Loading ...
Sorry, an error occurred while loading the content.

26 October #1

Expand Messages
  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 26 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cedd of the East Saxons * St. Alfred the Great (see #2) * Ss.
    Message 1 of 13 , Oct 26, 2012
    • 0 Attachment
      Celtic and Old English Saints 26 October

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Cedd of the East Saxons
      * St. Alfred the Great (see #2)
      * Ss. Aneurin and Gwinoc of Wales
      * St. Eata of Hexham
      * St. Bean of Aberdeen
      * St. Cuthbert of Canterbury
      * St. Eadfrid of Leominster
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Cedd, Founder of Lastingham,
      Bishop and Apostle of the East Saxons
      ---------------------------------------
      Born in Northumbria, England; died October 26, 664; feast day formerly
      celebrated on January 7. Cedd was raised together with his brother
      Saint Chad (f.d. March 2). He became a monk at Lindisfarne and in 653
      was sent with three other priests to evangelize the Middle Angles when
      their King Peada was baptized by Saint Finan of Lindisfarne (f.d.
      February 17) in 653 at the court of his father-in-law, Oswy of
      Northumbria.

      After working in that field for a time he was called to harvest a new
      one in East Anglia (Essex), when King Sigebert was converted and
      baptized by Finan. He and another priest travelled throughout the
      midlands to evaluate the situation. Then Cedd returned to Lindisfarne
      to confer with Finan, who consecrated him bishop of the East Saxons in
      654. Cedd returned to Essex and spent the rest of his life with the
      Saxons--building churches, founding monasteries (at Bradwell-on-the-Sea
      (Ythancaestir, Othona), Tilbury, and Lastingham), and ordaining priests
      and deacons to continue the work of evangelization.

      Lastingham, originally called Laestingaeu, was built in 658 on a tract
      of inaccessible land in Yorkshire donated by King Ethelwald of Deira.
      Here Cedd spent 40 days in prayer and fasting to consecrate the place to
      God according to the custom of Lindisfarne, derived from Saint Columba
      (f.d. June 9). All three of the monasteries he built were destroyed by
      the Danes and never restored.

      He attended the Synod of Whitby in 664, where he accepted the Roman
      observances, and died of the plague at Lastingham, Yorkshire. At the
      news of his death, 30 of his brethren among the East Saxons came to
      Lastingham to consecrate their lives where their holy father in faith
      had ended his. But they, too, were all killed by the same plague,
      except one unbaptized boy, who lived to become a priest and zealous
      missionary (Delaney, Walsh).

      Saint Cedd is depicted in art as a bishop with a chalice and an abbatial
      staff. Sometimes he is shown with his brother Saint Chad of Lichfield,
      other times with Saint Diuma, bishop of the Middle English. He is
      venerated at Charlbury, Oxon, England (Roeder).

      Icon of Saint Cedd:
      http://web.archive.org/web/20031230171255/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/C
      EDD.JPG
      Tiny URL http://tinyurl.com/d99w2



      St. Aneurin (Gildas) and Gwinoc
      ---------------------------------------
      6th century. Saint Aneurin and his son Gwinoc were Welsh monks. The
      latter has left some Celtic poems of a certain literary value
      (Benedictines).


      St. Eata of Hexham, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------
      Died c. 686. It is impossible to write about Eata, the 7th century
      English saint, without going back to Saint Aidan (f.d. August 31), and
      from Saint Aidan to Saint Paulinus of York (f.d. October 10), and from
      Saint Paulinus to Saint Augustine (Austin) of Canterbury (f.d. May 28),
      and from Saint Augustine to Saint Gregory the Great (f.d. March 12) who
      began this chain reaction. Nor should we forget the Venerable Bede
      (f.d. May 25) without whose "Ecclesiastical History" we would never have
      heard of Saint Eata, nor Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20), who was Eata's
      close friend.

      In the 7th century, England was divided into the Heptarchy, seven
      independent kingdoms in none of which was Christianity firmly
      established. At the request of Saint Oswald (f.d. August 9), king of
      Northumbria, Saint Aidan had gone from Iona to Lindisfarne--the Holy
      Island--and from there had begun to evangelize the northern parts of
      England. Aidan himself and many of his monks came originally from
      Ireland and therefore followed the Celtic usages which differed in some
      ways from those of Rome.

      Pope Saint Gregory's plan was to send a properly organised group to
      England, rather than rely on the isolated efforts of the northern
      missionaries. The man he chose was the prior of a monastery that he had
      founded in Rome, Saint Augustine of Canterbury. In 596, he landed in
      Kent with a group of 40 monks.

      They had to start from nothing, but fortunately they quickly enlisted
      the support of Bertha, the wife of King Saint Ethelbert
      (f.d. February 24)--just as Saint Paulinus won the support of Saint
      Ethelburga (f.d. April 5), sister of Eadbald, and Saint Remigius (f.d.
      October 1) won that of Saint Clotilde (f.d. June 3), wife of Clovis.
      Augustine received the 'pallium' and became the first archbishop of
      England, establishing his see at Canterbury.

      At the time of Augustine's death, which took place shortly after that of
      Gregory the Great, relations between the Roman and Celtic churches were
      still strained. Apart from their differences over usage and
      organisation, the situation was complicated by the resentment felt by
      some of the Celts towards the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes who only a
      relatively short while before had driven them out of their own country
      and persecuted their religion. So it was left to a number of saints,
      among them Eata, to effect a union between the Celtic and Roman
      Christians, their personal saintliness persuading the ones to abate
      their racial pride and the others to make concessions.

      The first saint who went to Northumbria was a Roman one, Saint Paulinus,
      who had been sent by Gregory the Great to assist Saint Augustine of
      Canterbury. The next one was the Celtic Saint Aidan, who had
      established his monastery at Lindisfarne and who also founded a
      monastery at Ripon. It was at Ripon that Eata, who had been born an
      Anglo-Saxon and was one of the 12 English boys brought to Northumbria by
      Saint Aidan, was educated in the Celtic observance. When Saint Wilfrid
      (f.d. October 12) arrived at Ripon, Eata left it to become abbot at
      Melrose, which was attached to Lindisfarne.

      As a result of the Synod of Whitby, which was held in 664, the Roman
      usage was extended throughout England and the Celtic practices were,
      sadly, gradually suppressed. Eata accepted the Roman liturgical
      observances.

      Saint Colman (f.d. February 18), who had succeeded Saint Aidan as abbot
      of Lindisfarne refused to accept the decision and withdrew from his
      position. Reportedly he requested that Saint Eata take his place. At
      the same time Saint Cuthbert became prior, and they both fully accepted
      the Roman usage and liturgy.

      In 678 Theodore, who had been consecrated in Rome as the new archbishop
      of Canterbury by Pope Saint Vitalian (f.d. January 27), met Eata in York
      and at once consecrated him as bishop of Bernicia. It was a wise choice,
      for Eata quickly showed himself to be worthy of his office. He and Saint
      Cuthbert were often together, travelling from Melrose to Ripon and to
      Lindisfarne. Later Eata and Cuthbert exchanged sees, and Eata became
      bishop of Hexham, where he remained until his death.

      Eata seems to have been a kind and gentle man, more so even than
      Cuthbert, and vastly more so than Colman or that other saint, Wilfrid,
      who quarrelled so violently with Theodore. He died in 686 and was
      buried in the Abbey of Hexham. It is said that when, in 1113, plans
      were made to disinter his body and take it to York, he appeared in a
      dream to the archbishop of York and told him to leave his mortal remains
      in peace (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia).


      St. Bean of Aberdeen, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------
      Died after 1012. Saint Bean was the first bishop of Mortlach in Banff.
      In the 11th century the see became that of Aberdeen,
      Scotland (Benedictines, Farmer).

      THIS saint was venerated at Fowls Wester and Kinkell, both in Perthshire.
      His well is pointed out at the former place, and his fair is held there. St.
      Bean is inserted in the calendar of the Breviary of Aberdeen, but few
      particulars of his life are known to us. Tradition makes him Bishop of
      Mortlach, in Banffshire, though the existence of such a see is not generally
      admitted. St. Bean, probably resided at Mortlach of which he became patron
      (in succession to St. Moluag see June 25) ; he is said to have ruled a
      monastery of Culdees there. An ancient stone effigy, in existence in the
      eighteenth century in Mortlach Church, was supposed to represent the saint ;
      nothing of the kind is now to be seen. Balvenie, in the neighbourhood, is
      thought to be derived from Bal-beni-mor (" dwelling of Bean the Great ").
      The feast of St. Bean was restored to Scotland by Leo XIII.

      Source: Dom Michael Barrett, OSB, A calendar of Scottish saints (Ft
      Augustus, 1919).
      http://www.archive.org/details/acalendarofscott00barruoft

      Pictures of the medieval St Bean's Church at Fowlis Wester and the Pictish
      slab crosses housed within it can be seen here:
      http://www.strathearn.com/pl/fowlis_church.htm

      One interesting feature, common in churches of this age, is a leper's
      squint - a special window from where the afflicted could watch the
      proceedings without coming into contact with the rest of the congregation.

      The Church also contains a piece of McBean tartan which astronaut Alan
      McBean took to the moon and back!



      St. Cuthbert of Canterbury, Bishop
      ---------------------------------------
      Born in England; died 758. A monk of Lyminge, Kent, Saint Cuthbert
      later became bishop of Hereford (c. 736) and then archbishop of
      Canterbury (c. 740). He is best remembered as one of the English
      correspondents of Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) (Benedictines,
      Encyclopaedia).


      St. Eadfrid of Leominster
      ------------------------------------------
      Died c. 675. Eadfrid preached in Mercia as a Northumbrian monk-priest.
      He also founded, and was the first superior of, Leominster Priory
      (Benedictines).


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 26 October =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Cedd of the East Saxons * St. Alfred the Great (see #2) * Ss.
      Message 2 of 13 , Oct 25, 2013
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 26 October

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Cedd of the East Saxons
        * St. Alfred the Great (see #2)
        * Ss. Aneurin and Gwinoc of Wales
        * St. Eata of Hexham
        * St. Bean of Aberdeen
        * St. Cuthbert of Canterbury
        * St. Eadfrid of Leominster
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Cedd, Founder of Lastingham,
        Bishop and Apostle of the East Saxons
        ---------------------------------------
        Born in Northumbria, England; died October 26, 664; feast day formerly
        celebrated on January 7. Cedd was raised together with his brother
        Saint Chad (f.d. March 2). He became a monk at Lindisfarne and in 653
        was sent with three other priests to evangelize the Middle Angles when
        their King Peada was baptized by Saint Finan of Lindisfarne (f.d.
        February 17) in 653 at the court of his father-in-law, Oswy of
        Northumbria.

        After working in that field for a time he was called to harvest a new
        one in East Anglia (Essex), when King Sigebert was converted and
        baptized by Finan. He and another priest travelled throughout the
        midlands to evaluate the situation. Then Cedd returned to Lindisfarne
        to confer with Finan, who consecrated him bishop of the East Saxons in
        654. Cedd returned to Essex and spent the rest of his life with the
        Saxons--building churches, founding monasteries (at Bradwell-on-the-Sea
        (Ythancaestir, Othona), Tilbury, and Lastingham), and ordaining priests
        and deacons to continue the work of evangelization.

        Lastingham, originally called Laestingaeu, was built in 658 on a tract
        of inaccessible land in Yorkshire donated by King Ethelwald of Deira.
        Here Cedd spent 40 days in prayer and fasting to consecrate the place to
        God according to the custom of Lindisfarne, derived from Saint Columba
        (f.d. June 9). All three of the monasteries he built were destroyed by
        the Danes and never restored.

        He attended the Synod of Whitby in 664, where he accepted the Roman
        observances, and died of the plague at Lastingham, Yorkshire. At the
        news of his death, 30 of his brethren among the East Saxons came to
        Lastingham to consecrate their lives where their holy father in faith
        had ended his. But they, too, were all killed by the same plague,
        except one unbaptized boy, who lived to become a priest and zealous
        missionary (Delaney, Walsh).

        Saint Cedd is depicted in art as a bishop with a chalice and an abbatial
        staff. Sometimes he is shown with his brother Saint Chad of Lichfield,
        other times with Saint Diuma, bishop of the Middle English. He is
        venerated at Charlbury, Oxon, England (Roeder).

        Icon of Saint Cedd:
        http://web.archive.org/web/20031230171255/http://www.nireland.com/orthodox/C
        EDD.JPG
        Tiny URL http://tinyurl.com/d99w2



        St. Aneurin (Gildas) and Gwinoc
        ---------------------------------------
        6th century. Saint Aneurin and his son Gwinoc were Welsh monks. The
        latter has left some Celtic poems of a certain literary value
        (Benedictines).


        St. Eata of Hexham, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------
        Died c. 686. It is impossible to write about Eata, the 7th century
        English saint, without going back to Saint Aidan (f.d. August 31), and
        from Saint Aidan to Saint Paulinus of York (f.d. October 10), and from
        Saint Paulinus to Saint Augustine (Austin) of Canterbury (f.d. May 28),
        and from Saint Augustine to Saint Gregory the Great (f.d. March 12) who
        began this chain reaction. Nor should we forget the Venerable Bede
        (f.d. May 25) without whose "Ecclesiastical History" we would never have
        heard of Saint Eata, nor Saint Cuthbert (f.d. March 20), who was Eata's
        close friend.

        In the 7th century, England was divided into the Heptarchy, seven
        independent kingdoms in none of which was Christianity firmly
        established. At the request of Saint Oswald (f.d. August 9), king of
        Northumbria, Saint Aidan had gone from Iona to Lindisfarne--the Holy
        Island--and from there had begun to evangelize the northern parts of
        England. Aidan himself and many of his monks came originally from
        Ireland and therefore followed the Celtic usages which differed in some
        ways from those of Rome.

        Pope Saint Gregory's plan was to send a properly organised group to
        England, rather than rely on the isolated efforts of the northern
        missionaries. The man he chose was the prior of a monastery that he had
        founded in Rome, Saint Augustine of Canterbury. In 596, he landed in
        Kent with a group of 40 monks.

        They had to start from nothing, but fortunately they quickly enlisted
        the support of Bertha, the wife of King Saint Ethelbert
        (f.d. February 24)--just as Saint Paulinus won the support of Saint
        Ethelburga (f.d. April 5), sister of Eadbald, and Saint Remigius (f.d.
        October 1) won that of Saint Clotilde (f.d. June 3), wife of Clovis.
        Augustine received the 'pallium' and became the first archbishop of
        England, establishing his see at Canterbury.

        At the time of Augustine's death, which took place shortly after that of
        Gregory the Great, relations between the Roman and Celtic churches were
        still strained. Apart from their differences over usage and
        organisation, the situation was complicated by the resentment felt by
        some of the Celts towards the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes who only a
        relatively short while before had driven them out of their own country
        and persecuted their religion. So it was left to a number of saints,
        among them Eata, to effect a union between the Celtic and Roman
        Christians, their personal saintliness persuading the ones to abate
        their racial pride and the others to make concessions.

        The first saint who went to Northumbria was a Roman one, Saint Paulinus,
        who had been sent by Gregory the Great to assist Saint Augustine of
        Canterbury. The next one was the Celtic Saint Aidan, who had
        established his monastery at Lindisfarne and who also founded a
        monastery at Ripon. It was at Ripon that Eata, who had been born an
        Anglo-Saxon and was one of the 12 English boys brought to Northumbria by
        Saint Aidan, was educated in the Celtic observance. When Saint Wilfrid
        (f.d. October 12) arrived at Ripon, Eata left it to become abbot at
        Melrose, which was attached to Lindisfarne.

        As a result of the Synod of Whitby, which was held in 664, the Roman
        usage was extended throughout England and the Celtic practices were,
        sadly, gradually suppressed. Eata accepted the Roman liturgical
        observances.

        Saint Colman (f.d. February 18), who had succeeded Saint Aidan as abbot
        of Lindisfarne refused to accept the decision and withdrew from his
        position. Reportedly he requested that Saint Eata take his place. At
        the same time Saint Cuthbert became prior, and they both fully accepted
        the Roman usage and liturgy.

        In 678 Theodore, who had been consecrated in Rome as the new archbishop
        of Canterbury by Pope Saint Vitalian (f.d. January 27), met Eata in York
        and at once consecrated him as bishop of Bernicia. It was a wise choice,
        for Eata quickly showed himself to be worthy of his office. He and Saint
        Cuthbert were often together, travelling from Melrose to Ripon and to
        Lindisfarne. Later Eata and Cuthbert exchanged sees, and Eata became
        bishop of Hexham, where he remained until his death.

        Eata seems to have been a kind and gentle man, more so even than
        Cuthbert, and vastly more so than Colman or that other saint, Wilfrid,
        who quarrelled so violently with Theodore. He died in 686 and was
        buried in the Abbey of Hexham. It is said that when, in 1113, plans
        were made to disinter his body and take it to York, he appeared in a
        dream to the archbishop of York and told him to leave his mortal remains
        in peace (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopaedia).


        St. Bean of Aberdeen, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------
        Died after 1012. Saint Bean was the first bishop of Mortlach in Banff.
        In the 11th century the see became that of Aberdeen,
        Scotland (Benedictines, Farmer).

        THIS saint was venerated at Fowls Wester and Kinkell, both in Perthshire.
        His well is pointed out at the former place, and his fair is held there. St.
        Bean is inserted in the calendar of the Breviary of Aberdeen, but few
        particulars of his life are known to us. Tradition makes him Bishop of
        Mortlach, in Banffshire, though the existence of such a see is not generally
        admitted. St. Bean, probably resided at Mortlach of which he became patron
        (in succession to St. Moluag see June 25) ; he is said to have ruled a
        monastery of Culdees there. An ancient stone effigy, in existence in the
        eighteenth century in Mortlach Church, was supposed to represent the saint ;
        nothing of the kind is now to be seen. Balvenie, in the neighbourhood, is
        thought to be derived from Bal-beni-mor (" dwelling of Bean the Great ").
        The feast of St. Bean was restored to Scotland by Leo XIII.

        Source: Dom Michael Barrett, OSB, A calendar of Scottish saints (Ft
        Augustus, 1919).
        http://www.archive.org/details/acalendarofscott00barruoft

        Pictures of the medieval St Bean's Church at Fowlis Wester and the Pictish
        slab crosses housed within it can be seen here:
        http://www.strathearn.com/pl/fowlis_church.htm

        One interesting feature, common in churches of this age, is a leper's
        squint - a special window from where the afflicted could watch the
        proceedings without coming into contact with the rest of the congregation.

        The Church also contains a piece of McBean tartan which astronaut Alan
        McBean took to the moon and back!



        St. Cuthbert of Canterbury, Bishop
        ---------------------------------------
        Born in England; died 758. A monk of Lyminge, Kent, Saint Cuthbert
        later became bishop of Hereford (c. 736) and then archbishop of
        Canterbury (c. 740). He is best remembered as one of the English
        correspondents of Saint Boniface (f.d. June 5) (Benedictines,
        Encyclopaedia).


        St. Eadfrid of Leominster
        ------------------------------------------
        Died c. 675. Eadfrid preached in Mercia as a Northumbrian monk-priest.
        He also founded, and was the first superior of, Leominster Priory
        (Benedictines).

        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        ¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤¤
      Your message has been successfully submitted and would be delivered to recipients shortly.