        http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



        St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
        -----------------------------
        8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
        been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
        Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
        His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
        the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
        1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
        (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


        St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
        -----------------------------------------
        (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
        Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
        became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
        and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
        of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
        the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
        and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
        (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
        missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
        also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


        Sources:
        ========

        Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
        Edinburgh: John Grant.

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
        lives of the saints.]

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
        London: Virtue & Co.

        Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

        Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

        O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

        Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
        Regnery.

        For All the Saints:
        http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

        Celtic Orthodox Christianity Home Page
        http://www.orthodoxireland.com/celtic.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
      • ambrós
        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
        Message 3 of 14 , Jul 2, 2003
        • 0 Attachment
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
          * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
          * St. Byblig of Wales
          * St. Cillene of Iona
          * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
          * St. Tirechan
          * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
          * St. Guthagon the Irishman
          * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


          St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
          (Blade)
          -------------------------------------------------
          Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
          bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


          St. Byblig of Wales
          --------------------------
          (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
          5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
          connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
          nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


          St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
          ----------------------------------
          Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
          elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


          St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
          ------------------------------------------------------
          Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
          Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
          confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

          Farmer states:

          "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
          and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
          Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
          Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
          Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
          other German to explain them."

          Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
          We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
          (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
          an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
          name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
          Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

          He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
          May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
          Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
          magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
          466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
          lifetime of Patrick.

          After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
          martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
          names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
          Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
          in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
          mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
          votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
          (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

          Troparion of St German tone 2
          Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
          Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
          Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
          Christ to save our souls.


          St. Tirechan
          ------------------------------------------------------------
          7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
          Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
          Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
          who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
          became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
          Irish patron's death.

          The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
          with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
          d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
          year 807.

          Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
          Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
          details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
          O'Hanlon, Ryan).


          St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
          --------------------------------
          Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
          to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
          mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
          lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
          known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
          Wile Rivers.

          Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
          of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
          saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
          water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
          Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

          During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
          of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
          translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
          Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
          many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

          The Life of St Gurthiern,
          Celtic Christianity e-library
          University of Wales, Lampeter
          http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



          St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
          -----------------------------
          8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
          been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
          Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
          His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
          the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
          1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
          (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


          St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
          -----------------------------------------
          (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
          Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
          became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
          and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
          of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
          the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
          and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
          (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
          missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
          also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


          Sources:
          ========

          Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
          Edinburgh: John Grant.

          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
          Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
          useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
          provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
          lives of the saints.]

          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
          London: Virtue & Co.

          Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

          Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

          O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

          Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
          Regnery.

          For All the Saints:
          http://users.erols.com/saintpat/ss/ss-index.htm

          Orthodox Ireland Saints
          http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

          These Lives are archived at:
          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
          *****************************************
        • emrys@globe.net.nz
          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
          Message 4 of 14 , Jul 1, 2004
          • 0 Attachment
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
            * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
            * St. Byblig of Wales
            * St. Cillene of Iona
            * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
            * St. Tirechan
            * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
            * St. Guthagon the Irishman
            * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


            St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
            (Blade)
            -------------------------------------------------
            Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
            bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


            St. Byblig of Wales
            --------------------------
            (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
            5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
            connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
            nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


            St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
            ----------------------------------
            Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
            elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


            St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
            ------------------------------------------------------
            Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
            Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
            confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

            Farmer states:

            "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
            and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
            Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
            Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
            Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
            other German to explain them."

            Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
            We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
            (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
            an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
            name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
            Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

            He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
            May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
            Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
            magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
            466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
            lifetime of Patrick.

            After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
            martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
            names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
            Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
            in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
            mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
            votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
            (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

            Troparion of St German tone 2
            Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
            Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
            Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
            Christ to save our souls.


            St. Tirechan
            ------------------------------------------------------------
            7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
            Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
            Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
            who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
            became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
            Irish patron's death.

            The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
            with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
            d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
            year 807.

            Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
            Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
            details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
            O'Hanlon, Ryan).


            St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
            --------------------------------
            Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
            to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
            mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
            lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
            known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
            Wile Rivers.

            Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
            of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
            saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
            water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
            Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

            During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
            of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
            translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
            Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
            many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

            The Life of St Gurthiern,
            Celtic Christianity e-library
            University of Wales, Lampeter
            http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



            St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
            -----------------------------
            8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
            been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
            Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
            His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
            the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
            1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
            (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


            St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
            -----------------------------------------
            (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
            Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
            became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
            and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
            of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
            the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
            and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
            (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
            missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
            also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


            Sources:
            ========

            Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
            Edinburgh: John Grant.

            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

            D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
            Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
            useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
            provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
            lives of the saints.]

            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
            London: Virtue & Co.

            Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

            Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

            O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

            Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
            Regnery.

            For All the Saints:
            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

            Orthodox Ireland Saints
            http://www.orthodoxireland.com/saints/

            These Lives are archived at:
            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
            *****************************************
          • emrys@globe.net.nz
            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
            Message 5 of 14 , Jul 2, 2005
            • 0 Attachment
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
              * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
              * St. Byblig of Wales
              * St. Cillene of Iona
              * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
              * St. Tirechan
              * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
              * St. Guthagon the Irishman
              * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


              St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
              (Blade)
              -------------------------------------------------
              Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
              bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


              St. Byblig of Wales
              --------------------------
              (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
              5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
              connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
              nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


              St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
              ----------------------------------
              Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
              elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


              St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
              ------------------------------------------------------
              Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
              Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
              confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

              Farmer states:

              "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
              and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
              Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
              Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
              Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
              other German to explain them."

              Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
              We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
              (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
              an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
              name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
              Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

              He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
              May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
              Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
              magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
              466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
              lifetime of Patrick.

              After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
              martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
              names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
              Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
              in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
              mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
              votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
              (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

              Troparion of St German tone 2
              Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
              Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
              Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
              Christ to save our souls.


              St. Tirechan
              ------------------------------------------------------------
              7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
              Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
              Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
              who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
              became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
              Irish patron's death.

              The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
              with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
              d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
              year 807.

              Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
              Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
              details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
              O'Hanlon, Ryan).


              St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
              --------------------------------
              Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
              to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
              mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
              lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
              known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
              Wile Rivers.

              Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
              of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
              saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
              water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
              Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

              During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
              of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
              translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
              Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
              many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

              The Life of St Gurthiern,
              Celtic Christianity e-library
              University of Wales, Lampeter
              http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



              St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
              -----------------------------
              8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
              been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
              Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
              His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
              the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
              1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
              (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


              St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
              -----------------------------------------
              (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
              Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
              became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
              and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
              of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
              the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
              and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
              (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
              missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
              also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


              Sources:
              ========

              Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
              Edinburgh: John Grant.

              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

              D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
              Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
              useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
              provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
              lives of the saints.]

              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

              Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
              Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
              London: Virtue & Co.

              Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

              Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

              O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

              Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

              Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
              Regnery.

              For All the Saints:
              http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

              These Lives are archived at:
              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
              *****************************************
            • emrys@globe.net.nz
              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
              Message 6 of 14 , Jul 2, 2006
              • 0 Attachment
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                * St. Byblig of Wales
                * St. Cillene of Iona
                * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                * St. Tirechan
                * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                (Blade)
                -------------------------------------------------
                Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                St. Byblig of Wales
                --------------------------
                (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                ----------------------------------
                Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                ------------------------------------------------------
                Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                Farmer states:

                "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                other German to explain them."

                Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                lifetime of Patrick.

                After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                Troparion of St German tone 2
                Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                Christ to save our souls.


                St. Tirechan
                ------------------------------------------------------------
                7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                Irish patron's death.

                The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                year 807.

                Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                --------------------------------
                Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                Wile Rivers.

                Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                The Life of St Gurthiern,
                Celtic Christianity e-library
                University of Wales, Lampeter
                http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                -----------------------------
                8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                -----------------------------------------
                (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                Sources:
                ========

                Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                Edinburgh: John Grant.

                Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                lives of the saints.]

                Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                London: Virtue & Co.

                Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                Regnery.

                For All the Saints:
                http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                These Lives are archived at:
                http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                *****************************************
              • emrys@globe.net.nz
                Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                Message 7 of 14 , Jul 2, 2007
                • 0 Attachment
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                  * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                  * St. Byblig of Wales
                  * St. Cillene of Iona
                  * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                  * St. Tirechan
                  * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                  * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                  * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                  =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                  St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                  (Blade)
                  -------------------------------------------------
                  Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                  bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                  St. Byblig of Wales
                  --------------------------
                  (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                  5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                  connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                  nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                  St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                  ----------------------------------
                  Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                  elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                  St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                  ------------------------------------------------------
                  Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                  Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                  confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                  Farmer states:

                  "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                  and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                  Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                  Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                  Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                  other German to explain them."

                  Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                  We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                  (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                  an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                  name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                  Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                  He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                  May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                  Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                  magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                  466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                  lifetime of Patrick.

                  After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                  martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                  names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                  Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                  in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                  mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                  votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                  (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                  Troparion of St German tone 2
                  Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                  Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                  Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                  Christ to save our souls.


                  St. Tirechan
                  ------------------------------------------------------------
                  7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                  Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                  Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                  who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                  became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                  Irish patron's death.

                  The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                  with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                  d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                  year 807.

                  Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                  Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                  details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                  O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                  St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                  --------------------------------
                  Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                  to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                  mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                  lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                  known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                  Wile Rivers.

                  Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                  of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                  saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                  water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                  Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                  During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                  of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                  translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                  Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                  many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                  The Life of St Gurthiern,
                  Celtic Christianity e-library
                  University of Wales, Lampeter
                  http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                  St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                  -----------------------------
                  8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                  been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                  Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                  His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                  the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                  1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                  (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                  St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                  -----------------------------------------
                  (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                  Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                  became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                  and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                  of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                  the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                  and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                  (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                  missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                  also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                  Sources:
                  ========

                  Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                  Edinburgh: John Grant.

                  Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                  (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                  D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                  Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                  useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                  provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                  lives of the saints.]

                  Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                  Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                  Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                  Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                  London: Virtue & Co.

                  Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                  Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                  O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                  Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                  Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                  Regnery.

                  For All the Saints:
                  http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                  These Lives are archived at:
                  http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                  *****************************************
                • emrys@globe.net.nz
                  Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                  Message 8 of 14 , Jul 2, 2008
                  • 0 Attachment
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                    * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                    * St. Byblig of Wales
                    * St. Cillene of Iona
                    * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                    * St. Tirechan
                    * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                    * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                    * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                    =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                    St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                    (Blade)
                    -------------------------------------------------
                    Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                    bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                    St. Byblig of Wales
                    --------------------------
                    (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                    5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                    connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                    nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                    St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                    ----------------------------------
                    Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                    elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                    St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                    ------------------------------------------------------
                    Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                    Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                    confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                    Farmer states:

                    "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                    and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                    Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                    Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                    Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                    other German to explain them."

                    Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                    We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                    (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                    an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                    name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                    Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                    He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                    May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                    Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                    magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                    466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                    lifetime of Patrick.

                    After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                    martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                    names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                    Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                    in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                    mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                    votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                    (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                    Troparion of St German tone 2
                    Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                    Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                    Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                    Christ to save our souls.


                    St. Tirechan
                    ------------------------------------------------------------
                    7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                    Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                    Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                    who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                    became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                    Irish patron's death.

                    The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                    with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                    d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                    year 807.

                    Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                    Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                    details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                    O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                    St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                    --------------------------------
                    Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                    to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                    mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                    lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                    known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                    Wile Rivers.

                    Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                    of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                    saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                    water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                    Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                    During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                    of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                    translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                    Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                    many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                    The Life of St Gurthiern,
                    Celtic Christianity e-library
                    University of Wales, Lampeter
                    http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                    St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                    -----------------------------
                    8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                    been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                    Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                    His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                    the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                    1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                    (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                    St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                    -----------------------------------------
                    (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                    Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                    became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                    and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                    of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                    the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                    and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                    (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                    missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                    also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                    Sources:
                    ========

                    Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                    Edinburgh: John Grant.

                    Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                    (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                    D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                    Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                    useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                    provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                    lives of the saints.]

                    Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                    Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                    Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                    Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                    London: Virtue & Co.

                    Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                    Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                    O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                    Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                    Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                    Regnery.

                    For All the Saints:
                    http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                    These Lives are archived at:
                    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                    *****************************************
                  • emrys@globe.net.nz
                    Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                    Message 9 of 14 , Jul 2, 2009
                    • 0 Attachment
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                      * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                      * St. Byblig of Wales
                      * St. Cillene of Iona
                      * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                      * St. Tirechan
                      * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                      * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                      * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                      St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                      (Blade)
                      -------------------------------------------------
                      Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                      bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                      St. Byblig of Wales
                      --------------------------
                      (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                      5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                      connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                      nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                      St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                      ----------------------------------
                      Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                      elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                      St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                      ------------------------------------------------------
                      Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                      Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                      confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                      Farmer states:

                      "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                      and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                      Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                      Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                      Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                      other German to explain them."

                      Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                      We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                      (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                      an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                      name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                      Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                      He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                      May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                      Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                      magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                      466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                      lifetime of Patrick.

                      After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                      martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                      names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                      Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                      in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                      mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                      votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                      (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                      Troparion of St German tone 2
                      Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                      Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                      Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                      Christ to save our souls.


                      St. Tirechan
                      ------------------------------------------------------------
                      7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                      Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                      Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                      who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                      became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                      Irish patron's death.

                      The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                      with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                      d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                      year 807.

                      Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                      Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                      details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                      O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                      St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                      --------------------------------
                      Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                      to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                      mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                      lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                      known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                      Wile Rivers.

                      Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                      of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                      saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                      water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                      Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                      During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                      of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                      translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                      Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                      many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                      The Life of St Gurthiern,
                      Celtic Christianity e-library
                      University of Wales, Lampeter
                      http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                      St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                      -----------------------------
                      8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                      been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                      Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                      His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                      the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                      1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                      (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                      St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                      -----------------------------------------
                      (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                      Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                      became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                      and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                      of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                      the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                      and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                      (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                      missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                      also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                      Sources:
                      ========

                      Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                      Edinburgh: John Grant.

                      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                      lives of the saints.]

                      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                      London: Virtue & Co.

                      Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                      Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                      O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                      Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                      Regnery.

                      For All the Saints:
                      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                      These Lives are archived at:
                      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                      *****************************************
                    • emrys@globe.net.nz
                      Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                      Message 10 of 14 , Jul 3, 2010
                      • 0 Attachment
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                        * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                        * St. Byblig of Wales
                        * St. Cillene of Iona
                        * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                        * St. Tirechan
                        * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                        * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                        * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                        St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                        (Blade)
                        -------------------------------------------------
                        Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                        bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                        St. Byblig of Wales
                        --------------------------
                        (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                        5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                        connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                        nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                        St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                        ----------------------------------
                        Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                        elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                        St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                        ------------------------------------------------------
                        Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                        Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                        confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                        Farmer states:

                        "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                        and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                        Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                        Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                        Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                        other German to explain them."

                        Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                        We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                        (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                        an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                        name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                        Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                        He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                        May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                        Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                        magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                        466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                        lifetime of Patrick.

                        After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                        martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                        names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                        Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                        in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                        mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                        votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                        (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                        Troparion of St German tone 2
                        Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                        Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                        Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                        Christ to save our souls.


                        St. Tirechan
                        ------------------------------------------------------------
                        7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                        Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                        Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                        who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                        became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                        Irish patron's death.

                        The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                        with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                        d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                        year 807.

                        Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                        Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                        details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                        O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                        St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                        --------------------------------
                        Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                        to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                        mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                        lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                        known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                        Wile Rivers.

                        Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                        of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                        saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                        water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                        Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                        During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                        of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                        translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                        Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                        many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                        The Life of St Gurthiern,
                        Celtic Christianity e-library
                        University of Wales, Lampeter
                        http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                        St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                        -----------------------------
                        8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                        been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                        Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                        His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                        the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                        1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                        (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                        St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                        -----------------------------------------
                        (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                        Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                        became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                        and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                        of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                        the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                        and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                        (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                        missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                        also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                        Sources:
                        ========

                        Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                        Edinburgh: John Grant.

                        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                        lives of the saints.]

                        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                        Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                        Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                        London: Virtue & Co.

                        Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                        Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                        O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                        Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                        Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                        Regnery.

                        For All the Saints:
                        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                        These Lives are archived at:
                        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                        *****************************************
                      • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                        Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                        Message 11 of 14 , Jul 2, 2011
                        • 0 Attachment
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                          * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                          * St. Byblig of Wales
                          * St. Cillene of Iona
                          * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                          * St. Tirechan
                          * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                          * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                          * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                          =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                          St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                          (Blade)
                          -------------------------------------------------
                          Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                          bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                          St. Byblig of Wales
                          --------------------------
                          (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                          5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                          connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                          nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                          St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                          ----------------------------------
                          Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                          elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                          St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                          ------------------------------------------------------
                          Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                          Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                          confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                          Farmer states:

                          "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                          and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                          Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                          Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                          Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                          other German to explain them."

                          Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                          We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                          (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                          an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                          name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                          Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                          He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                          May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                          Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                          magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                          466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                          lifetime of Patrick.

                          After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                          martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                          names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                          Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                          in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                          mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                          votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                          (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                          Troparion of St German tone 2
                          Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                          Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                          Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                          Christ to save our souls.


                          St. Tirechan
                          ------------------------------------------------------------
                          7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                          Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                          Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                          who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                          became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                          Irish patron's death.

                          The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                          with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                          d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                          year 807.

                          Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                          Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                          details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                          O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                          St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                          --------------------------------
                          Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                          to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                          mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                          lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                          known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                          Wile Rivers.

                          Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                          of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                          saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                          water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                          Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                          During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                          of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                          translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                          Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                          many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                          The Life of St Gurthiern,
                          Celtic Christianity e-library
                          University of Wales, Lampeter
                          http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                          St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                          -----------------------------
                          8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                          been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                          Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                          His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                          the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                          1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                          (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                          St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                          -----------------------------------------
                          (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                          Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                          became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                          and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                          of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                          the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                          and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                          (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                          missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                          also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                          Sources:
                          ========

                          Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                          Edinburgh: John Grant.

                          Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                          (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                          D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                          Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                          useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                          provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                          lives of the saints.]

                          Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                          Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                          Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                          Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                          London: Virtue & Co.

                          Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                          Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                          O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                          Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                          Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                          Regnery.

                          For All the Saints:
                          http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                          These Lives are archived at:
                          http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                          *****************************************
                        • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                          Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                          Message 12 of 14 , Jul 2, 2012
                          • 0 Attachment
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                            * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                            * St. Byblig of Wales
                            * St. Cillene of Iona
                            * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                            * St. Tirechan
                            * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                            * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                            * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                            =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                            St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                            (Blade)
                            -------------------------------------------------
                            Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                            bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                            St. Byblig of Wales
                            --------------------------
                            (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                            5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                            connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                            nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                            St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                            ----------------------------------
                            Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                            elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                            St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                            ------------------------------------------------------
                            Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                            Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                            confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                            Farmer states:

                            "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                            and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                            Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                            Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                            Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                            other German to explain them."

                            Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                            We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                            (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                            an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                            name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                            Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                            He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                            May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                            Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                            magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                            466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                            lifetime of Patrick.

                            After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                            martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                            names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                            Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                            in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                            mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                            votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                            (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                            Troparion of St German tone 2
                            Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                            Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                            Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                            Christ to save our souls.


                            St. Tirechan
                            ------------------------------------------------------------
                            7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                            Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                            Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                            who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                            became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                            Irish patron's death.

                            The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                            with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                            d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                            year 807.

                            Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                            Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                            details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                            O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                            St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                            --------------------------------
                            Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                            to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                            mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                            lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                            known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                            Wile Rivers.

                            Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                            of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                            saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                            water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                            Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                            During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                            of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                            translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                            Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                            many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                            The Life of St Gurthiern,
                            Celtic Christianity e-library
                            University of Wales, Lampeter
                            http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                            St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                            -----------------------------
                            8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                            been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                            Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                            His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                            the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                            1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                            (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                            St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                            -----------------------------------------
                            (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                            Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                            became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                            and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                            of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                            the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                            and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                            (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                            missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                            also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                            Sources:
                            ========

                            Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                            Edinburgh: John Grant.

                            Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                            (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                            D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                            Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                            useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                            provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                            lives of the saints.]

                            Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                            Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                            Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                            Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                            London: Virtue & Co.

                            Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                            Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                            O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                            Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                            Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                            Regnery.

                            For All the Saints:
                            http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

                            These Lives are archived at:
                            http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                            *****************************************
                          • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
                            Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man * St. Byblig of Wales * St. Cillene of
                            Message 13 of 14 , Jul 3, 2013
                            • 0 Attachment
                              Celtic and Old English Saints 3 July

                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
                              * St. Bladus of the Isle of Man
                              * St. Byblig of Wales
                              * St. Cillene of Iona
                              * St. Germanus of the Isle of Man
                              * St. Tirechan
                              * St. Gunthiern of Wales and Brittany
                              * St. Guthagon the Irishman
                              * St. Rumold of Dublin & Malines
                              =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


                              St. Bladus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                              (Blade)
                              -------------------------------------------------
                              Date unknown. According to tradition, Saint Bladus was one of the early
                              bishops of the Isle of Man (Benedictines).


                              St. Byblig of Wales
                              --------------------------
                              (also known as Biblig, Peblig, Piblig, Publicius)
                              5th century (?). Although Saint Byblig was obviously a holy man
                              connected with Carnarvon and honoured with much veneration in Wales,
                              nothing is known about his life (Benedictines).


                              St. Cillene of Iona, Abbot
                              ----------------------------------
                              Died c. 752. The Irish Saint Cillene migrated to Iona, where he was
                              elected abbot in 726 (Benedictines).


                              St. Germanus of the Isle of Man, Bishop
                              ------------------------------------------------------
                              Born c. 410; died in Normandy, c. 474; today is his feast on the Isle of
                              Man; in Wales it is kept on July 31 or October 1 (because of the
                              confusion with another Germanus whose feast was on that day).

                              Farmer states:

                              "The presence of a number of dedications in North Wales
                              and Cornwall, sometimes wrongly attributed to Germanus of
                              Auxerre, together with references to German in Lives of
                              Celtic saints which are chronologically impossible for
                              Germanus, has led Celtic scholars to seek at least one
                              other German to explain them."

                              Tradition tells us that Saint Germanus was a nephew of Saint Patrick.
                              We are also told that when Saint Germanus of Auxerre
                              (f.d. July 31) visited Britain in 448 AD to refute the Pelagians, he met
                              an Irish colonist whose son became his disciple and chose his master's
                              name for himself. Baring-Gould reports that Germanus of Man was born in
                              Brittany and went to Ireland to work with Saint Patrick.

                              He was a missionary monk in Ireland, in Wales under Saints Brioc (f.d.
                              May 1) and Illtyd (f.d. November 6), and Brittany. Germanus left
                              Brittany to meet Patrick in Britain about 462. There he engaged in a
                              magic contest with Gwrtheyrn. After that he returned to Ireland (c.
                              466) eventually to become the bishop of the Isle of Man during the
                              lifetime of Patrick.

                              After evangelising in Wales, his name is traced in Spain and Gaul. His
                              martyrdom is recorded in Normandy. His memory is preserved in place
                              names, such as Jarman and Gremain, in areas such as Caernavonshire,
                              Denbighshire, Montgomeryshire, and Radnorshire. His name is also found
                              in the Acts of Kieran and those of other early Irish saints. Leland
                              mentions a pilgrimage to Garmon ("Armon") at Llanarmon yn Ial, where
                              votive offerings were made to a statue in sacerdotal vestments
                              (Baring-Gould, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Farmer, Leland, Moran).

                              Troparion of St German tone 2
                              Nephew of Patrick and missionary in Ireland,/ thou didst spread the
                              Faith in many lands./ From Wales to Brittany, and thence to the Isle of
                              Man,/ thou didst glorify Christ wherever thou didst tread./ Pray to
                              Christ to save our souls.


                              St. Tirechan
                              ------------------------------------------------------------
                              7th century. About 670-700 AD, Saint Tirechan wrote a memoir of Saint
                              Patrick, known as the "Breviarium." which is preserved in the "Book of
                              Armagh." He was a priest in Meath and disciple of Ultan of Ardbraccan,
                              who gave Tirechan his notes on Patrick. Using these notes, Tirechan
                              became one of Patrick's first biographers about a century after the
                              Irish patron's death.

                              The oldest extant hagiographical text to bring St. Patrick into contact
                              with Mag Slecht is Tirechan's Breviarium written between 668 and 701 a.
                              d. and entered in the Book of Armagh by the scribe Ferdomnach about the
                              year 807.

                              Tirechan records that Patrick travelled to Gaul (especially Auxerre and
                              Lerins), Italy, and the Tyrrhenian Sea. His work also includes valuable
                              details about Ireland during his own life (Binchy, D'Arcy, Needham,
                              O'Hanlon, Ryan).


                              St. Gunthiern, Prince of Wales, Hermit in Brittany
                              --------------------------------
                              Died c. 500. Gunthiern, a Welsh prince, left his homeland in his youth
                              to become a hermit in Brittany (Armorica). On the Isle of Groie near the
                              mouth of the Blavet, he was given land for a monastery by the local
                              lord, Grallon, who was impressed by Gunthiern's holiness. The abbey is
                              known as Kemperle, which indicates its location between the Isol and
                              Wile Rivers.

                              Once a swarm of insects threatened to devour the crops. Count Guerech I
                              of Vannes, dreading a famine, sent three dignitaries to request the
                              saint's intercession to turn away the scourge. Gunthiern blessed some
                              water and told them to sprinkle it over the fields. When they followed
                              Gunthiern's instructions the insects were destroyed.

                              During the Norman invasions, Gunthiern's body was concealed in the isle
                              of Groie. When it was discovered in the eleventh century, it was
                              translated to the monastery of Kemperle, which now belongs to the
                              Benedictine Order. Saint Gunthiern is patron of this abbey as well as of
                              many other churches and chapels in Brittany (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

                              The Life of St Gurthiern,
                              Celtic Christianity e-library
                              University of Wales, Lampeter
                              http://www.lamp.ac.uk/celtic/Gurthiern.htm



                              St. Guthagon the Irishman, Hermit in Belgium
                              -----------------------------
                              8th century. Like so many other Irish saints, Guthagon is said to have
                              been born of royal blood. Forsaking the world, he crossed over into
                              Belgium, where he became a recluse at Oostkerk near Bruges in Flanders.
                              His sanctity was confirmed by numerous miracles worked by God following
                              the saints death. Guthagon's shrine and chapel are venerated. On July 3,
                              1059, Bishop Gerard of Tournai translated Guthagon's relics
                              (Benedictines, Husenbeth).


                              St. Rumold(us), Bishop Martyr
                              -----------------------------------------
                              (also known as Rombauld, Rumbold, Rombaut)
                              Died c. 775; feast day formerly June 24. Rumold, an Anglo-Saxon monk,
                              became a regionary bishop and worked under Saint Willibrord in Holland
                              and Brabant. He was martyred near Malines, where he is now the titular
                              of the cathedral and his relics rest in an elaborate golden shrine over
                              the high altar. His feast is still a major event. The Roman martyrology
                              and later legends say that he was of Irish descent and bishop of Dublin
                              (Benedictines, Montague). In art, Saint Rumbold is a bishop with a
                              missioner's cross, a bearded man with a hoe lying under his feet. He may
                              also be shown murdered near a coffer of money (Roeder).


                              Sources:
                              ========

                              Baring-Gould, S. (1914). Lives of the Saints.
                              Edinburgh: John Grant.

                              Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
                              (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

                              D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
                              Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
                              useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
                              provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
                              lives of the saints.]

                              Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
                              Oxford: Oxford University Press.

                              Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
                              Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
                              London: Virtue & Co.

                              Moran, P. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britian.

                              Needham, K. (1963). Life of Saint Patrick. Saint Patrick Fathers.

                              O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

                              Ryan, J. (1931). Irish Monasticism. Dublin: Talbot Press.

                              Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry
                              Regnery.

                              These Lives are archived at:
                              http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
                              *****************************************
                            Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.