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31 August

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  • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
    Celtic and Old English Saints 31 August =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Lindisfarne * St. Cuthburga of Wimborne * St.
    Message 1 of 13 , Sep 2, 2012
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      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 August

      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
      * St. Aidan of Lindisfarne
      * St. Cuthburga of Wimborne
      * St. Eanswitha of Folkestone
      * St. Columban of Ireland
      =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


      St. Aidan of Lindisfarne, Bishop
      (Aedan)
      ----------------------------------------------------
      Born in Ireland; died 651. Saint Aidan is said to have been a disciple
      of Saint Senan (f.d. March 8) on Scattery Island, but
      nothing else is known with certainty of his early life before he became
      a monk of Iona. He was well received by King Oswald (f.d. August 9),
      who had lived in exile among the Irish monks of Iona and had requested
      monks to evangelize his kingdom. The first missionary, Corman, was
      unsuccessful because of the roughness of his methods, so Aidan was sent
      to replace him. Oswald bestowed the isle of Lindisfarne (Holy Island)
      on Aidan for his episcopal seat and his diocese reached from the Forth
      to the Humber.

      By his actions he showed that he neither sought nor loved the things of
      this world; the presents which were given to him by the king or other
      rich men he distributed among the poor. He rarely attended the king at
      table, and never without taking with him one or two of his clergy, and
      always afterwards made haste to get away and back to his work.

      The centre of his activity was Lindisfarne, off the coast of
      Northumberland, between Berwick and Bamburgh. Here he established a
      monastery under the Rule of Saint Columcille; it was not improperly been
      called the English Iona, for from it the paganism of Northumbria was
      gradually dispelled and barbarian customs undermined. The community was
      not allowed to accumulate wealth; surpluses were applied to the needs of
      the poor and the manumission of slaves. From Lindisfarne Aidan made
      journeys on foot throughout the diocese, visiting his flock and
      establishing missionary centres.

      Aidan's apostolate was advanced by numerous miracles according to Saint
      Bede (f.d. May 25), who wrote his biography. It was also aided by the
      fact that Aidan preached in Irish and the king provided the translation.
      Saint Aidan took to this monastery 12 English boys to be raised there,
      and he was indefatigable in tending to the welfare of children and
      slaves, for the manumission of many of whom he paid from alms bestowed
      on him.

      The great king Saint Oswald assisted his bishop in every possible way
      until his death in battle against the pagan King Penda in 642. A
      beautiful story preserved by Saint Bede tells that Oswald was sitting at
      dinner one Easter day, Saint Aidan at his side, when he was told a great
      crowd of poor people were seeking alms at the gate. Taking a massive
      silver dish, he loaded it with meat from his own table and ordered it
      distributed amongst the poor, and ordered the silver dish to be broken
      in fragments, and those too distributed to them. Aidan, Bede says, took
      hold of the king's right hand, saying "Let this hand never decay!" His
      blessing was fulfilled. After Oswald's death his incorrupt right arm was
      preserved as a sacred relic.

      Oswald's successor, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20), also supported Aidan's
      apostolate and when in 651, Oswin was murdered in Gilling, Aidan
      survived him only 11 days. He died at the royal castle of Bamburgh,
      which he used as a missionary centre, leaning against a wall of the
      church where a tent had been erected to shelter him. He was first
      buried in the cemetery of Lindisfarne, but when the new church of Saint
      Peter was finished, his body was translated into the sanctuary.

      The monks of Lindisfarne, fleeing repeated Viking attacks, abandoned
      their holy island in 875, taking with them the relics of St. Oswald and
      St. Aidan packed into the coffin containing St. Cuthbert's uncorrupted
      body. For over 100 years the monks wandered, settling here and there,
      and founding churches. In 995, fearing another attack from Danish
      raiders, the monks again fled with their precious relics. According to
      legend, when the monks approached the town of Durham the coffin began to
      grow heavy and one of the monks had a dream in which Cuthbert said his
      body would finally rest at 'Dunholme'. None of the monks knew of such a
      place but, inquiring of local villagers, overheard two women speaking
      about a lost cow which was said to have strayed into 'the Dunholme'.
      Investigated by the monks, this turned out to be a wooded promontory in
      a loop above the River Wear, which is where Durham cathedral now stands.

      The monks of Glastonbury claimed that they held the bones of St. Aidan
      of Lindisfarne (in Northumberland) as early as the 11th century. We know
      that this was not his whole body, as it was accepted that half of it lay
      at Iona in Scotland, and some relics were also claimed by Durham
      Cathedral. As only a partial saint and the earliest recorded, it seems
      likely that Aidan may have been the only Northern relic brought south to
      Glastonbury by Tyccea, though not apparently because of the Viking
      threat.

      Saint Bede highly praises the Irish Aidan who did so much to bring the
      Gospel to his Anglo-Saxon brothers. "He neither sought nor loved
      anything of this world, but delighted in distributing immediately to the
      poor whatever was given him by kings or rich men of the world. He
      traversed both town and country on foot, never on horseback, unless
      compelled by some urgent necessity. Wherever on his way he saw any,
      either rich or poor, he invited them, if pagans, to embrace the mystery
      of the faith; or if they were believers, he sought to strengthen them in
      their faith and stir them up by words and actions to alms and good
      works."

      He wrote that Saint Aidan "was a man of remarkable gentleness, goodness,
      and moderation, zealous for God; but not fully according to knowledge. .
      ... . " By which Bede means that he followed and taught the liturgical
      and disciplinary customs of the
      Celtic Christians, which differed from those of Continental
      Christianity. Montague notes that one effort of Anglo-Saxon education
      being conducted by Irish monks was that English writing was
      distinguished by its Irish orthography. Aidan brought to Ireland the
      custom of Wednesday and Friday fasts [see the Didache] (Attwater,
      Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Montague, Walsh).

      In art, Saint Aidan is portrayed as a bishop with the monastery of
      Lindisfarne in his hand and a stag at his feet (because of the legend
      that his prayer rendered invisible a deer pursued by hunters). He might
      also be portrayed (1) holding a light torch;
      (2) giving a horse to a poor man; (3) calming a storm; or (4)
      extinguishing a fire by his prayers (Roeder), He is especially
      venerated at Glastonbury, Lindisfarne, and Whitby (Roeder).

      "The Irish Bishops of Lindisfarne"
      http://brigid-undertheoak.blogspot.com/2009/08/irish-bishops-of-lindisfarne.html

      The life of St Aidan features in this book available at the Internet
      Archive:
      The Bishops of Lindisfarne, Hexham, Chester-le-Street, and Durham A.D.
      635-1020 - Being an Introduction to the Ecclesiastical History of
      Northumbria"
      http://www.archive.org/details/bishopsoflindisf00mileiala


      Liturgical Commemoration of Our Father among the
      Saints Aidan, Bishop of Lindisfarne, Enlightener of Northumbria
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/servaida.htm

      Icons of St. Aidan:
      http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Aidan.htm##1


      Troparion of St Aidan tone 5
      O holy Bishop Aidan,/ Apostle of the North and light of the Celtic
      Church,/ glorious in humility,/ noble in poverty,/ zealous monk and
      loving missionary,/ intercede for us sinners/ that Christ our God may
      have mercy on our souls.



      St. Cuthburga, Queen and Abbess of Wimborne, England
      ----------------------------------------------------------


      St. Eanswitha (Eanswyth), Abbess of Folkestone, Kent, England
      Grand-daughter of King Saint Aethelbert
      -----------------------------------------------------------

      Liturgical Commemoration of Our Venerable Mother Eanswythe, Abbess of
      Folkestone & Wonderworker of Kent
      http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/serveans.htm



      St. Columban of Ireland, Abbot and Founder of
      Luxeuil Abbey in France
      ------------------------------------------------------------
      Feast of the Translation of his holy Relics


      Lives kindly supplied by:
      For All the Saints:
      http://www.saintpatrickdc.org/ss/ss-index.htm

      These Lives are archived at:
      http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
      *****************************************
    • ambrois@xtra.co.nz
      Celtic and Old English Saints 31 August =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= * St. Aidan of Lindisfarne * St. Cuthburga of Wimborne * St.
      Message 2 of 13 , Aug 31, 2013
      • 0 Attachment
        Celtic and Old English Saints 31 August

        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=
        * St. Aidan of Lindisfarne
        * St. Cuthburga of Wimborne
        * St. Eanswitha of Folkestone
        * St. Columban of Ireland
        =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=


        St. Aidan of Lindisfarne, Bishop
        (Aedan)
        ----------------------------------------------------
        Born in Ireland; died 651. Saint Aidan is said to have been a disciple
        of Saint Senan (f.d. March 8) on Scattery Island, but
        nothing else is known with certainty of his early life before he became
        a monk of Iona. He was well received by King Oswald (f.d. August 9),
        who had lived in exile among the Irish monks of Iona and had requested
        monks to evangelize his kingdom. The first missionary, Corman, was
        unsuccessful because of the roughness of his methods, so Aidan was sent
        to replace him. Oswald bestowed the isle of Lindisfarne (Holy Island)
        on Aidan for his episcopal seat and his diocese reached from the Forth
        to the Humber.

        By his actions he showed that he neither sought nor loved the things of
        this world; the presents which were given to him by the king or other
        rich men he distributed among the poor. He rarely attended the king at
        table, and never without taking with him one or two of his clergy, and
        always afterwards made haste to get away and back to his work.

        The centre of his activity was Lindisfarne, off the coast of
        Northumberland, between Berwick and Bamburgh. Here he established a
        monastery under the Rule of Saint Columcille; it was not improperly been
        called the English Iona, for from it the paganism of Northumbria was
        gradually dispelled and barbarian customs undermined. The community was
        not allowed to accumulate wealth; surpluses were applied to the needs of
        the poor and the manumission of slaves. From Lindisfarne Aidan made
        journeys on foot throughout the diocese, visiting his flock and
        establishing missionary centres.

        Aidan's apostolate was advanced by numerous miracles according to Saint
        Bede (f.d. May 25), who wrote his biography. It was also aided by the
        fact that Aidan preached in Irish and the king provided the translation.
        Saint Aidan took to this monastery 12 English boys to be raised there,
        and he was indefatigable in tending to the welfare of children and
        slaves, for the manumission of many of whom he paid from alms bestowed
        on him.

        The great king Saint Oswald assisted his bishop in every possible way
        until his death in battle against the pagan King Penda in 642. A
        beautiful story preserved by Saint Bede tells that Oswald was sitting at
        dinner one Easter day, Saint Aidan at his side, when he was told a great
        crowd of poor people were seeking alms at the gate. Taking a massive
        silver dish, he loaded it with meat from his own table and ordered it
        distributed amongst the poor, and ordered the silver dish to be broken
        in fragments, and those too distributed to them. Aidan, Bede says, took
        hold of the king's right hand, saying "Let this hand never decay!" His
        blessing was fulfilled. After Oswald's death his incorrupt right arm was
        preserved as a sacred relic.

        Oswald's successor, Saint Oswin (f.d. August 20), also supported Aidan's
        apostolate and when in 651, Oswin was murdered in Gilling, Aidan
        survived him only 11 days. He died at the royal castle of Bamburgh,
        which he used as a missionary centre, leaning against a wall of the
        church where a tent had been erected to shelter him. He was first
        buried in the cemetery of Lindisfarne, but when the new church of Saint
        Peter was finished, his body was translated into the sanctuary.

        The monks of Lindisfarne, fleeing repeated Viking attacks, abandoned
        their holy island in 875, taking with them the relics of St. Oswald and
        St. Aidan packed into the coffin containing St. Cuthbert's uncorrupted
        body. For over 100 years the monks wandered, settling here and there,
        and founding churches. In 995, fearing another attack from Danish
        raiders, the monks again fled with their precious relics. According to
        legend, when the monks approached the town of Durham the coffin began to
        grow heavy and one of the monks had a dream in which Cuthbert said his
        body would finally rest at 'Dunholme'. None of the monks knew of such a
        place but, inquiring of local villagers, overheard two women speaking
        about a lost cow which was said to have strayed into 'the Dunholme'.
        Investigated by the monks, this turned out to be a wooded promontory in
        a loop above the River Wear, which is where Durham cathedral now stands.

        The monks of Glastonbury claimed that they held the bones of St. Aidan
        of Lindisfarne (in Northumberland) as early as the 11th century. We know
        that this was not his whole body, as it was accepted that half of it lay
        at Iona in Scotland, and some relics were also claimed by Durham
        Cathedral. As only a partial saint and the earliest recorded, it seems
        likely that Aidan may have been the only Northern relic brought south to
        Glastonbury by Tyccea, though not apparently because of the Viking
        threat.

        Saint Bede highly praises the Irish Aidan who did so much to bring the
        Gospel to his Anglo-Saxon brothers. "He neither sought nor loved
        anything of this world, but delighted in distributing immediately to the
        poor whatever was given him by kings or rich men of the world. He
        traversed both town and country on foot, never on horseback, unless
        compelled by some urgent necessity. Wherever on his way he saw any,
        either rich or poor, he invited them, if pagans, to embrace the mystery
        of the faith; or if they were believers, he sought to strengthen them in
        their faith and stir them up by words and actions to alms and good
        works."

        He wrote that Saint Aidan "was a man of remarkable gentleness, goodness,
        and moderation, zealous for God; but not fully according to knowledge. .
        ... . " By which Bede means that he followed and taught the liturgical
        and disciplinary customs of the
        Celtic Christians, which differed from those of Continental
        Christianity. Montague notes that one effort of Anglo-Saxon education
        being conducted by Irish monks was that English writing was
        distinguished by its Irish orthography. Aidan brought to Ireland the
        custom of Wednesday and Friday fasts [see the Didache] (Attwater,
        Benedictines, Encyclopaedia, Montague, Walsh).

        In art, Saint Aidan is portrayed as a bishop with the monastery of
        Lindisfarne in his hand and a stag at his feet (because of the legend
        that his prayer rendered invisible a deer pursued by hunters). He might
        also be portrayed (1) holding a light torch;
        (2) giving a horse to a poor man; (3) calming a storm; or (4)
        extinguishing a fire by his prayers (Roeder), He is especially
        venerated at Glastonbury, Lindisfarne, and Whitby (Roeder).

        "The Irish Bishops of Lindisfarne"
        http://brigid-undertheoak.blogspot.com/2009/08/irish-bishops-of-lindisfarne.html

        The life of St Aidan features in this book available at the Internet
        Archive:
        The Bishops of Lindisfarne, Hexham, Chester-le-Street, and Durham A.D.
        635-1020 - Being an Introduction to the Ecclesiastical History of
        Northumbria"
        http://www.archive.org/details/bishopsoflindisf00mileiala


        Liturgical Commemoration of Our Father among the
        Saints Aidan, Bishop of Lindisfarne, Enlightener of Northumbria
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/servaida.htm

        Icons of St. Aidan:
        http://www.allmercifulsavior.com/icons/Icons-Aidan.htm##1


        Troparion of St Aidan tone 5
        O holy Bishop Aidan,/ Apostle of the North and light of the Celtic
        Church,/ glorious in humility,/ noble in poverty,/ zealous monk and
        loving missionary,/ intercede for us sinners/ that Christ our God may
        have mercy on our souls.



        St. Cuthburga, Queen and Abbess of Wimborne, England
        ----------------------------------------------------------


        St. Eanswitha (Eanswyth), Abbess of Folkestone, Kent, England
        Grand-daughter of King Saint Aethelbert
        -----------------------------------------------------------

        Liturgical Commemoration of Our Venerable Mother Eanswythe, Abbess of
        Folkestone & Wonderworker of Kent
        http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/serveans.htm



        St. Columban of Ireland, Abbot and Founder of
        Luxeuil Abbey in France
        ------------------------------------------------------------
        Feast of the Translation of his holy Relics


        These Lives are archived at:
        http://groups.yahoo.com/group/celt-saints
        *****************************************
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