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10 February

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 10 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Caedmon, Father of English Poetry * St. Trumwin of
    Message 1 of 14 , Feb 9 4:44 PM
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 10 February

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Caedmon, Father of English Poetry
      * St. Trumwin of Abercorn
      * St. Merwinna of Romsey
      * St. Erluph of Werden
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Caedmon
      ---------------------------------------------------------
      Died 670. Saint Bede (f.d. May 25) recorded the life of Caedmon, the
      cowherd of Whitby Abbey, who though rough and untutored, by God's power,
      in his later years broke into song and became the father of English
      poetry. Some say he was quite old when he first exercised his gift. The
      legend is that for years he was so ashamed of his inability, on account
      of his shyness, to take his turn in singing on festive occasions that he
      would steal away and hide himself. 'Wherefore, being sometimes at
      feasts, when all agreed for glee's sake to sing in turn, he no sooner
      saw the harp come towards him than he rose from the board and turned
      homewards.'

      One night, however, when he had left the feast and had taken refuge in
      the stable, he heard a voice saying: 'Sing, Caedmon. Sing some song to
      Me.' Caedmon stammered in reply: 'I cannot sing.' 'But you shall sing,'
      replied the voice. 'What shall I sing?' Caedmon asked in wonder. The
      voice answered: 'Sing the beginning of created things.' And Caedmon, in
      that moment, attempting to sing, found his stammering tongue had been
      loosened.

      In the morning he recalled the words of his song and, adding other
      verses to it, appeared before the Abbess Hilda (f.d. November 17), to
      whom he related his strange story. He sang to her the song he had sung
      in the night, and she and all who heard were amazed, and agreed 'that
      heavenly grace had been conferred upon him by the Lord.'

      He became a lay-brother and, still in the great abbey of Whitby, was
      taught by his fellow monks the truths of the Bible; these he turned into
      poetry 'so sweet to the ear that his teachers became his hearers.' 'He
      sang,' says Bede, 'of the creation of the world, the origin of man, and
      the history of Israel, of the Incarnation, Passion, and Resurrection of
      Christ, and the teaching of the Apostles.' This first Anglo-Saxon writer
      of religious poetry covered with his paraphrases the whole field of
      Scripture, and though 'others after him strove to compose religious
      poems, none could vie with him, for he learned the art of poetry not
      from men, but from God.'

      Saxon religious verse. In the nineteenth century the broken pieces of
      the Ruthwell Cross were dug up and put together. The cross, which is
      nearly eighteen feet high, was found to have, beside the magnificent
      imagery, a long inscription in Latin and Runic letters, which we now
      know as The Dream of the Holy Rood. On the head of the cross are the
      words, "Caedmon made me", which is similar to "Caedmon made this song",
      which appears in the earliest manuscripts. It seems likely that the most
      famous of all Anglo Saxon poems was composed by S.Caedmon.


      He is said to have died in holiness and perfect charity to all, after
      showing that he knew his life was at an end, although he was not
      seriously ill. He asked to be taken to the infirmary and to receive
      Communion. With the Host in his hand he looked round on his brother
      monks and asked if any bore him a grudge or had anything against him.
      When they answered that none of them had, he said, "I too have a mind at
      peace with all God's servants," made his Communion, signed himself with
      the Cross, lay down and went to sleep, never to wake again in this
      world.

      Caedmon's poetry was a remarkable instance of the power of the Bible to
      stimulate the imagination and awaken natural genius. Thus, Caedmon
      brought to the common people the energy and realism of the Scriptures,
      which, entering deeply into the life of the nation, have never ceased
      through all the centuries to invigorate and inspire the culture of the
      English-speaking world. Though only nine lines of one of his hymns,
      "Dream of the Road," said to have been composed in a dream, survives, he
      is called the 'Father of English Sacred Poetry.' His feast is still
      celebrated at Whitby (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Farmer,
      Gill).

      "Rood and Ruthwell:
      The Poem and the Cross"
      http://www.flsouthern.edu/eng/abruce/rood/home.htm

      The Dream of the Rood
      A Verse Translation by Douglas B. Killings:
      http://www.georgetown.edu/cball/oe/rood-trans.html

      The Dream of the Rood, In Anglo-Saxon:
      http://www.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/library/oe/texts/a2.5.html

      HILDA AND CAEDMON: 'THE DREAM OF THE ROOD'
      THE EARLIEST ENGLISH POEM:
      http://www.umilta.net/hilda.html

      Poetry attributed to St. Caedmon:
      http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Junius/



      St. Trumwin (Trumma) of Abercorn, Bishop
      --------------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 700. Saint Bede tells us that, in 681, Saint Trumwin was
      appointed bishop over the southern Picts by Saint Theodore (f.d.
      September 19) and King Egfrid. Archbishop Theodore of Canterbury had
      divided the Northumbrian diocese governed by Saint Wilfrid (f.d.October
      12) into three, establishing the sees of Deira, Bernica, and Lindsey.
      Three years later, two more diocese were created for Hexham and on the
      Firth of Forth to govern the Pictish lands recently
      conquered. This last became the seat for Trumwin, who organised his see
      at the monastery of Abercorn and later founded a monastery at Lothian on
      the Firth of Forth. Trumwin also accompanied Theodore to Farne to
      persuade Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) to be consecrated bishop of
      Hexham. In 685, King Egfrid was killed by the Picts in the disastrous
      battle of Nechtansmere and Saint Trumwin and all his monks had to flee
      south when the English were ousted. He went to Whitby
      Abbey, where he was welcomed by Abbess Saint Elfleda (f.d. February 8).
      There he lived out his last days in "austerity to the benefit of many
      others beside himself" (Bede). Trumwin's relics were translated during
      the 12th century with those of King Oswy and Saint Elfleda
      (Benedictines, Coulson, Farmer).


      St. Merwinna, Abbess of Romsey, England
      -----------------------------------------------------------
      Died c. 970; feast of translation is October 23. Merewenna was the first
      abbess of Rumsey convent in Hampshire, when it had been restored under
      King Edward the Peaceful (or Edgar?) refounded it in 967. Under her
      direction the monastery prospered and attracted princesses, including
      Saint Elfleda by whom she lays in the abbey church (Benedictines,
      Farmer).


      St. Erluph of Werden, Bishop & Martyr
      ----------------------------------------------------------------
      Died 830. Saint Erluph was one of ten bishops of Verden, Germany, who
      were said to be of Irish extraction. Erluph came to Germany as a
      missionary and became the third bishop of Verden, succeeding Saint Tanco
      (f.d. February 16). Like his predecessor, he was killed by a pagan mob.
      In 1630, his relics were discovered with those of other bishops during
      the repair of the old cathedral. The remains were encased in a casket
      and placed in back of the high altar until Bishop Francis William fled
      with them in 1659 to Regensburg in the wake of Swedish invaders
      (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick, Kenney, O'Hanlon).


      Sources:
      ========

      Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
      (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

      D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
      Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
      useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
      provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
      lives of the saints.]

      Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints.
      New York: Doubleday Image.

      Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
      Oxford: Oxford University Press.

      Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
      New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

      Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
      Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
      Epworth Press.

      Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for Early History of Ireland,
      vol.1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

      O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 10 February =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Caedmon, Father of English Poetry * St. Trumwin of
      Message 2 of 14 , Feb 12 7:05 PM
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 10 February

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Caedmon, Father of English Poetry
        * St. Trumwin of Abercorn
        * St. Merwinna of Romsey
        * St. Erluph of Werden
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Caedmon
        ---------------------------------------------------------
        Died 670. Saint Bede (f.d. May 25) recorded the life of Caedmon, the
        cowherd of Whitby Abbey, who though rough and untutored, by God's power,
        in his later years broke into song and became the father of English
        poetry. Some say he was quite old when he first exercised his gift. The
        legend is that for years he was so ashamed of his inability, on account
        of his shyness, to take his turn in singing on festive occasions that he
        would steal away and hide himself. 'Wherefore, being sometimes at
        feasts, when all agreed for glee's sake to sing in turn, he no sooner
        saw the harp come towards him than he rose from the board and turned
        homewards.'

        One night, however, when he had left the feast and had taken refuge in
        the stable, he heard a voice saying: 'Sing, Caedmon. Sing some song to
        Me.' Caedmon stammered in reply: 'I cannot sing.' 'But you shall sing,'
        replied the voice. 'What shall I sing?' Caedmon asked in wonder. The
        voice answered: 'Sing the beginning of created things.' And Caedmon, in
        that moment, attempting to sing, found his stammering tongue had been
        loosened.

        In the morning he recalled the words of his song and, adding other
        verses to it, appeared before the Abbess Hilda (f.d. November 17), to
        whom he related his strange story. He sang to her the song he had sung
        in the night, and she and all who heard were amazed, and agreed 'that
        heavenly grace had been conferred upon him by the Lord.'

        He became a lay-brother and, still in the great abbey of Whitby, was
        taught by his fellow monks the truths of the Bible; these he turned into
        poetry 'so sweet to the ear that his teachers became his hearers.' 'He
        sang,' says Bede, 'of the creation of the world, the origin of man, and
        the history of Israel, of the Incarnation, Passion, and Resurrection of
        Christ, and the teaching of the Apostles.' This first Anglo-Saxon writer
        of religious poetry covered with his paraphrases the whole field of
        Scripture, and though 'others after him strove to compose religious
        poems, none could vie with him, for he learned the art of poetry not
        from men, but from God.'

        Saxon religious verse. In the nineteenth century the broken pieces of
        the Ruthwell Cross were dug up and put together. The cross, which is
        nearly eighteen feet high, was found to have, beside the magnificent
        imagery, a long inscription in Latin and Runic letters, which we now
        know as The Dream of the Holy Rood. On the head of the cross are the
        words, "Caedmon made me", which is similar to "Caedmon made this song",
        which appears in the earliest manuscripts. It seems likely that the most
        famous of all Anglo Saxon poems was composed by S.Caedmon.


        He is said to have died in holiness and perfect charity to all, after
        showing that he knew his life was at an end, although he was not
        seriously ill. He asked to be taken to the infirmary and to receive
        Communion. With the Host in his hand he looked round on his brother
        monks and asked if any bore him a grudge or had anything against him.
        When they answered that none of them had, he said, "I too have a mind at
        peace with all God's servants," made his Communion, signed himself with
        the Cross, lay down and went to sleep, never to wake again in this
        world.

        Caedmon's poetry was a remarkable instance of the power of the Bible to
        stimulate the imagination and awaken natural genius. Thus, Caedmon
        brought to the common people the energy and realism of the Scriptures,
        which, entering deeply into the life of the nation, have never ceased
        through all the centuries to invigorate and inspire the culture of the
        English-speaking world. Though only nine lines of one of his hymns,
        "Dream of the Road," said to have been composed in a dream, survives, he
        is called the 'Father of English Sacred Poetry.' His feast is still
        celebrated at Whitby (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia, Farmer,
        Gill).

        "Rood and Ruthwell:
        The Poem and the Cross"
        http://www.flsouthern.edu/eng/abruce/rood/home.htm

        The Dream of the Rood
        A Verse Translation by Douglas B. Killings:
        http://www.georgetown.edu/cball/oe/rood-trans.html

        The Dream of the Rood, In Anglo-Saxon:
        http://www.georgetown.edu/labyrinth/library/oe/texts/a2.5.html

        HILDA AND CAEDMON: 'THE DREAM OF THE ROOD'
        THE EARLIEST ENGLISH POEM:
        http://www.umilta.net/hilda.html

        Poetry attributed to St. Caedmon:
        http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/OMACL/Junius/



        St. Trumwin (Trumma) of Abercorn, Bishop
        --------------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 700. Saint Bede tells us that, in 681, Saint Trumwin was
        appointed bishop over the southern Picts by Saint Theodore (f.d.
        September 19) and King Egfrid. Archbishop Theodore of Canterbury had
        divided the Northumbrian diocese governed by Saint Wilfrid (f.d.October
        12) into three, establishing the sees of Deira, Bernica, and Lindsey.
        Three years later, two more diocese were created for Hexham and on the
        Firth of Forth to govern the Pictish lands recently
        conquered. This last became the seat for Trumwin, who organised his see
        at the monastery of Abercorn and later founded a monastery at Lothian on
        the Firth of Forth. Trumwin also accompanied Theodore to Farne to
        persuade Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20) to be consecrated bishop of
        Hexham. In 685, King Egfrid was killed by the Picts in the disastrous
        battle of Nechtansmere and Saint Trumwin and all his monks had to flee
        south when the English were ousted. He went to Whitby
        Abbey, where he was welcomed by Abbess Saint Elfleda (f.d. February 8).
        There he lived out his last days in "austerity to the benefit of many
        others beside himself" (Bede). Trumwin's relics were translated during
        the 12th century with those of King Oswy and Saint Elfleda
        (Benedictines, Coulson, Farmer).


        St. Merwinna, Abbess of Romsey, England
        -----------------------------------------------------------
        Died c. 970; feast of translation is October 23. Merewenna was the first
        abbess of Rumsey convent in Hampshire, when it had been restored under
        King Edward the Peaceful (or Edgar?) refounded it in 967. Under her
        direction the monastery prospered and attracted princesses, including
        Saint Elfleda by whom she lays in the abbey church (Benedictines,
        Farmer).


        St. Erluph of Werden, Bishop & Martyr
        ----------------------------------------------------------------
        Died 830. Saint Erluph was one of ten bishops of Verden, Germany, who
        were said to be of Irish extraction. Erluph came to Germany as a
        missionary and became the third bishop of Verden, succeeding Saint Tanco
        (f.d. February 16). Like his predecessor, he was killed by a pagan mob.
        In 1630, his relics were discovered with those of other bishops during
        the repair of the old cathedral. The remains were encased in a casket
        and placed in back of the high altar until Bishop Francis William fled
        with them in 1659 to Regensburg in the wake of Swedish invaders
        (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Fitzpatrick, Kenney, O'Hanlon).


        Sources:
        ========

        Benedictine Monks of St. Augustine Abbey, Ramsgate.
        (1947). The Book of Saints. NY: Macmillan.

        D'Arcy, M. R. (1974). The Saints of Ireland. Saint Paul, Minnesota:
        Irish American Cultural Institute. [This is probably the most
        useful book to choose to own on the Irish saints. The author
        provides a great deal of historical context in which to place the
        lives of the saints.]

        Delaney, J. J. (1983). Pocket Dictionary of Saints.
        New York: Doubleday Image.

        Farmer, D. H. (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Saints.
        Oxford: Oxford University Press.

        Fitzpatrick, B. (1927). Ireland and the Foundations of Europe.
        New York: Funk & Wagnalls.

        Gill, F. C. (1958). The Glorious Company: Lives of Great
        Christians for Daily Devotion, vol. I. London:
        Epworth Press.

        Kenney, J. F. (1929). Sources for Early History of Ireland,
        vol.1, Ecclesiastical. New York: Columbia University Press.

        O'Hanlon, J. (1875). Lives of Irish Saints, 10 vol. Dublin.

        For All the Saints:
        http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

        An Alphabetical Index of the Saints of the West
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/saintsa.htm

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints

        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
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