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20 March #3

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 20 March =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne * St. Herbert of Derwent Water * St.
    Message 1 of 10 , Mar 21, 2013
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 20 March

      * St. Cuthbert of Lindisfarne
      * St. Herbert of Derwent Water
      * St. Martin of Braga
      * St. Clement of the Paris Schools

      St. Herbert, Priest-Hermit of Derwent Water, England
      Died March 20, 687. Saint Herbert was the priestly disciple and good
      friend of Saint Cuthbert (f.d. today). He lived alone on theisland on
      Lake Derwentwater, later called Saint Herbert's. Each year Herbert
      would visit Saint Cuthbert at Lindisfarne. In 686, the year before
      Saint Cuthbert died, he travelled to Carlisle, and Herbert visited him
      there instead.

      Saint Cuthbert told Herbert on this visit that if he had anything to ask
      he must do so at this time because he foresaw that he would die and the
      Herbert would not see him again in this world. Herbert wept and begged
      him not to abandon him, but to pray that since they had served God
      together in the world, they be taken at the same time. Saint Cuthbert
      prayed for a moment and then predicted that this would be so. Soon
      afterward Herbert fell ill and his illness lasted until March 20 of the
      following year, when both saints died.

      Ruins of a circular stone building on St. Herbert's Isle there may be
      connected with him (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines,
      Encyclopaedia, Farmer, White).

      St. Martin of Braga, Bishop
      Born in Pannonia (Hungary) c. 515; died at Braga, Spain, 580. While
      Martin's origin and early history are uncertain, he was known as a
      zealous missionary, who evangelized Spain. Around 550, Saint Martin
      introduced communal monasticism to Galicia (northwestern part of the
      Iberian peninsula) which he may have learned as a monk in Palestine.
      His principal foundation was the abbey of "Dumium" (Mondonedo) of which
      he became bishop before his appointment to the see of Braga. He also
      travelled widely to evangelize the pagans and Arian Suevians (converting
      their king). Fortunatus compared
      the bishop of Braga, who was a writer of some importance, with his
      patron, Saint Martin of Tours (f.d. November 11). His extant works
      include a sermon which gives interesting particulars about the rural
      superstitions he encountered (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines,

      St. Clement of the Paris Schools
      Died 826. A monk of Saint Gall, Switzerland, possibly Notker Balbulus
      (f.d. April 6), reports that Irish Saint Clement came with Albinus to
      France and announced in the market that they had learning for sale at a
      time when classical learning was all but forgotten in the West. Their
      price: food and shelter--and pupils. Upon hearing this, Emperor
      Charlemagne, who held "the Irish in special esteem" (according to
      Einhard), engaged their services. Albinus was sent to Pavia to head the
      monastery of Saint Augustine, while he established Clement in his Paris
      School. There Clement became one of the most famous scholars of the
      Carolingian court. He succeeded Blessed Alcuin (f.d. May 19) as the
      head of the Paris Schools when the latter retired to the monastery at
      Tours. Among those influenced by him was the future emperor, Lothair,
      who was noted for his interest in the schools of Italy (D'Arcy, Gougaud,
      Fitzpatrick, Kenney, Montague, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).

      ICONS of Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne


      Attwater, D. (1983). The penguin dictionary of saints, NY:
      Penguin Books.

      Attwater, D. (1958). A dictionary of saints. New York:
      P. J. Kenedy & Sons. [Attwater 2]

      Bede. "De Vita et Miraculis S. Cudberti", c. 5; 9, 10; 17, 19,
      20. (Pat. Ecc. Ang. Bede, IV.) in H. Waddell (tr.), Beasts
      and Saints. NY: Henry Holt and Co., 1934.

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      Benedictine Monks of Saint Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1966). The Book of Saints. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell.

      Bentley, J. (1986). A Calendar of Saints: The Lives of the
      Principal Saints of the Christian Year, NY: Facts on File.

      Colgrave, B. (tr.). (1940). Two Lives of Saint Cuthbert.

      Colgrave, H. (1955). Saint Cuthbert of Durham.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The saints of Ireland. Saint Paul,
      Minnesota: Irish American Cultural Institute.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Encyclopedia of Catholic Saints, March. (1966).
      Philadelphia: Chilton Books.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Fitzpatrick, B. (1922). Ireland and the Making of Britain. New
      York: Funk and Wagnalls.

      Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the foundations of Europe.
      New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

      Gill, F. C. (1958). The glorious Company: Lives of Great
      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
      Epworth Press.

      Gougaud, Dom L. (1923). Gaelic Pioneers of Christianity,
      V. Collins (tr.). Dublin: Gill & Sons.

      Husenbeth, Rev. F. C., DD, VG (ed.). (1928). Butler's
      Lives of the Fathers, Martyrs, and Other Principal Saints.
      London: Virtue & Co.

      Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for early history of Ireland, vol.
      1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

      Montague, H. P. (1981). The Saints and Martyrs of Ireland.
      Guildford: Billing & Sons.

      Montalembert. (1863). Monks of the West. Paris.

      Moran, Cardinal. (1879). Irish Saints in Great Britain.
      Dublin: Brown and Nolan.

      O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

      Roeder, H. (1956). Saints and Their Attributes, Chicago: Henry

      Skene, W. F. (1875-80). Celtic Scotland, 3 vols. Edinburgh.

      Tabor, M. E. (1908). The Saints in Art with Their Attributes
      and Symbols Alphabetically Arranged. London: Methuen & Co.

      Tommasini, Fra A. (1937). Irish Saints in Italy. London:
      Sands and Company.

      Webb, J. F. (1983). The Age of Bede.

      White, K. E. (1992). Guide to the Saints, NY: Ivy Books.

      These Lives are archived at:
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